Ethnic Penalties And How They Effect The Lives Of Minorities Tcd Essay

1750 words - 7 pages

6. Define the concept of ‘ethnic penalties’ and discuss the mechanisms that can lead ethnic minorities to be disadvantaged in schooling, employment and cultural life. Use specific examples or evidence to support your claims.
“Institutionalized rejection of difference is an absolute necessity in a profit economy which needs outsiders as surplus people.” (Lorde, 1984: 115) This quote by black feminist scholar, Audre Lorde, very aptly surmises the general view the Western world and their economies take of the differences that separate us. As she says herself, we have ‘no patterns for relating across our human differences as equals’ (Lorde, 1984: 115), and so we are equated by a superiority/inferiority complex of sorts. Speaking specifically in the case of racial prejudice, it is, of course, fair to say it is less overt and openly tolerated than it once was, but truthfully, ‘discrimination has become insidious’ (Lamptey, 2014) - difficult to discern and characterised by the ‘penalties’ expelled upon ethnic minorities. In an almost predator-prey relationship, one race (the majority) prospers while others (the minority) suffer – simply on account of their ethnicity. Minorities are most affected in their schooling, employment and cultural life – and the disparity experienced by such minorities and their white counterparts ‘cannot fully be explained by differences in human capitol or demographic characteristics. The remaining unexplained component of such differences has been termed the ‘ethnic penalty’’ (Rafferty, 2012: 987). Essentially, this term can be defined as ‘an additional cost incurred for being a member of a minority ethnic group’ (Lamptey, 2014). Thus, for the purpose of my essay, I will discuss how ethnic penalties influence the aforementioned aspects of life, but moreover, how they are aided by mechanisms of discrimination, socio-economic class, ethnic segregation and occupational segregation.
Ethnic minorities experience ‘penalties’ throughout their education and this can largely be attributed to the issues of socio-economic class, ethnic segregation and discrimination/racism. Although some of the struggles minorities face can be explained by the process of migration itself; ‘lack of fluency in the language of the population and possession of foreign education credentials and foreign work experience’ (Heath et al, 2008: 212) etc. Studies in Western Europe on second generation migrants tell a different story. These are people who have been born and bred in the host country, and by virtue have acquired a fluency in the majority language, domestic qualifications, and domestic work experience. Yet their apparent equal credentials still leave them on an unequal footing to their majority peers. A possible explanation for this is the geographical concentration of ethnic minorities, whereby a minority group can often be found living in close proximity ‘in areas of relatively high social deprivation’ (Heath et al, 2008: 224). With this aggregation...

Other Essays On ethnic penalties and how they effect the lives of minorities - TCD - Essay

"How the Planets Came to Be". This essay is a personally interpereted version of how the planets were created, and why they sit where they do now

429 words - 2 pages Some say God gave the Sun the power to create all matter in the Universe. When the Sun created all matter it was everything but unique. Some of his creations included very small stars but nothing spectacular.One day while creating matter he met a woman named Moon. It was love at first sight. He fell deeply in love with her. Sun was his happiest when his was with Moon. Together they created many more beautiful stars and expanded the universe

Black Fish - Persuasive Essay on the protection of killer whales and how deadly they can be - Xavier College - Perusasive Essay

479 words - 2 pages amusement? This is a prime example of how keeping orcas in captivity is not worth putting lives at risk just for amusement. Keeping orcas in captivity drops their life expectancy due to harsh living conditions, failing training methods cause orcas to use instinct, and eventually lead to psychological effects on the orcas. These three main points are just some of the reasons why putting orcas in captivity is leaving lives in danger and can cause injury, trauma and even death. Is this what WE want?

To what extent did economic, political, and social change effect the lives of colonists after the American Revolution?

547 words - 3 pages Although the colonists' lives changed significantly in many ways after the American Revolution, the economic, political, and social conversions are viewed to be the most dramatic. The American Revolution was the war between the American colonies and Great Britain from 1775-1783 . Most consider this war not to be a nationalist revolution, in which the aim of the revolutionaries was to overturn the existing system, but rather to set up the North

Sweeden Vs. Finland This Essay Shows The Differences And The Similaritys Of Sweeden And Finland It Tells How They Earn And Spend Money And All Economic Characteristics

1031 words - 5 pages . Sweden's economy is stronger than Finland and this is probably due to the difference in natural resources and the type of imports and exports out of Sweden. I think both places would be a good place to live, but you would have to like cold weather! In doing this essay I learned a lot on how Sweden and Finland are similar and different.By Corey Scott

"The Genius That Was China" This Essay Is About The Wonderful Technological Developments Of Ancient China And How They Influenced The Development Of The West

1773 words - 8 pages complexity than that of China. China has also had great cosmopolitan cities, architectural wonders and beautiful art, poetry and writing. Yet there is one major question that remains to be answered. If China was such a wonderfully innovative, developed and advanced civilization how did they not emerge as a great industrial power in the recent centuries? This topic is a complex and complicated one that deserves it's own essay but a simple answer would

