How Lady Macbeth And Gertrude Change. Methody Essay

976 words - 4 pages

Discuss how the characters Lady Macbeth in Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Gertrude in Hardy’s The Withered Arm change during the course of the texts. Explore the similarities and differences between the characters and explain the changes in relation to the contexts.
In both the play “Macbeth” by William Shakespeare and the short story “The Withered Arm” by Thomas Hardy change is a reoccurring theme. Both the main female characters Lady Macbeth and Gertrude Lodge go through a sequence of changes over the course of each text which can be linked to the contexts in which the texts were written in as in both the Jacobean era and the Victorian era women lived in a patriarchal society and were below men hieratically and the idea of the perfect woman and the requirements that are associated with that play a large part in the characterisation of both Gertrude and Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth is an over-ambitious and immoral character however as a woman in the Jacobean period her ambition was essentially useless because women were powerless and lived a life that was sub-ordinate to men. Her ambition is only valuable when Macbeth puts power behind it and once he does this she subsequently has a mental breakdown and kills herself. Her character was a type of warning to the Jacobean female audience to reinforce the consequences of a woman stepping out of line in society. Gertrude Lodge also changes however she goes from being the ideal and perfect beautiful obedient Victorian wife to being a disobedient and disfigured and although the changes she goes through are different, the outcome is the same as she dies as a result of her disobedience similarly to Lady Macbeth, her death was likely a warning against woman stepping out of line. I will explore the similarities and differences between the characters and how they both change throughout the play.
Both Lady Macbeth and Gertrude have a clear understanding of their expected place in society, and how they are expected to behave. In Act 1 scene 5 Lady Macbeth shows her awareness of her role as a female in society when she says “Shake my fell purpose” and continues to express her dislike of how she is expected to act by saying “Unsex me here” implying that her gender is holding her back from something positive. From the very beginning of the play she is displaying a dislike against her role in the patriarchy and showing no sign of living up to how she is supposed to act as a woman. She further shows her more masculine and unwomanly side in the same scene as she encourages Macbeth by saying, “Thou wouldst be great, / Art not without ambition.” She continues to erode her obedience to the ideal Jacobean woman as she takes a very feminine and motherly act of breast feeding and turns it into an appeal to the supernatural as she says “Come to my woman's breasts, / And take my milk for gall,”. Although Lady Macbeth shows full understanding of her place in society, she does not put on any kind of front to protect this image and seemingly has no loyalty to this image. Contrastingly to Lady Macbeth, Gertrude in the beginning is the ideal Victorian wife. Victorian wives were expected to be beautiful and obedient, both traits Gertrude undeniably possesses at the beginning. She is aware of her beauty and how important it is to maintain it in order to remain loyal to her title as a good wife. Farmer Lodge says to her “O yes you must expect to be stared at just at first my pretty Gertrude” to which she replies “I do,” she holds her beauty very highly and expects to be sought after and stared at. A large difference between the two characters is that Lady Macbeth begins the play by in no way embodying the ideal Jacobean woman however Gertrude at the beginning holds her association with being the perfect wife very highly. Similarly, at the end they also have opposite characterisations from both each other and their own characters at the beginning of each text as Lady Macbeth has swapped her evil and more masculine side for a guilt-ridden, weak and feminine character as opposed to Gertrude who has become horribly disfigured, disobedient and superstitious.
Both Lady Macbeth and Gertrude are presented with situations in which remaining within the expectations of society would not benefit them. Lady Macbeth is presented with a position of power as the wife of the King. She has as much ambition as Macbeth, if not more. To behave as a moral Jacobean woman would not further her ambition for “the golden round.” Although not actually that powerful a position it is the highest position she can obtain as a woman and she is almost desperate to do so. Gertrude is presented with the opportunity to remove the disfigurement that she says she “shouldn’t mind so much” if she “hadn’t the notion it makes her husband dislike me-no, love me less” with the objective of winning back her husbands love she would have to stray away from her perfect and essentially ideal characterisation as she would have to disobey her husband, as he told her to stay home. At first she rejects the idea of appealing to the supernatural and when she finds out Conjuror Trendle’s methods are unorthodox and involve the supernatural she says “O, how could my people be so superstitious as to recommend someone of that sort!” Farmer Lodge had also expressed an implication of a dislike and disbelief as he mocks the reliability of Gertrude’s “apothecary messes and witch mixtures” after he expresses his disbelief in the quality of Gertrude’s cure attempts Gertrude tries to be obedient, like a good Victorian wife, but she still thinks of the cures however she still “obediently destroyed” them.


