This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Examine The Main Concepts Of Hard Determinism School Essay

1292 words - 6 pages

Examine the main concepts of Hard Determinism
Hard Determinism can be defined by Baruch Spinoza’s quote: ‘In the mind there is no absolute or free will; but the mind is determined to will this or that by a cause, which has been determined by another cause…and so on to infinity’. This basically means that humans do not have free will, and that all moral actions have prior causes.
Hard Determinism follows the Principle of Causality, which states that everything has a cause, and every cause has an effect. In our universe, there are certain laws of nature which govern everything that happens. All of our actions come about as a direct result of these scientific laws, and each choice we make was determined by the situation that arose directly before it. This situation was itself determined by the situation before it, and this chain regresses infinitely. All theories of determinism are influenced by Isaac Newton, who stated that the universe is governed by immutable laws of nature such as motivation and gravitation. The world is viewed as a mechanism which is dominated by the law of predictable cause and effect. He argued that if we knew all the causes, we would be able to predict the effect. A follower of Newton named Pierre Laplace placed such confidence in the all-pervasive power of causality that he thought that the minutest prediction could be made if we were able to know the various causal factors involved. This essentially says that even human action could theoretically be predicted if we had knowledge of all prior causes. This leaves no room for chance or choice, as everything is already determined. The concept of cause and effect can be illustrated through the knowledge that if friction occurs, then heat will follow. Due to this knowledge, we are able to predict that if you rub your hands together, then they will become warmer. For a Hard Determinist, human choices are just as much a part of the Principle of Causality as friction causing heat. All our actions are determined, meaning that we have no free will, or in turn, moral responsibility.
Hard Determinists believe in the existence of both internal and external causation. It is thought that some causes are internal, and are therefore biological or genetic. However, there are also causes that are external to us, namely the environment. It is a combination of both these causes which determines our behaviour. A minority, called Genetic Determinists, claim that almost all physical ad behavioural aspects of humanity are determined by genetics. However, the majority of Determinists would point out the indisputable influence that upbringing and environment seem to have on human behaviour. Internal causation can be shown by the discovery of various genes which seem to lead to certain behaviour. For example, researchers from King’s College London discovered that boys with a particular version of a gene which lowers monoamine oxidase, are more likely to indulge in anti-social behaviour if they have...

Other Essays On Examine the main concepts of Hard Determinism - School - Essay

The Declaration of Independence - school - essay

1005 words - 5 pages statement showing the colonists resolve to be free of English rule. The Declaration of Independence was the starting point for the United States effectively serving its purpose, making it the most important document in history. Thomas Jefferson the author of the Declaration of Independence was a well-educated man graduating from The College of William and Mary in 1762. Born in Virginia 1743, Jefferson went to school learning French, Greek and Latin

Explain the concepts of religious language as analogy and symbol - university - essay

1157 words - 5 pages Explain the concepts of religious language as analogy and symbol (30) Language is an extremely limited way of describing God. When we begin to interpret God through words we start to anthropomorphise his metaphysical being, this results in different perceptions of God which shouldn't occur as something which is beyond our understanding cannot be 'this' neither can it be 'that'. Some people believe that expressing religion through symbol is a

Deregulation was the main cause of the 2008 financial crisis. - UCC, banking law - essay

1933 words - 8 pages higher than normal rate in the late 2007, and on September 15,2008, one of the biggest investment banks in the world, failed, Lehman Brothers (2008financialcrisis.umwblogs.org, 2018). Financial innovations and deregulation during the “Great Moderation” allowed bankers the opportunity to increase their return on investment with the use of various mechanisms. The purpose of this essay is to explore the causes of the 2008 Financial Crisis and support

Was WW1 the main cause of the February revolution - IB - Essay

2879 words - 12 pages “The first world was was the main cause of the February revolution” To what extent do you agree with this statement? The question above, asks us to define what we think the main cause of the successful Russian Revolution of 1917, consequently the optimist and pessimist debate must be take into account. The pessimist debate, shown by the opinion of Orlando Figes states that “living in russia in 1914 was like living on the top of a volcano

Argentina the home of the lost people - School - Essay

486 words - 2 pages United States as powerful ad smart he uses the evidence of that the US can be world leaders and the example of the world war 2 when they join the war until the last minute. 3. Context: What does Novikov claim the United States planned during the Second World War? Novikov claimed the United States planned on joining the war until the end when their main competitors would've been greatly weakened by the war or crushed and the United States would

