Evaluating The Claims By Descartes On Distinguishing Dreaming From Wake

606 words - 3 pages

Evaluating The Claims By Descartes On Distinguishing Dreaming From Wake.Philosophy: Mind and MetaphysicsDue Date: 13th of August 2012Tutor: James StewartWord Count: 497Student ID: 149529In 'Meditation One', Descartes discusses how there is no way to determine the difference between waking and sleeping. In this essay I will explain Descartes position, along with critiquing his theory.Descartes theory in 'Mediation One' revolves around the idea that senses are the basis for an individual's decision on what it is to determine what is certain (p.1). To ponder the question of whether the state of sleeping can be distinguished from wake (reality), Descartes views no difference in distinguishing one from the other (p.2).While he also admits that one's senses can be deceived, Descartes argues they are ...view middle of the document...

In critiquing Descartes claim, I believe the distinct difference between waking and sleeping is shown through three ways, these are, lucid dreaming, the concept of time & reality and the day-night cycle.Lucid dreaming is the ability (in a dream) to become 'self aware' and conscious enough to realise that one is dreaming and can even control the dream by controlling the consciousness. When awake one does not come to a realisation that they are in a dream. I believe this is because in a dream when events happen they can be odd or abnormal, this triggers the conscious, in a realisation that one is in a dream even though the experience in a dream seems vividly real.Additionally, another distinction between the state of waking and sleeping is that reality (wake) is clear, consistent, and has the concept of time. One is aware of everything when one is awake and time is something that is slow and regularly monitored. In a dream you jump from point to point (dream to dream), it is not consistent and the experiences in a dream can be quite 'abnormal', as dreams are much more abstract than reality. Additionally dreams have no concept of time.The finale distinct difference I believe is between dreaming and waking is the ability to fall asleep and wake up in the same reality. One does not in a dream, consistently, fall asleep in the end of a dream and wake up in reality, it is the opposite. This demonstrates how in reality the same day to night cycle happens and the same routine of sleeping, dreaming and waking is also consistent in reality, whereas in a dream it is not.In sum, when considering the three ways highlighted in this essay, one can distinguish waking from sleep, therefore I believe Descartes theory can be seen as incorrect.ReferencesDescartes, R. (2005) 'Meditation One: Of the things in which We May Doubt'. Retrieved from: http://www.wright.edu/cola/descartes/intro.html

Other Essays On Evaluating The Claims By Descartes On Distinguishing Dreaming From Wake

A Book Report On How Frodo Shows Courage From The Fellowship Of The Ring

855 words - 4 pages find wandering more bearable. ...But this would mean exile, a flight from danger into danger, drawing it after me. And I suppose I must go alone, if I am to do that and save the Shire. But I fell very small and very uprooted, and well - desperate. The Enemy is so strong and terrible." Although he recognized that he might not survive he still decided that it was significant it to jeopardize his life hence others would be out of harm's way.Later on

view from the south essay on the Mexican Revolution - history 106 - essay

673 words - 3 pages Nicholas Wilson HIST 106-D1 Dr. Orisich 6/1/19 View From the South Paper #3 Mexico in the nineteenth century was a country that struggled to maintain a political voice for its citizens and economic opportunity. The country at the time before the revolution began has been under the control of the liberal caudillo dictator, Porfirio Díaz for thirty-four years. In these thirty-four years he was not elected in the polls by the majority of the

Analyzing Holden Caufield And His Characteristics From "Catcher In The Rye" By J.D.Salinger

914 words - 4 pages because of him, and notes that "it was pretty funny, in a way." He also spends much of his time "trying to feel some kind of good-by" from Pencey before he leaves, but can't seem to. At the beginning of the novel, he was standing on a hill, separating him from the rest of his school at the big, annual football game. Almost everyone (except Holden and Ackly) was watching this big, important game and rooting for Pencey, but Holden just concludes

memoir on grandpa a brief journey from childhood to the death of granpa - hcc - memoir

2077 words - 9 pages storage rooms, where some of the goats also stayed on the ground floor. The house was built in the late 1800s before my father was born. However, the independent efforts of my grandfather established his early success in our business, as is evident by the roughness of his hands, a roughness resulting from the labor of his work throughout his life. At the same time, my father told me he would hold my father's hands, so gently with his rough hands

Cultural Leftovers From Our Past Civilizations. Alexander The Great. Greece's Influence On Today's Architecture And Education

