Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of Trade Embargoes

1310 words - 6 pages

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Trade EmbargoesAlthough I am a strong critic of the use and effectiveness of economic sanctions, such as trade embargoes, for the sake of this assignment, I will present both their theoretical advantages and their disadvantages based upon my research. Trade embargoes and blockades have traditionally been used to entice nations to alter their behavior or to punish them for certain behavior. The intentions behind these policies are generally noble, at least on the surface. However, these policies can have side effects. For example, FDR's blockade of raw materials against the Japanese in Manchuria in the 1930s arguably led to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, wh ...view middle of the document...

At the same time, trade sanctions may narrow the domestic support of authoritarian regimes and aggravate internal divisions.Economic sanctions can raise the cost of trade and finance to the targeted nations, but in most cases do not ruin their economies. Denied finance can compound the cost to the target country by inhibiting its ability to engage in trade without formal trade controls being imposed. Over time the target nation can develop alternative suppliers and markets, although at increased cost. The target country may receive economic or military aid from other countries opposing the embargoes. If "saving face" is important to the target nation, or if the embargo receives substantial publicity, it may provoke a backlash from the targeted regime and instead increase violent conflict. Backlash from the sender's allies may be exacerbated if attempts are made to enforce the sanctions extraterritorially.WeaknessesSkeptics question whether the costs paid by senders of trade embargoes are worth the benefits derived, or if the costs to innocent groups in the target countries are justified. Trade embargoes often do not succeed in changing the behavior of other countries, depending on various factors. In contrast to most foreign and defense actions financed by the government treasury, the embargo's costs are mostly felt by businesses whose trade is affected. They can amount to a discriminatory, sector-specific tax to finance foreign policy. Complaints of losses to domestic firms may undermine an embargo's initiative when it interrupts trade and financial contacts; businesses may fear loss of their reputation for reliability. Trade embargoes may alienate the sender's foreign allies.Popular regimes are more vulnerable than authoritarian regimes to domestic pressure for the state to change its behavior. Governments with high degrees of control over information can manipulate the public to blame foreign countries for unjustifiably inflicting damages against them. Embargoes can impose a high cost on noncombatants in the target country.In addition to trade embargoes, diplomatic sanctions such as breaking bilateral ties or denying a target country organizational membership, deny sender states and organizations some of their direct leverage against the target regime.Sender governments may fail to honor their commitments to enforce embargoes, gaining political advantage from cooperating in international efforts while reaping economic benefits by looking the other way as their companies evade the embargoes and illicitly take over the market share of other sanctioning countries.Trade embargoes are blunt tools with limited ability to focus economic pressure against particular groups in the target society. They can have substantial inadvertent adverse impact on the economy and non-targeted population groups; more authoritarian regimes may use their population's suffering to motivate senders to lift sanctions. Senders can try to design embargoes to impact m...

RELATED

Evaluation of the effectiveness of Closing the Gap program - Geography - Essay

960 words - 4 pages culture has formed a large part of Australia as a nation, it’s history and culture. The disadvantage is most evident in the indicators of employment, child mortality, year 12 attainment and reading and numeracy, with three areas of importance being life expectancy, early childhood education and school attendance. Being a decade after the introduction of the program, the evaluation of its effectiveness is crucial to determining the future success and

Paper On Evaluation Of Stratigic Management

4178 words - 17 pages Introduction"Strategic management is the process of decision making which have high medium term to long term impact on activities of the organization including the implementation of those decisions to create value for customers and key stakeholders and to outperform the competitors"(Hubbard, G., 2000, p-2).Strategic management has three elements such as strategic analysis, strategic choice and strategic implementation. Strategic analysis gives

Effectiveness of the Nonviolent Civil Rights Movement - History - Essay

730 words - 3 pages Free Effectiveness of the Nonviolent Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King had a dream that one day his children would “live in a nation where they are not judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character”. King’s leadership of the nonviolent Civil Rights Movement significantly pushed America towards being the land of the free that it claims to be. The Civil Rights Movement’s peaceful methods effectively gained the sympathy

A Complete Evaluation Of The Country Of Nigeria

1565 words - 7 pages Free : limestone, petroleum, tin and gases.Nigerians hardly trade with other African countries but they trade with USA, EU and Japan.Nigeria is amongst the worlds leading producers of cacao, palm oil, peanuts, rubber, tin and petroleum. Petroleum is the most valuable resource in Nigeria, most oil fields being found in south-west of Nigeria.Nigerians earnings come from cotton, coffee, gravel and petroleum. If you buy a jar of coffee costing $1 only 8p will

