The Big Five model is broken down into five dimensions, including; openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. Openness includes those who are open to experience and are intellectually curious, they may also be open to emotion, and willing to try new things. Conscientiousness individuals display self-discipline, act loyally, and aim for achievement against measures or outside expectations. Additionally, it is related to the way in which individuals control, regulate and direct their impulses. Extraversion is related with ones engagement with the external world, introverts on the other hand have lower social engagement and energy levels. Agreeableness reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony, with agreeable individuals generally being considerate, kind, generous, trusting and helpful. Contrariwise, disagreeable individuals display a higher level of self-interest and a lower level of concern and socialisation with others. Neuroticism, often referred to as emotional instability, is where individuals experience negative emotions, including, anger, anxiety or depression.
A person’s personality trait can define who they are. Some can tell these traits by the way a person reacts to certain situations, personal or on the job. A person develop traits from the way they were raised and the environment that surrounded them. Everyone carries some type of personality trait, but no one carries any that are identical. Managers have personality traits just like everyone else. Traits are linked personally and indicates a person’s character. No one has the same feelings or thoughts. So it is vital for manager to understand their personal traits and figure a way to use them in management. These traits let managers respond differently to particular situations.
People that has a positive attitude and outlook on things and have confident in what they are and do has extraversion. Managers that have a high level of extraversion are considerable and outgoing. Of course, the extraversion personality trait can be directed to be a positive affect (Fayard, Roberts, Robbins, & Watson, 2012). When it comes to presenting new ideas to the boss, someone with a high level of extraversion would be the one for the job. Managers with an extraversion personality trait are very active, loves to be sociable, and works well under pressure. This is a good trait to have especially in the retail business (Gulati & Handa, 2014). Managers with a low level tends to shy away from being sociable and does not have positive thoughts. They lack in control and responsibilities that could lead to an unhappy life that has no direction to success (Fayard, Roberts, Robbins, & Watson, 2012).
Negative affectivity means exactly what it says – negative – these people has negative feelings and is very critical of other people including themselves. Managers with a high level of this trait is never satisfied and always moody. Managers can set off a v...