In William Golding's “Lord Of The Flies,” the theme of good versus evil is widespread throughout the text. William Golding has cleverly incorporated it throughout the story with his application of symbolism as a literary device. There are three significant pieces of evidence of symbolism depicting good or evil. The first being the Lord of the Flies itself, The second being the literal and symbolic meaning of Piggy’s glasses, and the third being the shocking and ultimately premature death of Simon. As Golding has taken such trouble in utilising this theme, it becomes plausible to the reader that this critical theme is overall worthy of our learning.
One paragon of good versus evil symbolism is the Lord of the Flies itself. “There was blackness within, a blackness which spread.” The Lord of the Flies, or in a literal sense, a pigs head on a spear, is symbolic of the continually expanding company of both the external and internal evil seen in the boys inhabiting the island. The readers can understand that the lord of flies is representing both internal and external evil as the description is in a physically revolting manner: “…blood blackening between the teeth.” “…a black blob of flies that buzzed like a saw.”
In addition to this, Simon has a hallucinatory exchange with the Lord of the Flies. This conversation in itself is remindful that the evil of the Lord of the Flies is existant inside Simon himself. The Lord of the Flies literal words “I’m part of you.” explicate this idea.
Not only this in the discussion, but the head also speaks in a profoundly unsettling way on a psychological level. It is condescending, deceptively kind, patronising and authoritative. Snippets of the conversation such as “Aren’t you just a silly little boy?” and “…so don’t try to escape!” “…or else” are all notable examples of this. All previous elements combine to confirm beyond doubt that the Lord of the Flies is a profoundly compelling symbol of evil. The alarming essence of this single part of the narrative compels the reader to ponder more in-depth about the conflict between good and evil that is becoming considerably obvious on the island. The care taken in pushing us to think more deeply about the theme convinces us more that the issue is compelling and relevant and thus valuable to study.
Another exemplification of symbolism portraying the contest of good versus evil is Piggy’s glasses. Piggy’s glasses embody what society thinks is order and intelligence. Golding cleverly uses the idea that the state that they’re in mirrors the state of the social law on the island.
The quote “Piggy’s glasses flew off and tinkled on the rocks.” is referring to Piggy’s glasses breaking. This incident is representative of the fact that corruption has begun to obtain the upper hand furthermore is approaching taking over wholly.
“He took off his glasses and looked for something with which to clean them.” In this quote, Piggy frequently has to wipe his glasses and this, also, is...