Describe the step by step process of evaluation

561 words - 3 pages Describe the step by step process of evaluationThe step by step process of evaluation includes:Safety policy and its objectivesManagement commitment and responsibility: The organisation shall define its safety policy which should be in accordance with international and national requirements reflect organisational commitments regarding safety and provision of the necessary human and financial resources for its implementation. The safety policy

This Essay Discusses The Fair Trade Coffee Movement And The Advantages Of Fair Trade Coffee Over Regular Coffee

1076 words - 5 pages The Fair Trade Certified coffee movement exists today to ensure that the small sizecoffee producers, who make up the majority of the world's coffee production, receive afair price for their coffee. Mass producers of coffee are able to grow their products at acheaper expense, often with lower quality, and as a result, they can sell their coffee for acheaper price. The problem with this is that the smaller producers must lower theircoffee prices

Evaluate The Effectiveness Of The Use Of Techniques In Marketing Products - Tesla

2180 words - 9 pages Free in Palo Alto, California. The company specializes in electric car manufacturing. Tesla was founded in July 2003, by engineers Martin Eberhand and Marc Tarpenning, under the name Tesla Motors. The companies name was derived from engineer Nikola Tesla. Tesla was then joined by Elon Musk, J.B. Straubel and Ian Wright, all who respectively call themselves co-founders of the company. Tesla operates more than 200 stores and galleries around the world

The Results Of The Introduction Of The Commertial Fur Trade Into Canada

731 words - 3 pages An essay describing the effects of the fur trade on the Native peoples of Canada Excellent.EssayThe trapping of beavers for their fur had always been an integral part of native culture. The introduction of the profit-seeking fur trade caused drastic changes in the native way of life. These changes ultimately concluded with the destruction of an enormous part of native culture. It can be said that, "The introduction of the commercial fur trade

Essay on the effectiveness of British tactics in defeating Argentina at the Falklands War - History - Essay

1894 words - 8 pages Falklands War Essay Question: How effective were British air, land and naval tactics in defeating Argentina in the 1982 Falklands War? Britain were victorious in the 1982 Falklands war against Argentina, during the war they employed several successful tactics through their air, land and naval departments. Causes of the war include; Argentina’s devastating economic crisis and the invasion they staged of the Falkland Islands, which were under

The Effectiveness of the Guillotine as Weapon of Terror during the French Revolution - University of Colorado, Boulder - History-1020 - Essay

672 words - 3 pages Gary Schwartz HIST-1020 _____________________________________________________________________________ Do a web search on the history of the guillotine. Discuss its use during the French revolution. How effective was it as a weapon of terror? Prior to the French Revolution, capital punishment in France intentionally included an element of torture. As a result of “enlightened thinking,” there was a movement to remove this element, if not

Evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care - langly park school - Assignment

1349 words - 6 pages Free Unit 14 -Physiological Disorder D1-Evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway Within this report I will be evaluating the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway. As health care professionals it is important that as a team they work together to provide for the individual’s needs when delivering

Is The U.S. Using The Issue Of Truck Safety As A Trade Barrier To Mexico?

884 words - 4 pages 1. Is the U.S. using the issue of truck safety as a trade barrier? What proof can you offer?I think U.S. is using the issue of truck safety as a trade barrier because the increase in Mexican trucks within the limited border zone has had an adverse affect on safety in the U.S. For example, in Texas border counties, within the commercial border zone, have seen a dramatic increase in highway fatalities and serious injuries from truck with Mexican

Evaluation of the story of Everyday Use - Georgia State/ English - Interpretation

998 words - 4 pages Free Sammy to lose his job, all the while not getting the girl who he had become infatuated with for what seems to be mere minutes of she and her friends stepping into the store. He does not think things through and makes a hasty decision which in turn, leaves him to become unemployed although his intentions were good natured. He wanted to show in protest, to his manager, that the girls were not inappropriate by dressing indecently in the grocery

the effects of domestic and global free trade on australian polocies - lurnea hs/ economics - assignment/ report

1195 words - 5 pages Analyse the effects of domestic and global free trade and protection policies on the Australian economy. Australia has had a long history of protection in the manufacturing sector where tariffs and quotas have been used to shield domestic firms from direct imports competition. Much of this protection was put in place after Federation in 1901 when Australian governments used a policy of protection from imports to develop the manufacturing sector

Assess the effectiveness of the criminal investigation process as a means of achieving justice - Legal Studies - Essay

947 words - 4 pages Free Assess the effectiveness of the criminal investigation process as a means of achieving justice The criminal investigation attempts to achieve justice through investigative and arrest procedures, but these may not always be effective in achieving justice due to an abuse of police powers, issues mitigating the reporting of crime, and issues surrounding the bail and remand of accused individuals. These issues hinder the achievement of rights of the