Sociology is the study of human interaction - Assignment school - Essay

1636 words - 7 pages understanding the production and distribution of diseases. This essay will showcase the two major sociological theoretical perspectives on health and illness which are functionalism and Weberianism. The essay will demonstrate the comparison between the two. Furthermore, it will briefly discuss how concepts from the two theories will contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. One of the major sociological theoretical perspectives on health and

The Evolution of Canadian Bears - Nepean High School/Biology - Essay

1167 words - 5 pages speciated into eight extant species. Of family Ursidae, there are three subfamilies: ​Ursinae, Ailuropodidae and Tremarctinae. Subfamily Ursinae consists of the closest relatives to the Canadian brown bear, including the polar bear and the American black bear. The polar bear speciated from the brown bear as early as 150,000 years ago, yet the polar bear may not be considered a species under some species concepts. There have been cases of mating

The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership - School Assignment - Essay

662 words - 3 pages abovementioned book. Several leadership concepts appear in the book. Firstly, the author utilizes the law of the lid, which depicts a leader as been a ceiling. Thus, this indicates that an organization has the potential to rise as high as a leader believes it can. Secondly, the law of E.F Huffton presents another leadership concept. Maxwell (2007) utilizes this concept to abound things that make a person a respected leader such as character, how

Vimy Ridge and the affect of canadians - school - essay

1044 words - 5 pages Vimy Ridge Angelo DeAngelis 2CHC 2D1 Mr. Van Dewark March 17, 2017 Vimy Ridge Canadians independence was influenced by the battle at Vimy ridge. Vimy ridge was one of the significant and most intense battle in all of world war one. The battle at vimy ridge is a battle that changed Canada and the Canadian squad during World War one. The following essay will inform about Vimy Ridge and how it was part Canadian history. The following is about

Causes of the french revolution DBQ - haverhill high school - essay

1289 words - 6 pages the natural rights of man? Q12: How might a belief in these ideas lead the French to start a Revolution against their king? Brainstorm causes of the French Revolution based on these source documents and fill out this chart: Causes- Claim Pick ONE for essay Evidence Quote Explanation (how is this a cause of the French Revolution?) Peasant Hardships- What problems did peasants face? What were the short and long term effects of these hardships

Reasons for the pilgrimage of Grace - School - Essay

2418 words - 10 pages Urjaa Using your understanding of the historical context, assess how convincing the arguments in these three extracts in relation on the reasons for the outbreak of the Pilgrimage of Grace Extract A is convincing to a certain extent in relation to arguing the reasons for the outbreak of the Pilgrimage of Grace. Its main argument is that the rebellion “at heart, the work of a political faction which utilised social, economic and religious

Similar Papers

Hard Determinism: True Or False Philosophy Philosophy 101 Essay

1377 words - 6 pages actions are predetermined by factors outside of our control; we do not have the ability to decide for ourselves. Many philosophers have made strong and sound arguments for each stance however, in this essay I examine the question of free will. I attempt to show through a hard deterministic view that free will is merely an illusion. I, then,attempt to show the implications hard determinism has on morals. Hard Determinism is a philosophical position

Essay On Free Will Vs. Hard Determinism (Philosophy) Introduction To Philosophy/Bellarmine University Essay

815 words - 4 pages Circumstances: Self-Made or Natural? Many people have wondered throughout the world, why am I in the position I am right now? How did my life go so wrong/right? Some may answer that their circumstances are a result of their own decisions, while others may say the reason is because of the “universe”. To understand both perceptions, Richard Taylor’s Agency Theory and Baron d’Holbach’s Hard Determinism Theory will be analyzed. By comparing

The Main Reason Why The United States Joined The Korean War Burgate School/Sixth Form Essay

922 words - 4 pages ‘The main reason why the United States entered the Korean War was in order to defend the South Korea.’ Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. Whilst, the impression that the US gave in attempting to defend South Korea seems plausible, however that is not the only main reasons. Ever since, the loss of China to communism, this heavily effected the US to be involved in the Korea war. The mindset of Truman and Eisenhower was truly to

Ct Essay For School, Hard To Write Pep Essay

1631 words - 7 pages Jacob Stacy Mrs. Demski Rhetoric/comp/lit 18 September 2018 CT Essay Outline What comes to your mind when you hear the word Irony? Irony is defined by Webster’s Ninth collegiate dictionary as “The use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning” (Webster 639). The Prologue to the ​Canterbury Tales ​sets the backdrop for the Characters of Chaucer’s iconic storybook​.​ In His prologue, He defines who