History Of The National Health Service. Learn Direct Access To Higher Education, Health Studies. Academic Poster

3458 words - 14 pages

A History Of The NHS.A History Of The NHS.
Factors leading to the creation of the modern NHS and how it has responded to changes in funding and Factors leading to the creation of the modern NHS and how it has responded to changes in funding and the demands placed upon it demands placed upon it..
Stephen McClusky, AHE (Health Studies) 12/05/2019.Stephen McClusky, AHE (Health Studies) 12/05/2019.
Prior to the 1880s, The ‘Poor Laws’ created during the reign Prior to the 1880s, The ‘Poor Laws’ created during the reign
of Elizabeth the 1st in 1601, were the only attempt to make of Elizabeth the 1st in 1601, were the only attempt to make
conditions for the destitute better. conditions for the destitute better. (The National Archives, (The National Archives,
2019). 2019). This was regarded as the framework for poor relief in This was regarded as the framework for poor relief in
England until the creation of the 1834 Poor Law Creation England until the creation of the 1834 Poor Law Creation
Act. Act. (Higginbotham. P, 2019)(Higginbotham. P, 2019)
During the 1800s, social reform work undertaken by the likes During the 1800s, social reform work undertaken by the likes
of Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845), Thomas Chalmers (1780-of Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845), Thomas Chalmers (1780-
1847) and Octavia hill (1838-1912) 1847) and Octavia hill (1838-1912) (The National Archives, (The National Archives,
2019)2019) established the root causes of poverty. They identified established the root causes of poverty. They identified
issues such as poor housing and sanitation that led to ill issues such as poor housing and sanitation that led to ill
health and the spread of horrific diseases such as cholera health and the spread of horrific diseases such as cholera
and typhoid.and typhoid.
Further work carried out by Sir Edwin Chadwick (1880-1890) Further work carried out by Sir Edwin Chadwick (1880-1890)
during the 1830s, discovered that sanitation and mortality during the 1830s, discovered that sanitation and mortality
were irrevocably linked and concluded that better cleaning, were irrevocably linked and concluded that better cleaning,
ventilation and drainage would reduce the demands for ventilation and drainage would reduce the demands for
welfare from the poor. This work influenced the formation of welfare from the poor. This work influenced the formation of
the 1848 Public Health Act and the 1834 Poor Law the 1848 Public Health Act and the 1834 Poor Law
Amendment Act, along with other acts that dealt with Amendment Act, along with other acts that dealt with
improvements in public hygiene and sanitation. improvements in public hygiene and sanitation.
This Type of research, led by Chadwick amongst other This Type of research, led by Chadwick amongst other
reformers, changed the outlook for poorer people reformers, changed the outlook for poorer people
greatly. The Previous impression was that the poor were greatly. The Previous impression was that the poor were
simply lazy,...

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