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General Overview Of Schizophrenia Essay

635 words - 3 pages

Schizophrenia is a disorder that can affect anyone. It is the greatest disorder that effects teenagers. There are one million to two million people have long-term schizophrenia, and 100,000-200,000 people become schizophrenic every year. In addition, about fifty percent of people in hospital psychiatric care have schizophrenia.There are many possible causes for the disorder, and many doctors believe that there is more than one cause. What is thought to be the main cause is a chemical imbalance in the brain. This could be an imbalance in the number of neurotransmitters and/or an imbalance in the amount of dopamine. The exact cause(s) of schizophrenia remains unknown at this time. However, both nonbiological (psychological) and biological (genetic, chemical imbalances) factors are thought to be involved. As technology allows disorders of the brain to be further defined, biological causes are becoming better understood. ...view middle of the document...

Undifferentiated schizophrenia has symptoms of many types of schizophrenia, but not enough to be any of those types. Next, residual schizophrenia is when a person has at least one episode of schizophrenia, but has not shown the necessary symptoms to be diagnosed with a particular schizophrenia. The active symptoms of schizophrenia must be present at least 6 months in a patient in order for the patient to be diagnosed with schizophrenia. Those are the main types of schizophrenias and their symptoms.Psychosis is a condition of the mind with delusions and hallucinations. People who have psychoses are not aware of what they are experiencing and or that what they believe is not real. Schizophrenia is a psychosis. Thus, the main symptom of schizophrenia is the inability of the person to separate the real from the unreal. As stress starts to build and the symptoms get worse there is often a decline in work achievements along with declining of relations with others. Because these symptoms might start off very minor, it is mostly the families that notice them first. Thus it is up to the family to insist on a professional assessment of the person in question.Families also must play a key role in watching over the patient while they are undergoing treatments that usually consist taking medication in different amount until the proper amount is found. Any hostility in the home should be eliminated. It has been shown through many studies that involving families in the care of a schizophrenic person leads to better results in their condition.Treatment is usually done using antipsychotic medications and sedation as first resorts. There are many different forms of these drugs, and it is up to the professional doctor on which ones they prescribe. Most of these medications take 2-4 weeks to take effect.Schizophrenia is a dangerous mental illness that affects many people. The causes of it are still being debated, although there is lots of promising research. Many symptoms have already been identified and classified so that doctors can better make a diagnosis. In addition, new technology is allowing for better drugs to be made in order to help treat this mental illness.

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