The Great Gatsby comparative essay on Daisy and Myrtle on how they are similar - Comparative essay - essay

1368 words - 6 pages Despite Their Differences Men Look At Them the Same The Great Gatsby by F.Scott Fitzgerald is a book based on the 1920’s where money was at a pinnacle of it’s value. The era of old money. In the book there are two lead roles played by females named Daisy and Myrtle. Daisy and Myrtle are from different parts of the world when it comes to being treated by men and how no matter what their status was, they are looked at as object by all men

Romeo And Juliet Essay By William Shakespea. Essay Question: Why Did 'The Pair Of Star-Crossed Lovers' Take Their Lives?

893 words - 4 pages Romeo and Juliet essay by William Shakespea. Essay question: Why did 'The pair of star-crossed lovers' take their lives?The tragedy of Romeo and Juliet is one of the most dramatic and influential love stories of all time. The play, written by William Shakespeare in the late sixteenth century tells the anguishing tale of 'star-crossed lovers' taking their lives to be together in death. This essay will discuss three points that I believe to be

Lives Of The Saints

1592 words - 7 pages . Knowing that the older boys are after him, she asks him to stay after school and sweep the floors or do other chores in the classroom. Eventually, their silent friendship grows to that of a mother-son relationship. Seeing that Vittorio has changed his classroom habits, La Maestra begins reading him stories from a book called Lives of the Saints. It is filled with the stories of many saints and the good deeds they had done. Vittorio likes the

nutrition essay on the effect of dairy and dairy substitute product - nutrition - essay

416 words - 2 pages Eun Seo Park 1001603482 Does intake of calcium and dairy products like milk and cheese, result decreased risk of colorectal cancer? From the four studies talked about below will show that it is moderately convincing to be true. The cohort study done by Murphy et al., shows that p-trend for total calcium and dairies were below 0.05 except for non-dairy calcium (Murphy et al. 2013). It was a study done for 11 years with huge population over 450k

To What Extent Did James Dean Impact Teenager Lives of The 1950s? - US History and American Lit - Essay

977 words - 4 pages Rock and Roll because they thought that it caused juvenile delinquency. ​A Pentecostal minister, Reverend Albert Carter explains “The effect of Rock n Roll in young people turned them into devil worshippers” (qtd. In A.Kallen, Stuart.191). It was believed that Rock n Roll was a bad influence on teenagers of the 1950s. Authorities see Rock n Roll as a way for teenagers to show their true colors though sex, by breaking laws, and to destroy the idea

Explain the types of economic systems and what they do - Economics - Essay

998 words - 4 pages often in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. Societies that produce goods and services in traditional ways are found today in some parts of South America, Asia, and Africa. There, people living in an agricultural village still plant and harvest their own food on their own land. And they ways they produce food, clothing, and shelter area lost exactly the same as those used in the past. Traditional decides what these people do for a

Similar Papers

How Magwitch And Miss Havisham Shaped The Lives Of Pip And Estella English Literature Essay

1737 words - 7 pages Magwitch. In this, their course of growth share similar origins, yet follow somewhat different paths, and have different outcomes through the interference of their benefactors. By discussing the differences and similarities between Pip’s and Estella’s inculcation, and observing the results, this essay aims to examine the benefactors’ shaping of their lives. The intended aim will be approached by first reviewing the differences and similarities of

Poetic Genre Conventions, Techniques And Idiom. Tcd Literature Essay

1425 words - 6 pages Write an essay analysing three contrasting examples of one poetic genre, paying close attention to conventions, techniques and idiom. The Ballad is a poetic genre usually used to convey a particular narrative. It is one of the oldest poetic forms in English poetry, originating in the medieval times. However, a revival of the form occurred during the 19th century which is also known as the “romantic period”. A poet would consider this form of

Minorities: Differences Of The Past And Present

525 words - 3 pages There is a huge difference in the treatment and problems for blacks and other minorities now than during the first 130 years of our nations history. Affirmative action seems to have gone too far because it seems to be favoring the minorities now so it is kinda like reverse racism. Before blacks and other minorities were the last people to be considered for jobs and for college, now if a minority and a white male with the same intelligence are

Ainu And Burakumin: Minorities Of Japan Uh Hilo Essay

740 words - 3 pages and are working with Burakumin liberationists to change how they are perceived. Japan as it stands contains many cultures brought in from foreigners, and is beginning to acknowledge their indigenous people and the cultures attributed to them. Siddle, Richard. ​Japan’s Minorities: the Illusion of Homogeneity. ​Edited by Michael A. Weiner. New York: Routledge, 2009. Neary, Ian. ​Japan’s Minorities: the Illusion of Homogeneity. ​Edited by Michael A