"For Whom The Bell Tolls" And Ernest Hemingway

2436 words - 10 pages

For Whom the Bell Tolls is a novel loosely based on Ernest Hemingway's own experiences in the Spanish Civil War in the 1930's. Before I delve into the book itself, I thought it would be best to give some background information on Ernest Hemingway and on the Spanish Civil war and the circumstances surrounding it. Hemingway was born July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois, and the second of six children. His father, Clarence Hemingway, was a physician and his mother was a devoutly religious woman with a talent for music. When he was young, Ernest acquired the nickname "champ," which he relished and felt it showed his rowdy, hard-nosed outdoor sense of adventure. He had garnered his fathe ...view middle of the document...

These vivid experiences provided the base for Hemingway's lifelong fascination with war. Surviving World War I, he later covered the Greek-Turkish War in 1920, World War II and the Spanish Civil War in 1937, the setting for For Whom the Bell Tolls. In 1928, Hemingway's father committed suicide. He did not reflect on this event in his writing until the thoughts of Robert Jordan, the main character in For Whom the Bell Tolls, in 1940. The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) followed the failure of a military rebellion to overthrow Spain's democratically elected government. The war divided Spain both geographically and ideologically and it brought to power General Francisco Franco who ruled Spain from the end of the war until his death in 1975. Following the Spanish American War (1898), Spain lost the remainder of its once great empire. This defeat greatly increased dissatisfaction and the demands for change grew. People disagreed on the changes needed, however and Spanish politics became dominated by factions. In 1936 the Republic was in power in Spain. A rebellion led by Francisco Franco and the Second Republic began and they received tremendous amounts of support from the people of Spain. They were known as the rebels. Robert Jordan fights on the side of the Loyalists in this novel, as did many Americans and other foreign volunteers, known as the International Brigades. As well as support from the people, the Second Republic had support from Germany and Italy. In the end these forces proved too much to handle for the weary Loyalists, and the war was lost to the Second Republic. For Whom the Bell Tolls is the story of Robert Jordan, an American college Spanish professor, fighting for "the cause" with the loyalists as an expert in demolition. It is written in startlingly crisp, concise prose (something which Hemingway was know for), and is meant to show the horrors and cruelty of war and the endurance which it requires. It is also a love story. The novel opens with a flashback of a conversation between Robert Jordan and General Golz, A Russian officer who is directing the forthcoming attack. We learn that Jordan is carrying explosives and that his mission is to blow up a bridge. Golz is interested in the offensive mainly as a military maneuver and he needs Jordan to blow up a bridge to hinder rebel reinforcements. He knows that Jordan will have to enlist the help of an antifascist guerrilla unit in the mountains and he is cynical because he feels that the Spaniards will only interfere. Ironically, this same cynicism is expressed when Jordan arrives at the guerrilla's hideout in the mountains. Pablo, the guerrilla leader, resents the fact that a foreigner has come to run the show for awhile. It puts Pablo in an inferior position where he is no longer the spokesman of the group. Irony is a major theme in this novel and is illustrated frequently in the thoughts and actions of its characters. Pablo is interested only in the safety of himself and his b...


the short happy life of Francis Macomber by Ernest Hemingway - ENGL 1302 - Literary Analysis

1223 words - 5 pages Senbetu 2 Firehiwot Senbetu Professor, Kaur, Manavpreet ENGL 1302 04/19/2018 The short Happy Life of Francis Macomber by Ernest Hemingway "Death is not the biggest fear we have; our biggest fear is taking the risk to be alive." Yet death is something that is inevitable, and for some shortcoming. In Ernest Hemingway's "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber," Francis Macomber deals with the humiliation of being a coward and the constant battle

Paper On Jonas Salk and the cure for polio

2842 words - 12 pages From the beginning of mankind, man has looked for cures of illness. Jonas Salk found acure for one of the worst illnesses in the history of man, polio. Jonas Salk's polio vaccinewas a great discovery of his time, and it is still being used today to eradicate polioworldwide. Dr. Salk is also known for other medical discoveries. He was a quiet manwho lived a rough childhood. He was not looking for fame, instead, it found him. Duringthe time before

WW1 The Reasons For Involvement And It's Key Players

1051 words - 5 pages WW1Though there are many causes for different countries to have entered World War I, some of the main reasons were heightened nationalism, economic interest through colonial rivalry, and a balance of power in Europe. Key players were the Central powers consisting of Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary; the Allies, a few of which were France, Great Britain and Russia.Europe was in the grip of nationalism in 1914. It was brought about by the

Can Computers Think? The Case For And Against Artificial Intelligence

1238 words - 5 pages iscapable of what we identify as thought. 3. Thought is the result of some sort ofmystical phenomena involving the soul and a whole slew of other unprovableideas. Since neither reader nor writer is a scientist, for all intents and purposes,we will say only that thought is what we (as homo sapien) experience.So what are we to consider intelligence? The most compellingargument is that intelligence is the ability to adapt to an environment

What Are The Major And Minor Harms For Self Tattooing??

