"For Whom The Bell Tolls" And Ernest Hemingway

2436 words - 10 pages

For Whom the Bell Tolls is a novel loosely based on Ernest Hemingway's own experiences in the Spanish Civil War in the 1930's. Before I delve into the book itself, I thought it would be best to give some background information on Ernest Hemingway and on the Spanish Civil war and the circumstances surrounding it. Hemingway was born July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois, and the second of six children. His father, Clarence Hemingway, was a physician and his mother was a devoutly religious woman with a talent for music. When he was young, Ernest acquired the nickname "champ," which he relished and felt it showed his rowdy, hard-nosed outdoor sense of adventure. He had garnered his father's ...view middle of the document...

These vivid experiences provided the base for Hemingway's lifelong fascination with war. Surviving World War I, he later covered the Greek-Turkish War in 1920, World War II and the Spanish Civil War in 1937, the setting for For Whom the Bell Tolls. In 1928, Hemingway's father committed suicide. He did not reflect on this event in his writing until the thoughts of Robert Jordan, the main character in For Whom the Bell Tolls, in 1940. The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) followed the failure of a military rebellion to overthrow Spain's democratically elected government. The war divided Spain both geographically and ideologically and it brought to power General Francisco Franco who ruled Spain from the end of the war until his death in 1975. Following the Spanish American War (1898), Spain lost the remainder of its once great empire. This defeat greatly increased dissatisfaction and the demands for change grew. People disagreed on the changes needed, however and Spanish politics became dominated by factions. In 1936 the Republic was in power in Spain. A rebellion led by Francisco Franco and the Second Republic began and they received tremendous amounts of support from the people of Spain. They were known as the rebels. Robert Jordan fights on the side of the Loyalists in this novel, as did many Americans and other foreign volunteers, known as the International Brigades. As well as support from the people, the Second Republic had support from Germany and Italy. In the end these forces proved too much to handle for the weary Loyalists, and the war was lost to the Second Republic. For Whom the Bell Tolls is the story of Robert Jordan, an American college Spanish professor, fighting for "the cause" with the loyalists as an expert in demolition. It is written in startlingly crisp, concise prose (something which Hemingway was know for), and is meant to show the horrors and cruelty of war and the endurance which it requires. It is also a love story. The novel opens with a flashback of a conversation between Robert Jordan and General Golz, A Russian officer who is directing the forthcoming attack. We learn that Jordan is carrying explosives and that his mission is to blow up a bridge. Golz is interested in the offensive mainly as a military maneuver and he needs Jordan to blow up a bridge to hinder rebel reinforcements. He knows that Jordan will have to enlist the help of an antifascist guerrilla unit in the mountains and he is cynical because he feels that the Spaniards will only interfere. Ironically, this same cynicism is expressed when Jordan arrives at the guerrilla's hideout in the mountains. Pablo, the guerrilla leader, resents the fact that a foreigner has come to run the show for awhile. It puts Pablo in an inferior position where he is no longer the spokesman of the group. Irony is a major theme in this novel and is illustrated frequently in the thoughts and actions of its characters. Pablo is interested only in the safety of himself and his band...

Other Essays On "For Whom The Bell Tolls" And Ernest Hemingway

Describe And Account For The Nature And Distribution Of Scandinavian Elements In English Place Names

2561 words - 11 pages Describe and account for the nature and distribution of Scandinavian elements in English place names.The influx of Danes and Norwegians during the ninth century was a major influence on English place names. In order to understand the Scandinavian element manifested in English place names we must take a brief look at the history of their influence upon England. A great period of unrest is thought to have occurred within the Scandinavian Peninsula

A Psychological Essay On The Inclusion Of Sex Education For Both The Primary And Secondary Curriculum

4118 words - 17 pages young ones of today. Lets face it, we are no longer living in the old times. We are already in the 21st Century and it calls for change in the way we deal with things.That question can actually be answered easily but how can we be sure that they are the right one. Some qualifications or guidelines must be in place. Such guidelines that would help us to pinpoint the essential criteria in choosing.First, to whom would the students/children be more

Why Our Universe Is The Best Laboratory For Understanding And Determining The Fundamental Physical Laws

2285 words - 10 pages laws that we have determined locally can apply to the rest of the universe? I am going to discuss why our universe is the best laboratory for understanding and determining the fundamental physical laws and then I will make an argument against this premise using dark matter, dark energy, Standard Candles, and Type 1a supernovae as a basis for discussion.A great reason why our universe is such a good laboratory is that everything is right in front of

In Your Opinion, What Is Most Responsible For The Tragedy In Romeo And Juliet?