Macbeth Analysis How is relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth changing as the plot goes on - Brighton Class C - Analytical essay

791 words - 4 pages . Shakespeare uses Macbeth to show the terrible effects that ambition and guilt can have on a man who lacks strength of character, the vulnerabilities of his character made him susceptible, especially to his wife, Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth is one of Shakespeare’s most frightening and unconventional female characters. When we first see her, she is already plotting Duncan’s murder, and she is stronger, more ruthless, and more ambitious than her husband

How Does Shakespeare Create Feeling Of Sorrow For Lady Macbeth And Lady Macduff?

1677 words - 7 pages Shakespeare cleverly creates sorrow for Lady Macbeth and Lady Macduff through various techniques such as order of their scenes, their company on stage and most importantly by their circumstances. In the case of Lady Macbeth we know her from the start of the play while in the case of Lady Macduff we are introduced to her with no prior knowledge only in Act 4 scene 2. Moreover with the use of dramatic irony Shakespeare lets the audience know

Compare and Contrast Essay (Jack/Lady Macbeth) - English - Essay

620 words - 3 pages Compare and Contrast Essay Edmund Burke once said, “Ambition can creep as well as soar.” This quote aptly captures both Jack and Lady Macbeth’s application of ambition. The allure of influence and power is so great that it corrupts their logical ways of thinking, ultimately leading them to disaster. If Jack and Lady Macbeth were to compare with each other, then both primarily represent the “id” side of human condition but at the same time they

Compare and Contrast Macbeth and Lady Macbeth - English Essay, St Thomas Aquinas - Essay

974 words - 4 pages Henyce Hylton Ms. Canning ENG2D1-11 21 May 2019 The Juxtapose of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth In the play ​Macbeth​ by William Shakespeare, it is shown how Macbeth and his wife Lady Macbeth have their similarities and differences. Through their ambition to overthrow Duncan of being king and have Macbeth slaying persons that got in their way. Along with how Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change the way society is looked at now. Everyone seems to have an

Character Analysis of Lady Macbeth - English 2322 - Essay

765 words - 4 pages purpose, nor keep peace between the effect and it!” (Act 1 Scene 5 Lines 41 - 48). This is where Lady Macbeth basically calls upon the spirits to take away her humanity so that she may conduct the deeds that need to be done without the worry of human emotion to get in the way. This is where the reader first sees how far Lady Macbeth will go to satisfy her hunger for power. Full of ambition, Lady Macbeth's main trait; her main goal throughout

Macbeth and lady Macbeth good vs evil - High school /gr11 - Paragraph

534 words - 3 pages pawn to achieve that goal. Throughout the act we uncover the truth about a woman and how they can be characterized as being nurturing but in reality be wicked and senile within. This is proven through the character of Lady Macbeth as she proves to be more corrupted then Macbeth as being disloyal, ambitious, and opportunistic which leads the ultimate act of treason, the murder of the king.

this is about macbeth and hi struggle for power against The witches and lady Macbeth herself - lambert/lit - esssay

626 words - 3 pages ‘Macbeth is a victim of forces outside of his control.’ Do you agree? Macbeth is a victim of forces outside of his control. Macbeth is a character whose choices impact that whole of the kingdom; however his choices are driven by fate and destiny. Macbeth is also the victim of Lady Macbeth and his thirst for power, which ultimately means that Macbeth is the victim of forces which are out of his control. The events that ultimately lead to

