Description of the subsystem and how it works
Explanation of how the sphere is linked to others
The atmosphere is a thin blanket of gases that surround the earth. It transport heat and water and filters out deadly ultraviolet radiation. Furthermore the atmosphere is always on the move. When the atmosphere moves, it evens out differences in temperature between the chilly poles and warm equator. Warm air moves towards the poles and cold air towards the equator. Mainly Nitrogen, Oxygen as well as argon, carbon dioxide, helium and neon.
The atmosphere links with all other subsystems to influence the climate, trigger geological processes and affect life all over the earth.
It is the solid outer part of the earth which includes the brittle upper portion of the mantle and the crust, the outermost layers of Earth’s structure. The elasticity and ductility depends on temperature, stress and the curvature of the earth. Two types of lithosphere: Oceanic, Continental which are associated with the corresponding plates. The lithosphere is broken up into 15 major tectonic plates and most of the tectonic activity takes place on the boundary of these plates. The movement of tectonic plates is made possible the thermal energy from the mantle part of the lithosphere. The thermal energy makes the rocks of the lithosphere more elastic.
All the spheres interact to influence diverse elements like ocean salinity, biodiversity and landscape. The pedosphere is part of the lithosphere made of soil and dirt. The pedosphere is created by the interaction of all 5 subsystems. Enormous hard rocks of the lithosphere can be grounded to powder by the powerful movement of a glacier (cryosphere). It also interacts with atmosphere, hydrosphere and cryosphere to influence temperature differences on earth. For example: the mountain range of the lithosphere is interacting with the lower air pressure of the atmosphere and the snowy precipitation of the hydrosphere.
The biosphere is the layer of the planet Earth where life exists. This layer ranges from heights of up to 10km above sea level. Energy, provided as sun light, is captured by plants, some bacteria and protists, in photosynthesis. The captured energy transfer carbon dioxide into organic compounds such as sugars and produces oxygen.
The biosphere limits to the atmosphere as the atmosphere creates the environment in which all life exists and also the others which affect the geological processes. The oxygen is used for respiration.
Hydrosphere is the total amount of water on the planet which includes water on the surface of the planet,...