History Of Humanistic Theory Williane Charles Longwood - Research Paper

3409 words - 14 pages

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY

"History of Humanistic Theory Williane Charles Longwood"

Humanistic psychology is the study of an individual's potential. It holds an optimistic view of human nature, the belief that people are innately good. Abraham Maslow is the father of humanistic psychology. He developed the concepts of self-actualization and hierarchy of needs. Rollo May and Carl Rogers are both influential in humanistic psychology. Humanistic psychology influenced the field of positive psychology. Martin Seligman is the father of positive psychology, and he discovered the concept of learned helplessness.

Keywords: Humanistic psychology, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Rollo May, positive psychology, Martin Seligman, History of Humanistic Psychology is closely associated with Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Rollo May.

Humanistic psychology started as a reaction against and critique of behavioral psychology and Freudian psychoanalysis. According to humanistic psychology, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism are pessimistic and do not emphasize free will. Humanistic psychology holds a positive view of human nature. It focuses on individual free will, potential, and self-actualization.

Development of Humanistic Psychology Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow was born on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn, New York. He was the eldest of seven children to Jewish immigrants from Russia (Engel, 2014). He did not have the ideal home environment. His father was a womanizer, drunk, and extremely judgmental of him. His father would constantly degrade his appearance, thus negatively distorting his self-image. Unfortunately, his mother treated him worse than his father. Her children were malnourished; she kept a bolted lock on the refrigerator door. Maslow loathed his mother and perceived her as being distant and unaffectionate. Later in his adulthood, Maslow refused to interact with his mother. He did not attend her funeral, but he reconciled with his father.
Although Maslow's parents were uneducated, they pushed their children to excel academically. Maslow felt isolated during childhood because he was the only Jewish boy in his neighborhood. He took refuge in books. With the encouragement of his parents, Maslow decided to study law at City College of New York. Then he attended graduate school at the University of Wisconsin to earn a master's degree in psychology. While attending the University of Wisconsin, he met Harry Harlow. Harry Harlow instructed him on experimental psychology. His doctoral dissertation was titled The Role of Dominance in the Social and Sexual Behaviour of Infra-human Primates (Kermally, 2005).

In 1937, Maslow accepted a job offered by Brooklyn College. There he became a mentee of Alfred Adler (Engel, 2014). While working there, he met many intellectuals, such as Ruth Benedict, an anthropologist, and a Gestalt psychologist named Max Wertheimer. Maslow used these two people to develop his theories on human potential and psychologi...

More like History Of Humanistic Theory Williane Charles Longwood - Research Paper

Evolution Of Charles Darwin Essay - Biology - Research Paper

5167 words - 21 pages ... . The minute a person steps off any of the tourist trails created by the Galápagos National Park Service and heads into the untamed interior of one of these islands, there is the risk of death under the intense, equatorial sun. On Santa Cruz Island, where the Charles Darwin Research Station is located, 17 people have disappeared since 1990. Most were subsequently found alive after having become hopelessly lost in dense underbrush and rugged ...

History Of Atomic Theory Essay

706 words - 3 pages ... are stuctureless points, which exhibit repelling and attracting forces on each other, depending on distance. John Dalton used the atomic theory to explain why gases always combine in simple ratios. It was with Amedeo Avogadro's work, in the 19th century, that scientists began to distinguish atoms and molecules. In modern times atoms have been observed experimentally.A BRIEF HISTORY OF ATOMIC THEORY DEVELOPMENTYear Milestone ...

Research Paper Comparing The Out-of-africa Theory, And The Multiregional Theory

1265 words - 6 pages ... of migrants founded a new population" (Balter, M. 2007). Scientists in support of this model also sought evidence through the osteology of fossils. Research showed that "archaic human skulls resemble modern skulls from the same region to the extent that appeared to be incompatible with the [Out-of-Africa] theory" (Salter, F. K. , 2007). Lastly, researchers from the University of Cambridge "analyzed 4666 male skulls from 105 worldwide populations ...

Theory To Practice - First-generation College Students - University Of Wisconsin Oshkosh/theory Class - Research Paper

3471 words - 14 pages ... process college students face through three different stages: moving in, moving through, moving out (1995). The day after Dr. Teniente-Matoson’s report about FCGS was published, the president of the newly built community college has instructed the newly hired Access and Retention Director, THEORY TO PRACTICE 3 Cesar Mendoza, to do further research on how to support FCGS. The president asked that after the first school year, a mandatory assessment ...

Research Paper On The History Of Oceanography

3099 words - 13 pages ... any obvious land. Atolls occur mainly in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, rising abruptly from the deep seas.A few centuries ago scientist were puzzled to find coral atolls in the deep oceans with no land visible because they knew that the corals could only grow in shallow. The naturalist Charles Darwin during his voyage on HMS Begal from 1831 to 1836, examined the number of atolls and put forth a theory for their formation. He suggested that a ...