How is the significance of identity and self acceptance explored in Lady Bird? - Braybrook College - Mini Thesis Essay

2564 words - 11 pages How does the film Lady Bird explore the significance of identity and self acceptance? I want you to be the very best version of yourself you can be, Marion tells her daughter. Lady Bird is a film directed by Greta Gerwig that was released in 2017. Lady Bird is a series of vignettes which go through the life of Lady Bird and the people around her. In the movie, Gerwig explores the significance of identity and self acceptance through the

How did Jim, Wilson, and the Tattered Soldier Change Henry? - English 1 - Essay

601 words - 3 pages JMJ Tyler Ayer Mrs. Jasinski English 1 27 February 2018 How did Jim, Wilson, and the Tattered Soldier Change Henry? The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane tells the story of Henry Fleming and how he evolves throughout the war. In the beginning of the novel, Henry was known as the "youth" of the group and was an ignorant, inexperienced boy, who had romanticized ideas of what war was like. During his progression throughout the war; Henry

how to get good score and change the world in the future - 12th grade - essay

491 words - 2 pages I do love my family. Dreams are shaped by ideals and families shape the beliefs we grasp so strongly. A passion for learning and an insatiable curiosity with many supports from people in the place called ‘home’ which have served me well throughout my academic career. Some day I want to save and change my life by it. Changes can be positive and radical in altering lives, I hope to get that ability one day. I seek the power to improve my life as

How much is Macbeth a victim of the forces of evil and what degree does he embrace evil - English - Essay

727 words - 3 pages Essay: How much is Macbeth a victim of the forces of evil and what degree does he embrace evil? Introduction: Thesis: Evil is a destructive force, it causes harm to those who embrace it and their victims. In Shakespeare 's Macbeth, the protagonist Macbeth plummets into the hands of evil. Evil is what drives people to commit unnatural actions of destruction. These actions are caused by Macbeth’s overwhelming greed and ambition. The forces of evil

Macbeth Analysis How ambition drives the evil within Macbeth - British Literature - Essay

950 words - 4 pages Raper 2 Tristan Raper Ms. Puckett British Lit December 11th, 2018 Macbeth “Here’s the smell of blood still.” ( V, i, 51, p.403). When the name Macbeth comes to mind most people would think of murder, evil, and death, but Macbeth was not always evil. This essay will discuss the tragedy of Macbeth and how Macbeth’s overwhelming ambition drove him off the rails, so to speak. Macbeth’s descent into evil began when he learned of a prophecy that he

How Macbeth changed through the story - Literature - Essay

783 words - 4 pages Macbeth essay In Williams Shakespeare's play Macbeth, Macbeth is portrayed as a courageous figure. He showed his courage while fighting against MacDonwald and Norway as well as in his final battle where Macbeth remains brave even when he realizes that he lost. However, Macbeth's personality vastly changed through the plot of the play. Macbeth lost a feeling of guilt and became confident in the actions that he did. Throughout the act of the play

Climate change ​And how it affects coastal erosion - Geology - Assignment

1406 words - 6 pages INDEX  - Climate change, what is it, and how does it cause Coastal Erosion/What is Coastal  Erosion?  - Strategy 1; Groin.  - Strategy 2; Jetties.  - Conclusion  - Bibliography  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 0 Climate Change - what is it, and how does it cause coastal erosion?  Climate change is a change in the usual weather found in a place

How big is alcohol abuse in the college world and what can we do to change that - composition - Essay

929 words - 4 pages they don’t want to be left out of the group. We will be talking about how we can make the numbers decrease even more in our youth. Alcohol drinking can cause many deaths, assaults and sexual assaults. According to an article on ABC news in 1998 the death toll of alcohol related death was 1440 and in 2005 it increased to 1825. 69600 students have reported that they have been assaulted by another student, and 97000 students have reported that they