Governmental Role In Pharmacy Paper

1885 words - 8 pages

The pharmaceutical industry has produced many drugs that have benefited man. Political frameworks designed to govern the industry must maintain these benefits, however, regulation needs to be adequately strong enough to protect public health from drugs that are unsafe, ineffective, or unnecessary. The extent of industry over drug regulation, at the expense of other interested parties, suggests that the current system could be tougher. In addition, every president and presidential candidate develops new prescription plans to help earn themselves votes from the public. Through the years after election, many of these plans drastically change, and often presidents find it is hard to ple ...view middle of the document...

(Zwillich) While the generics industry has grown rapidly since 1984, its share of us prescriptions has remained around forty percent for several years. Generics firms blame this market share stagnation on innovator tactics to delay generic entry into the marketplace. Brand-name companies counter that they are following sound business practices in protecting their patents rights, and that strong intellectual property protection is critical. (Wechsler)Currently, drug makers and consumer groups are reacting to the news that the federal trade regulator are urging Congress to pass a law that could tilt the prescription drug market away from brand-name pharmaceuticals toward lower cost generics. The recommendations that were issued by the Federal Trade Commission, or the FTC, are the latest in the ongoing debate over rising prescription drug prices and the continued bickering over how to add a prescription drug benefit to the federal Medicare program. They also represent a setback for brand-name drug makers, who are fighting to keep lawmakers from changing existing drug patent laws in a way that could make it easier for generic competitors to increase their market share. (Zwillich)The FDA is establishing guidelines as well now regarding traditional Chinese medicines that will ensure public safety yet will not require herbals to be removed from the market. Botanical drug product regulation, approval applications, and over the counter regulations are discussed as well as corporate strategies to apply technology and modern science to the traditional Chinese medicines. This is just another example of how the government is currently involving themselves in the world of pharmaceuticals. (Yuan) Also, there are new pharmaceutical developments occurring that involve state regulations. Vermont Governor, Howard Dean, signed a legislations requiring pharmaceutical companies to report all gifts valued at or above twenty five dollars, except drug samples, given to physicians by company representatives. The state expects to post the gift on the internet each year. The hope is that the public disclosure will discourage physicians from accepting the gifts. (Medical Benefits) The reason why the Vermont government is doing this is simple. Gift from drug reps are seen by many health care advocates as having too much influence over doctors' prescribing decisions; they believe the gifts encourage doctors to prescribe newer, more-expensive drugs, which drives up health care costs. (Abraham)In general, the pharmaceutical is the main manufacturer of drugs with an estimated annual worldwide budget for drug development of six billion dollars. Pharmaceutical companies want the safety and efficacy standards of regulators to be high enough to avoid frequent drug disasters, but not so high that they threaten their commercial viability. (Abraham)Bush is trying to reach a medium between the companies and consumers because of this. Bush first unveiled his plans in 2000. It was a ...


Paper On Financial Effects And Constraints

1336 words - 6 pages The practice of pharmacy is a vital part of a complete health care system. The number of people requiring health care services has steadily increased, and this trend will likely continue. Due to many of society's changing social and health issues, men and women in pharmacy will face new challenges, expanded responsibilities, and an ever-increasing growth in opportunities.Some of these issues include increases in average life span and the

Wal-Mart Automated Training And Assessment System

4205 words - 17 pages Entrepreneur Sam Walton opened his first Wal-Mart store in the small Arkansas town of Rogers in 1962. The past four decades have seen Wal-Mart grow into not only the world's largest retailer, but also the largest employer in the United States with the exception of the U.S. Government (fundinguniverse, 2008). Wal-Mart's product line has expanded to include toiletries, clothing, toys, electronics, furniture, house wares, pharmacy service, and in

classical conservatism and liberalism - pos1001 - essay

485 words - 2 pages Free don’t consider myself as a total liberal nor a conservative, I mostly see some good in both parties; hence, I see myself as a moderate. As I grow up, I have experienced different stages of my understanding of political ideologies, especially the political system in my own country. Coming from Haiti, a country with political, social and economic issues, I have observed how the masse would answer to political ideologies, precisely governmental actions

Assignment On GSK Parmaceuticals

7705 words - 31 pages two years ago. Areas that received high scores included business ethics, with 92% of managers reporting that they understand how the GSK Code of Conduct applies to their job responsibilities, pride in the company and clarity about how their role is aligned with GSK's wider strategy and mission.Pharmaceuticals competitionThe pharmaceutical industry is highly competitive. GlaxoSmithKline's principal competitors are large international pharmaceutical

a role of government in policy making - texas government - essay

732 words - 3 pages Chapter 5 &11 Campaigns and Elections Political campaigns are exceptionally huge in American governmental issues and decisions. It is the period before the electorate settles on political choices as elections. The consideration of the citizens towards governmental issues increases as the date of the elections moves close. The striking nature of voters improves as the election date moves close and could show as expanded media consideration