437 words - 2 pages What are the major and minor harms for self tattooing?? What makes tattooing so bad that it is illegal until your 18?? People ask some interesting questions. As for the age requirements, it's like drinking, driveling a car, or anything else with an age restriction attached to it! A point I've always argued on this, there are 14 year olds today that have much better judgment that 21 year olds! Age doesn't automatically indicate maturity by no

A Letter To Teft Of The Book Bless The Beasts And The Children- Used For Ideas For Similar Assignment

331 words - 2 pages Free and the rest of the boys had stolen that white Chevy truck and had stopped to get some food. Some locals questioned why six "milk drinkers" would be out that late, so you and the rest of the boys left, only to be followed by the locals and almost run off the road. When you stopped, the locals noticed the car you were driving was wired. The locals said that they were going to call the police. You then pulled out the . 22 rifle you had taken from

A comparative essay for old man and the sea - RHHS/ English - essay

1965 words - 8 pages people who is born for victory. So be courage and go for adventures, a common people can be a real hero. Worked Cited Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Scribner, 1952. Print. The Secret Life of Walter Mitty. Directed by Ben Stiller, performances by Ben Stiller, Kristen Wiig, Sean Penn, and Shirley MacLaine, Samuel Goldwyn Films, 2013. Film.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of LEO and GEO orbits for Communications - American Public University/SPST501 - Essay

905 words - 4 pages LEO AND GEO 5 The Advantages and Disadvantages of LEO and GEO orbits for Communications John Fitzgerald Kennedy Moore American Public University System Running head: LEO AND GEO 1 Abstract When comparing the different orbits, it is important to understand the basics of the orbits. Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) and Low Earth Orbit (LEO) are two critical orbits that support communications satellites. What are the advantages and disadvantage of

Describe And Account For The Nature And Distribution Of Scandinavian Elements In English Place Names

2561 words - 11 pages Describe and account for the nature and distribution of Scandinavian elements in English place names.The influx of Danes and Norwegians during the ninth century was a major influence on English place names. In order to understand the Scandinavian element manifested in English place names we must take a brief look at the history of their influence upon England. A great period of unrest is thought to have occurred within the Scandinavian Peninsula

Abraham Lincoln and the Struggle for Union and Emancipation - Bridgewater Raritan High School; APUSH 1 - DBQ

698 words - 3 pages was an essential stepping stone in doing so. Lincoln exploited the Emancipation Proclamation, and the freeing of the slaved to work for the Union in crucial ways. He released the slaves solely because it would directly benefit the Union. Lincoln was successful in completing his primary goal of preserving the Union, while the freeing of the slaves was a simultaneous side effect.

A Psychological Essay On The Inclusion Of Sex Education For Both The Primary And Secondary Curriculum

4118 words - 17 pages young ones of today. Lets face it, we are no longer living in the old times. We are already in the 21st Century and it calls for change in the way we deal with things.That question can actually be answered easily but how can we be sure that they are the right one. Some qualifications or guidelines must be in place. Such guidelines that would help us to pinpoint the essential criteria in choosing.First, to whom would the students/children be more

The essay for AWS and the history of african american - Banner / aws - essay

970 words - 4 pages Free them coming of age as well as a warrior. This is called Eonoto. The goal is to keep a narrow posture while jumping as high as possible not touching their heels to the ground. The higher they go the higher the pitch of the music and chants get. At the end of the dance, they gain their warrior status and also get the option of choosing a bride. While this dance is for the boys and mean of the group, there are dances for women as well. For the Malinke

Theme for the Lord of the Flies - 10th Grade Lit and Comp - Novel Study

1188 words - 5 pages , blonde-haired, 12 year old boy that is decided as the leader of the kids. Ralph earns the respect of all the kids and is able to influence the boys. When it came to vote for chief, it was an almost unanimous decision to elect Ralph as chief. At first, Ralph was a naive boy who was very hopeful for their situation. He was very optimistic about everything that was to happen and when the kids started to feel overwhelmed as they learned that nobody

Why Our Universe Is The Best Laboratory For Understanding And Determining The Fundamental Physical Laws

2285 words - 10 pages Free laws that we have determined locally can apply to the rest of the universe? I am going to discuss why our universe is the best laboratory for understanding and determining the fundamental physical laws and then I will make an argument against this premise using dark matter, dark energy, Standard Candles, and Type 1a supernovae as a basis for discussion.A great reason why our universe is such a good laboratory is that everything is right in front of

Personal response on self determination and the need for hard work to find success - English - Essay

727 words - 3 pages dream would have been far from completed without his contribution. While Perce had the dream to travel on the Trans-Antarctic Expedition similar to Dr. King's dream they would have been unable achieve them without their own effort. Both while fight for their dreams were sought by many like Perces friend Billy question the credibility of Ernest Shackleton, the leader of the expedition. Perce doesn't let Billy's questions of safety and his own sanity