A home automation system typically connects controlled devices to a central hub or "gateway". The user interface for control of the system uses either wall-mounted terminals, tablet or desktop computers, a mobile phone application, or a Web interface, that may also be accessible off-site through the Internet. Also it will control lighting, climate, entertainment systems, and appliances. It may also include home security such as access control and alarm systems. When they are connected with the Internet, home devices are an important constituent of the Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, home appliances, and other items embedded with technology and these devices can communicate and interact over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored, controlled and exchange data.
A Brief History of Home Automation
The idea of managing all the functions of a home with a centralized control system dates back to at least the beginning of the 20th century. The earliest working prototypes of automated houses debuted in the 1930s at World’s Fairs in Chicago and New York City, but those homes were never intended to be commercially available.
Until the invention of the microcontroller during the 1970s that marketing a fully-wired, “smart” home automation system became economically feasible. With the growth of computer technology over the last fifteen years or so, the home automation industry has taken off.
· In 2012, the estimated value of the home-automation market was around $3.6 billion.
· Smart-home device sales doubled the following year, with 1.8 million new system installations nationwide.
· Some analysts expected 12 million new residential system installations in 2016 and an estimated overall market value of as much as $16.4 billion by 2019.
Today’s home automation systems make it easy for you to use your smartphone or tablet to control the lights in your home. You can switch on your lights and set them to an appropriate brightness, all while you’re away or lounging on your couch.
Locks and security systems
A home automation system will allow you to check—and change, if necessary—the status of your locks and security system remotely. Also, many systems allow remote monitoring of your home security cameras.
With home automation, you can easily change the oven temperature, for example, while you’re relaxing in the back yard or watching a movie in the den thanks to wireless technology, smart outlets, and a smartphone app.
Some home automation systems also integrate entertainment. Set your TV’s recording schedule, manage your stored programs, and decide where to watch them, all from your smartphone, tablet, or laptop.
Temperature and indoor climate
Use your home automation app to raise the temperature in the house a few degrees so you can stay comfy. Not only will you feel more comfortable, but you’ll also enjoy...