How may habituation, classical and operant conditioning adversely affect the development of good study habits? Propose a set of ideas that may make studying more effective, showing clearly the theoretical basis for expecting each idea to become effective.
Habituation itself is a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated viewings/presentations. E.G. at first, a new ringtone will grab your attention however overtime, it becomes normal so you pay less attention to it/ don’t respond to the stimulus.
Characteristics of Habituation:
If habituation stimulus isn’t there for a long period of time, spontaneous recovery occurs and a decrease in response to stimulus stops.
Frequent stimulus = faster habituation
Intense stimuli = slower habituation
E.G. car alarm
Changing intensity or duration = spontaneous recovery [endnoteRef:1] [1: (Cherry, 2018)Effects on studying (using phobias)Pedagophobia – fear of teachers (due to teacher bullying)Majumder (Mazumdar) 1975 – used reciprocal inhibition to treat a 14-year old adolescent (Jena, 2008 )Didaskaleinophobia – fear of school “Another cause of school refusal could be bullying. Perhaps there is a specific reason that your child would refuse to go school such as being picked on, or avoiding a confrontation or fight. It can be difficult for a child’s mind to find perspective when their friends turn on them, or they are being humiliated by a bully.”(Schwartz, n.d.)Internal factor of ‘teacher labelling’ is a form of bullying. In other words, teachers have a view/criteria of what their ‘ideal’ pupil (BECKER) is and some may choose to give more attention to children who fit that quota, whereas others (NOT ALL) choose to pick on them. E.G. Teachers think they know a pupil after a choices of behaviour Sets criteria Difficult...