Affortable Care Act Mental Coverage - St Charles Community College - Research Paper

5081 words - 21 pages ... long have been neglected in the United States. The healthcare workforce is largely unprepared, in numbers and expertise, to confront the specific mental health needs of our aging population (Eden et al., 2012). Even clinicians lacking training in geriatrics have been unable to provide adequate mental health services to our aging population due to a long history of disparity in insurance coverage for physical and mental health treatments. The ...

Impacts On The Invention Of The Plane - History - Research Paper

468 words - 2 pages ... Stalkfleet Kiley Stalkfleet CBA Paper Moeller 5 12/1/17 Impacts on the Invention of the Plane There are many impacts on the Invention of the plane. The Wright Brothers, Wilbur and Orville, are responsible for aviation. The airplane is the most influential invention of all time. Airplanes have made traveling times change from months to just hours. The most obvious social impact from the development of airplanes is the reduction of travel time. “A ...

Antibiotics: A History Of Common Antibiotics - Biology 101 - Research Paper

3017 words - 13 pages ... . OrthoBullets, https://www.orthobullets.com/basic-science/9059/antibiotic-classification-and-mechanism. Accessed 16 Feb 2018. 2 Antibiotics. National Health Services (UK), https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/antibiotics/. Accessed 16 Feb 2018. Aminov, Rustam I. “A Brief History of the Antibiotic Era: Lessons Learned and Challenges for the Future.” US National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health, 8 Dec 2010, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov ...

Contemporary Democratic Theory On Populism - Virginia Tech - Research Paper

913 words - 4 pages ... throughout history has never been able to be reconciled with a class base. Even with studying the rhetoric of popular populist politicians and the study of income brackets, there is little empirical evidence to generalize every populist movement is fueled by resentment, fear, or friend enemy thinking, and it is reductionist to think that it is exclusive of populism. Psychological perspectives tend to confirm instead the view people take of ...

A Short History Of Bread Growth In American History. - Class - Research Paper

5741 words - 23 pages ... 9 The True Significance of Bread In America Comment by CSS: __________= good information[ ]= rephraseNo!= wrong?= confusing/awkwardForgot page numbers!! Ashley Ojeda February 22th, 2019 4th period Xipolitas Introduction: Bread, when first thought about, is seen as just as a mixture of flour, water, yeast, and salt. Yet, bread holds such a firmer significance in the culture and society of today’s America. This paper will review the creation of ...

The Methodological Choice Of Using Crosswords To Enable Further Learning Of Archaeological Practice. - History - Research Paper

1350 words - 6 pages ... work of the Archaeologist in determining the age profile of an artefact and the specific details of safely uncovering the artefacts. With further reference to the exams and areas where this topic is likely to come up, it is interesting to note the appearance of An Archaeologist at Work in the 2015 paper. Given the marks available for a People in History question, (20marks x2) it is absolutely essential, and exceptionally possible for students to ...

Brief History And Description Of Psychoanalysis - College And Career Writing - Research Paper

1280 words - 6 pages ... 6 PSYCHOANALYSIS Psychoanalysis Andrew Ellerbee Pius X High School The human psyche is one of the most complex yet fragile system found in nature. It constantly stores information in both the conscious and subconscious mind, forming the mental prowess and personality of every person on the planet. To try and understand this complex feature of the mind Psychiatrists have created the treatment/theory of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis allows ...

The Working Class Of The Industrial Revolution - History 202 - Research Paper

1082 words - 5 pages Free ... middle class during the Industrial Revolution and for the future. Works Cited Hirschman, Charles, and Elizabeth Mogford. “Immigration and the American Industrial Revolution From 1880 to 1920.” Social Science Research, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 Dec. 2009, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760060/. Hopkins, Eric. "Working Hours and Conditions during the Industrial Revolution: A Re-Appraisal." ["Economic History Review"]. Economic History ...

Marxist-leninism In Cuba - History - Research Paper

2304 words - 10 pages ... Research Question: To what extent did Fidel Castro implement Marxist-Leninism into Cuba? IB subject: Contemporary History The investigation will evaluate Fidel Castro's role in implementing Marxist-Leninism into Cuba, thus creating the ideology of Castroism. Marxist-Leninism, also known as Castroism or Fidelism in Cuba, is the political, economic, and social principles of Fidel Castro. By analyzing the ways in which Marxist theories and ...

A Look Back In Time, Over The Course Of A 100 Years - History - Research Paper

908 words - 4 pages ... ACCUSATIONS OF ANNE HUTCHINSON Elena Miller History 1301: United States History I December 6, 2017 In 1637, Anne Hutchinson was taken to trial and banished from her colony for speaking her mind about her take on the Puritan religion and its rights of salvation through the Covenant of Grace. As Anne battled John Winthrop in her case, she was faced with the decision of how her future would be determined by the outcome of her trial. She faced ...