1648 words - 7 pages There are many intriguing cultural leftovers from our past civilizations. I will discuss some of them. Alexander the Great discovered many ideas that we still use today. With the help of 35,000 Greeks and Macedonians Alexander managed to conquer and create his own empire from Greece to the borders of India. While on his journey he came up with the idea of getting on a horse from the left side. He found out that if you try to get on it

lecture from history 3405 on the history of china - OSU - notes

864 words - 4 pages own country probably came in 1950. C. In 1949, 23 non-CCP, “petty Bourgeois” parties joined a constitutional convention called “chinese peoples political consultative conference” that still exists today 1. it provides CCP consultation with non-CCP elites (today there are 8 parties +CCP) a. Taiwan today has another 12 but during martial law from 1947-87 allowed only 3 including the KMT 2. PPCC included “revolutionary KMT” led then by Mme Sun Yat

Essay on Hector from "The History Boys" - stafford grammar yr11 - essay

1103 words - 5 pages literature is one of the main tenants of Hector’s philosophy. He puts emphasis on learning different texts by heart so that his students will remember what the have learned long after they leave school. The purpose of this, perhaps, to make education a more important part of their life rather than learning information for an exam. From this, we can see that Hector has a deep love of literature. When Irwin talks to Hector about using the quotes in

Applications from research into the effects of parental imprisonment on father/daughter relationships

374 words - 2 pages ApplicationsWith regards to adolescence I would suggest that schools and colleges encourage the use of counselling services for young people. By use of this method of constructive questioning in a safe, confidential setting, adolescents would be enabled to work through issues for themselves but with guidance to prevent the development of negative personality traits and behaviour patterns. By stabilising these emotions teenagers would be better

Jesus on Leadership/Jesus' Leadership on this earth - Northeast Christian College - Theology Class - Paper from the book

2114 words - 9 pages . He started some exciting ideas on how to understand servant leadership from a Christian view. However, when he began writing two chapters on each principle, I found that some of the parts were quite long without really explaining anything more about the principle. In particular, I was disappointed that he did not draw more from the Biblical parable of Jesus washing the disciples' feet (since this is his Biblical focus example). Still, it had some

Analysis On The Story "Flowering Judas" By Katherine Anne Porter

695 words - 3 pages of pleasure, and "hardness of heart." They are also what has made him a "skilled revolutionist." He is, on the other hand, a man capable of certain sorts of love. He can sacrifice himself and accept sacrifice from others. His ability to love begins with himself and oozes over to those who he comes into contact with.Laura, the repressed, "gringita," has betrayed Eugenio. She did this first by refusing his offer of love and then by delivering

Book Repory On "Beyond The Blame", By Jeffrey Kottler

2243 words - 9 pages forces are working on them to prevent particular conflicts from being resolved. They may include conflicts over control and authority as well as the need for privacy and intimacy, as well as what Kottler calls "enmeshment" (page 57) or psychological dependence on others.Here Kottler makes the suggestion that one can find a way to reduce personal conflicts by becoming aware of one's real motives and the emotional crises underlying them. This may

Similar Papers

Report On Descartes Objectives In The Meditations. Includes Personal Comment

2859 words - 12 pages ."() From this declaration he ascertains that a perfect thing exists and by definition the perfect thing is God. He also concludes that God is no deceiver: "for it is manifest by the light of nature that all fraud and deception depend on some defect." Content with his claims Descartes is now ready to move ahead with his argument concerning true and false.Meditation FourDescartes having proven that God exists must now make some clarifications concerning

A Historical Analysis On The Study Of Optics From Pre Socratic Times Through The Age Of Newton. By Adam R

4219 words - 17 pages in motion. The atomists tended to focus their attention on light as a physical entity. Epicurus, an atomist, believed that "particles are continually streaming off from the surface of bodies." The extramissionists were led by the Pythagoreans, such as Aristotle who believed that the eye is likened to a lantern, with a fire inside of it. Aristotle argued that one can see this "fire" by looking at a cat's eye during the night, and noticing its

Sally From The House On Mango Street

560 words - 3 pages see Peter in a new light. His short brown wavy hair and his dark brown eyes. He had the build of a kid that grew up in hard times. Strong from bully's battles and a light skin from the not being in the sun. He was truly handsome.Peter helped me with my things and offered to walk me home. We talked about a lot of things on our way to Mango Street. I started to feel like I could trust Peter with anything. He's probably one of the best of friends I

Essay On Hector From "The History Boys" Stafford Yr11 Essay

1103 words - 5 pages literature is one of the main tenants of Hector’s philosophy. He puts emphasis on learning different texts by heart so that his students will remember what the have learned long after they leave school. The purpose of this, perhaps, to make education a more important part of their life rather than learning information for an exam. From this, we can see that Hector has a deep love of literature. When Irwin talks to Hector about using the quotes in