Globalisasi Kpop Essay

4524 words - 19 pages

BAB IIPEMBAHASAN2.1. Konsep GlobalisasiUntuk memahami istilah dan pengertian globalisasi, terlebih dahulu kita perlu mengetahui asal kata istilah globalisasi. Istilah globalisasi berasal dari bahasa Inggris yakni "globe" yang berarti dunia atau bola dunia. Apakah yang dimaksud globalisasi? Globalisasi merupakan suatu proses menuju lingkup dunia. Dengan demikian globalisasi dapat diartikan sebagai proses mendunia, dimana semua peristiwa baik ekonomi, politik maupun budaya yang terjadi disatu belahan dunia dapat mempengaruhi kehidupan masyarakat di seluruh dunia.Globalisasi dapat juga disebut suatu proses dimana hubungan sosial dan saling ketergantungan antarmanusia di dunia ini semakin besar. ...view middle of the document...

Globalisasi membuat suatu kenyataan bahwa kehidupan dunia menjadi satu kesatuan dalam "satu dunia", yang membuat sebuah desa global (global village) dengan kehidupan manusia secara individu, kelompok, atau bangsa-bangsa menjadi saling ketergantungan (interdependency) dalam semua aspek kehidupan. Singkatnya, perkembangan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi membuat ruang lingkup interaksi antar manusia di seluruh dunia semakin menyempit.Ada beberapa ciri yang menandakan semakin berkembangnya fenomena globalisasi di dunia. Pertama adalah perubahan dalam konsep ruang dan waktu. Perkembangan barang-barang seperti telepon genggam, televisi satelit, dan internet menunjukkan bahwa komunikasi global terjadi demikian cepatnya, sementara melalui pergerakan massa semacam turisme memungkinkan kita merasakan banyak hal dari budaya yang berbeda.Kedua, pasar dan produksi ekonomi di negara-negara yang berbeda menjadi saling bergantung sebagai akibat dari pertumbuhan perdagangan internasional, peningkatan pengaruh perusahaan multinasional, dan dominasi organisasi semacam World Trade Organization (WTO).Ciri lainnya yaitu meningkatan interaksi kultural melalui perkembangan media massa (terutama televisi, film, musik, dan transmisi berita dan olah raga internasional). saat ini, kita dapat mengonsumsi dan mengalami gagasan dan pengalaman baru mengenai hal-hal yang melintasi beraneka ragam budaya, misalnya dalam bidang fashion, literatur, dan makanan. Serta meningkatnya masalah bersama, misalnya pada bidang lingkungan hidup, krisis multinasional, inflasi regional dan lain-lain.Kennedy dan Cohen menyimpulkan bahwa "transformasi ini telah membawa kita pada globalisme, sebuah kesadaran dan pemahaman baru bahwa dunia adalah satu". Giddens menegaskan bahwa "kebanyakan dari kita sadar bahwa sebenarnya diri kita turut ambil bagian dalam sebuah dunia yang harus berubah tanpa terkendali yang ditandai dengan selera dan rasa ketertarikan akan hal sama, perubahan dan ketidakpastian, serta kenyataan yang mungkin terjadi". Sejalan dengan itu, Peter Drucker menyebutkan "globalisasi sebagai zaman transformasi sosial".Globalisasi berlangsung di semua bidang kehidupan seperti bidang ideologi, politik, ekonomi, sosial budaya, pertahanan keamanan dan lain- lain. Sekarang ini, perkembangan teknologi begitu cepat sehingga segala informasi dengan berbagai bentuk dan kepentingan dapat tersebar luas ke seluruh dunia. Oleh karena itu globalisasi tidak dapat dihindari kehadirannya.2.1.1 GLOBALISASI KEBUDAYAANKata "globalisasi" diambil dari kata global, yang maknanya ialah universal. Globalisasi dipandang sebagai suatu proses sosial, atau proses sejarah, atau proses alamiah yang akan membawa seluruh bangsa dan negara di dunia makin terikat satu sama lain, mewujudkan satu tatanan kehidupan baru dengan menyingkirkan batas-batas geografis, ekonomi dan budaya masyarakat. Kemudian pengertian dari kebudayaan itu sendiri adalah sesuatu yang akan mempengaruhi tingkat pengetahuan dan meliputi sistem idea...

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