1663 words - 7 pages There are three key areas that we can look at to see what factors were most responsible for the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet. These are Fate and Destiny, Circumstances and Characters. These factors should cover the broad spectrum of causes and factors that contribute and perhaps be the most influential in the culmination of the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet.The first group of factors that I am going to look at is the interference of Fate and

The Glorious Revolution And Its Importance As A Precedent For The Subsequent Revolutions Of The 17th And 18th Centuries And The Shaping Of Democracy

926 words - 4 pages pursue and advocate a liberal political system that would initially provide for their own interests, but eventually the challenge to the autonomy of the aristocracy. This created a relentless pursuit by the masses for a liberal mass democracy and individual rights. In comparison to other events, the Glorious Revolution was integral in paving the way toward a working democracy.The Glorious Revolution was integral in the development of democracy as it

A Small Article For Journalism About Walter Cronkite And His Bias During The Vietnam War

309 words - 2 pages ." His father immediately moved the family, and Walter's view of injustice would be forever changed.On the reporting front, he was known as "the most trusted man in America" and while he served 18 years as the lead anchor of the "CBS Evening News." Cronkite gained recognition for the first time during World War II as he reported from the fields of war. As a correspondent for the United, Walter reported on forces landing in Sicily and North Africa, the

Development Of Pre-Dried And Blended Lime Mortars For The Ready-Mix Market

2747 words - 11 pages materials that is experienced during mixing of mortar on site. Health and safety on site is improved, as worker’s direct contact with the mortar is reduced.Wet ready-to-use mortars are stored in tubs on site and require no further mixing. They have a retarding agent, which makes them fully usable for a certain period of time, normally around 36 hours.Dry ready-to-use mortars are stored in silos or bags. Silos are delivered to site complete

Our Documents Paper. List The Merits Of Obamacare For Individuals, Families And Small Businesses

1280 words - 6 pages which allows individuals to compare Health Plans that include all the new benefits, rights and protections, which are cost assistance to individuals, families and small businesses through the marketplace, no annual or lifetime limits on healthcare, insurance companies cannot drop you when you are sick or for making a mistake on your application, individuals cannot be denied coverage for pre-existing conditions, the right to quickly appeal any

Main Contributing Factors For The Success Of Hong Kong In Attracting And Sustaining New Start Companies

7203 words - 29 pages INTRODUCTIONOrganisations have a perfect 'habitat' where they will flourish and environments in which they will fail . Business type, potential customers and resources will limit the choice of suitable location . Success lies in identifying which location falls under which category. "Choosing the right location can be one of the most important business decisions that you will make" . Hall stresses location importance when searching for

How Does Baz Luhrmann's Gain Sympathy For Romeo And Juliet And Engage The Interest Of A Modern Audience?

936 words - 4 pages dancing with Paris, is mainly fixed on Romeo, clearly showing that she feels much more for him than for Paris, whom her mother wishes Juliet to marry.When Juliet and Paris have finished dancing, Romeo pulls Juliet away from the crowd and this is where their shared sonnet begins. Throughout Baz Luhrmann's production, some lines from Shakespeare's original play have been cut to be more fitting to the production, but Romeo and Juliet's sonnet is kept

Gender Roles: Describe The Gender Roles In "A Rose For Emily" And "Papas Waltz" In Their Respective Stories

925 words - 4 pages For many years society has embraced the idea that the difference between men and women were biologically determined. Thou through traditions, media, and peers we act accordingly to how others view us. Each individual has pressure placed upon them based on their gender. Our sex is determined by genetics while our gender is programmed by social customs. Some theories interpret that a women is tender and a loving mother while on the other hand men

Similar Papers

Ww1 The Reasons For Involvement And It's Key Players

1051 words - 5 pages WW1Though there are many causes for different countries to have entered World War I, some of the main reasons were heightened nationalism, economic interest through colonial rivalry, and a balance of power in Europe. Key players were the Central powers consisting of Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary; the Allies, a few of which were France, Great Britain and Russia.Europe was in the grip of nationalism in 1914. It was brought about by the

Can Computers Think? The Case For And Against Artificial Intelligence

1238 words - 5 pages iscapable of what we identify as thought. 3. Thought is the result of some sort ofmystical phenomena involving the soul and a whole slew of other unprovableideas. Since neither reader nor writer is a scientist, for all intents and purposes,we will say only that thought is what we (as homo sapien) experience.So what are we to consider intelligence? The most compellingargument is that intelligence is the ability to adapt to an environment

What Are The Major And Minor Harms For Self Tattooing??

437 words - 2 pages What are the major and minor harms for self tattooing?? What makes tattooing so bad that it is illegal until your 18?? People ask some interesting questions. As for the age requirements, it's like drinking, driveling a car, or anything else with an age restriction attached to it! A point I've always argued on this, there are 14 year olds today that have much better judgment that 21 year olds! Age doesn't automatically indicate maturity by no

A Letter To Teft Of The Book Bless The Beasts And The Children Used For Ideas For Similar Assignment

331 words - 2 pages and the rest of the boys had stolen that white Chevy truck and had stopped to get some food. Some locals questioned why six "milk drinkers" would be out that late, so you and the rest of the boys left, only to be followed by the locals and almost run off the road. When you stopped, the locals noticed the car you were driving was wired. The locals said that they were going to call the police. You then pulled out the . 22 rifle you had taken from