History Of Space Exploration - Essay

1248 words - 5 pages

History of Space Exploration

There are many events and missions that have happened over the course of the history of space exploration. Such as the Apollo Program, the Mars Rover, and missions to Pluto/Venus. There is also how we observe (i. e. self, telescopes, and observatories, and the Solar System), and astronomers and what they discovered.

The Apollo Program began in the year of 1963 and lasted through to 1972. It was designed to land humans on the moon and bring them safely back to the earth. Six of the missions, Apollo 11-17, achieved this goal. Apollo 7 and 9 were earth-orbiting missions to test the command and lunar modules. Apollo 8 and 10 tested various components while orbiting the moon. Apollo 13 did not land on the moon due to a malfunction. The six missions that landed on the moon returned a wealth of scientific data. The Mars rover officially launched on November 26, 2011, and landed on August 5, 2012. The primary mission and scientific goal was to search for and characterize a wide range of rocks and soils that held clues to past water activity on Mars. There is currently a rover making its way to Pluto but it has not made it quite yet. It was launched on January 19, 2006. Its mission is to help scientists answer basic questions about the surface properties, geology, interior makeup, and atmosphere of Pluto. It has gathered a great deal of information about other planets as it passed through on the way to Pluto.

Many important events happened and are still happening now in the course of space exploration. It all began in the year of 1957 when the Soviet Union launched the first satellite, Sputnik, into space. January 1958, Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the United States. In 1960, two dogs were launched into space by China and became the first living things to survive a trip into space. The next year, Russian Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space, and President Kennedy challenged the country to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. 1962, John Glen became the first American in orbit. Four years later, the Russian spacecraft Luna 9 became the first spacecraft on the moon, and a couple of months later, Surveyor 1 became the first American spacecraft on the moon. Two years after that, the Soviet spacecraft Zond 5 was launched and later became the first spacecraft to orbit the moon and return back to Earth. Three months later, Apollo 8 was launched, and her crew members became the first men to orbit the moon. On July 20th, 1969, During the Apollo 11 mission, Neil Armstrong and "Buzz Aldrin became the first men on the moon. During the next two years, Apollo 13 was launched, and a moon rover was driven to the surface of the moon for the first time. In 1973, the U. S. launched its first space station, Skylab. In December 1993, the space shuttle Endeavor made the first servicing mission of the Hubble Space Telescope. 2003, NASA launched the largest diameter infrared telescope ever in space, ...

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