The Effects Of Lead Poison On Children

2547 words - 11 pages Free access of either of these programs most libraries have many books and periodicals that cover this subject. Other programs that stay informed on this issue can be found governmental agencies such as the Alliance to End Childhood Lead Poisoning, located in Washington D.C.. This Alliance staff offers technical assistance and will help clubs find local contacts who can offer expert advice for local preventing program. Materials and requests are also

A mobilized war in World War one - HST 101 - Essay

1242 words - 5 pages Free governmental control leading nations into mobilizing the war effort as far as their colonies abroad, and technological warfare are new ideas introduced in this total war of the world. Aerial bombardment was a new fear of the First World War. It was the first conflict in which the aircrafts were involved other than just surveillance and played a significant role in combat. However, it blurred the lines between homefront lines and the frontlines of battle

Japanese Government up to 1160 CE - Traditional East Asian History - Essay

915 words - 4 pages shifts in power structures, shifting the role of Emperor to a largely ceremonial position. Following the period of violence precipitated by the overthrow of the Soga clan, Temmu’s wide-reaching reforms of the Japanese state firmly positioned itself as a central authority modeled after Chinese rule (Huffman, 19). These reforms included a new conscription-based national military, ranking of clans based on their relation to the Chrysanthemum Throne, a

What is Politics in Defence of Politics by Bernard Crick? - University First Year - Essay

1013 words - 5 pages activities. Schwarzmantel, in contrast, believes that politics deals with the “activities of a politician” and their “struggle for power.” (Schwarzmantel, Structures of Power, 1993) Power plays a crucial role in the definition of politics for all three authors. Though the authors may not agree on the primary definition of politics, all admit to the importance power plays in any political activity. About power, Schwarzmantel states, following Webber, that

Essay on the Guarani People

1141 words - 5 pages governmental aid. To engage indigenous knowledge in development, it is vital to go past indigenous vs. scientific and work towards a greater self- sufficiency that will co-exist harmoniously with cultural practices for the Guarani of Paraguay.Indigenous knowledge is the local wisdom that is distinctive to the culture. In the Guarani tribe of Paraguay, it is passed from generation to generation, through storytelling in Topian; the main language spoken by

Balance of Powers between the executive and parliament - Politics - Essay

1291 words - 6 pages committees make up a significant role of the governmental process and provide an important part in scrutinising the UK political system. However, committees which are subject to partisan whipping show how the balances of power are greatly shifted over to the Executive. Some may see holding the government accountable based on political party lines as undemocratic. In addition, the opposition is in a minority and is highly unlikely to see any of its

Balance of Powers between the executive and parliament - Politics - Essay

1291 words - 6 pages committees make up a significant role of the governmental process and provide an important part in scrutinising the UK political system. However, committees which are subject to partisan whipping show how the balances of power are greatly shifted over to the Executive. Some may see holding the government accountable based on political party lines as undemocratic. In addition, the opposition is in a minority and is highly unlikely to see any of its

This Essay Covers Different Aspects Of Censorship Such As School Sex Censorship, Book Censorship And Even Library Censorship. Includes References And Standard MLA

3756 words - 16 pages .In today's plethora of the information age, censorship has become a prime issue for debate and concern in arenas such as books, music, the media and especially, the Internet. The role of Governmental Censorship is an ever-evolving one where one must pose the question of who is in control? As a result, censorship is a very controversial topic in which not many maintain a neutral stance. The difficulty lies in being able to establish a boundary

C304 Task 1 Professional Roles and Values - WGU C304 - Assignment

4432 words - 18 pages devices to assure that the patient is not harmed when these items are used in nursing practice. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration, 2017). The FDA influences my role in advocacy by helping the public get scientific-based information on innovations that could contribute to improving quality of life, prevent disease or make existing treatments safer, more efficient, and more affordable. (FDA, 2017) Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services influence

Theories in Public Administration re policy making - TSU/Theories in PA - Memo

1180 words - 5 pages developing policy for a number of years. (Paul Cairney, p. 1) Political systems theory is “The political system, as Easton defines it, comprises those identifiable and interrelated institutions and activities (what we usually think of as governmental institutions and political processes) in a society that make authoritative allocations of values (decisions) that are binding on society. The environment consists of all phenomena—the social system, the