Research Paper On The Protestant Reformation

1619 words - 7 pages

The Protestant Reformation
Problems in the Catholic Church
The Roman Catholic Church was an extremely powerful institution in Europe during the Middle Ages. Many European emperors and princes gained an increase in power if the church blessed their reign. As a consequence of this the pope had considerable political power. The Church was the one institution that the people of Western Europe had in common. It was a unifying force, an institution believed to be sanctioned by God. The Church held itself out as the undisputed authority on all things worldly and otherworldly. The pope was seen as the connection between man and God. The only way to get to heaven was to go the way of the Catholic Church.
The Church understood the amount of power that it had. When the Church needed to finance building projects or pay Renaissance artists, the Church began to sell indulgences. An indulgence was a certificate that the faithful could purchase to reduce time in purgatory so they could enter heaven. Selling indulgences increased income and was also a way to keep the faithful under Church control.
Other problems with the Catholic Church also began to appear. Many church leaders lived more like kings, than priests, and became increasingly involved in political matters. To raise money for these activities, the Church raised fees for services such as, marriage and baptism.  This caused both anger and resentment across Europe, and many called for reforms to take place.
During this time, land-owning nobles grew increasingly resentful of the Church, which had amassed an enormous amount of power and wealth and exploited a huge number of resources at the expense of the nobles. The resentment and mistrust fueled anti-Church sentiments. The selling of indulgences propelled the frustration into the ranks of the peasant class and helped set the stage for confrontation.
1. How did the Church raise money? For what purpose?
2. Why did land-owning nobles become upset with the Church?
Indulgences
According to Catholic theology, individuals who sin alienate themselves from God and his love. In order to be reconciled with God, the sinner must confess their sins to a priest and do the penance. The doctrine of indulgences had a few principles. One is that, Christ and his saints established a “treasury of merits” on which the Church can draw. The Church has the authority to grant sinners the spiritual benefits of those merits. This is how indulgences were justified.
Beginning in the 12th century, the papacy and the bishops had given crusaders such indulgences. By the later Middle Ages people widely believed that an indulgence secured total remission of penalties for sin on earth or in purgatory and ensured swift entry into heaven. An archbishop hired a friar named John Tetzel to sell indulgences. Tetzel mounted an advertising blitz. One of his slogans was “As soon as a coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs.” This brought phenomenal success. Men and women bou...

RELATED

Political And Social Consequences Of The Protestant Reformation

661 words - 3 pages One of the most important religious revolutions in history was the sixteenth century religious revolt known as the Protestant Reformation. This conflict divided the Christians of Western Europe into two religious groups: Protestants and Catholics. The reasons behind the Reformation movement included political, economical, social, and religious differences. In the beginning of the sixteenth century, Western Europe had one major religion, that of

What Was The Protestant Reformation? Causes And Main Effects

893 words - 4 pages Protestant emphasis on personal judgment furthered the development of democratic governments based on the collective choice of individual voters. The destruction of the medieval system of authority removed traditional religious restrictions on trade and banking, and opened the way for the growth of modern capitalism. During the Reformation national languages and literature were greatly advanced by the wide dissemination of religious literature written

Martin Luther and his theology. Protestant reformation in the Medieval time. First reformer. - University of St Thomas - Theology

1634 words - 7 pages . Martin was not greedy for popularity, fame or money. In his turbulent lifetime Luther played many roles, first monk, then husband and father, university professor, pastor, church organizer, political advisor, translator, publicist, counselor and so on. He was one of the most important figures for the reformation in catholic church and formation of Lutherans. (Janz 75 & 80). When Luther was working as a monk at Augustin monastery in Erfurt he was

Erasmus and the Reformation: A Pyramid of Influence - 298UWM - Research paper

3511 words - 15 pages , he officially began the Protestant Reformation on the European continent. Modern Erasmian scholars have written about the view humanists held on religious politics as a whole. James D. Tracy wrote speicifically in his biography on Erasmus that: Some humanists . . . lamented the linguistic plurality of Christian Europe and yearned for a world monarchy; others, including Erasmus, even while professing citizenship in a Respublica christiana, were

A research paper on the STD Syphilis - Marywood - Research Paper

2848 words - 12 pages Johnson Javaughn Johnson November 25, 2018 General Microbiology BIOL 235 Syphilis Infections as we know it can be passed on from one person to another individual during sexual intercourse (anal, vaginal, and oral sex). They’re very common and lots of individuals know the risk they are taking when they decide to have sex but know a lot of individuals know the different types of sexually transmitted disease that are out there in the world. A lot

impacts on the invention of the plane - history - research paper

468 words - 2 pages Stalkfleet Kiley Stalkfleet CBA Paper Moeller 5 12/1/17 Impacts on the Invention of the Plane There are many impacts on the Invention of the plane. The Wright Brothers, Wilbur and Orville, are responsible for aviation. The airplane is the most influential invention of all time. Airplanes have made traveling times change from months to just hours. The most obvious social impact from the development of airplanes is the reduction of travel time. “A

Science report on the Bionic Eye - Science - Research Paper

727 words - 3 pages Research Report I The Bionic Eye The bionic eye is a device that was designed to restore the sense of vision to people with retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration. A bionic eye system consists of a small digital camera, external processor and an implant with a microchip and stimulating electrodes which get surgically placed in the back of the eye. For people to benefit from this technology they will need to have some remaining

A research paper on Cancer I wrote - English - Research Paper

967 words - 4 pages paper, cancer is a very difficult disease to understand. In the paper I have mentioned medicines that are used for different types of cancers. I also mentioned some other treatments such as radiation, chemotherapy, and stem-cell transplant. Also mentioned were some types of cancers, and what they do. I also told you how cancer is formed, and how difficult it is to get rid of it. Cancer is a very hard thing to get rid of, depending on where it is

Research Paper on Autism and Sleep - ENGL 255 - Research Paper

1825 words - 8 pages these implications. By discussing current research on sleep disturbances in children with ASD, this paper illustrated first, the impact sleeping problems have on children with ASD’s family. Second, how sleep disturbances affect children with ASD and their behaviours, and lastly the correlation between lack of sleep and poor educational performance known. Richdale (1998) suggests that further research is necessary concerning intervention and cause

research paper on required reading - eng 115 - research paper

1671 words - 7 pages and research dollars. The president should release some research on what it goes to and show us data. During college research, many future students tend to look at tuition first which is common. But frequently fees started taking up in the larger share of the bill which was seen at public campuses. “Student fees have traditionally been used to fund specific campus programs such as student unions and recreational facilities,” Kelchen wrote in his

Research Paper on Trigger Warnings - FSCJ - Research Paper

2392 words - 10 pages in order for someone to move on from past experience, it is crucial to deal with what happened and not stuff it deep down inside of you. When going through the research that was found, I came across a chart/table that explained in a Psychology classroom, graphic material doesn’t scare away students from taking that class. Knowing the topics that could be discussed, entices students to take the class even more. Going through all of the research

Affect of Climate Change on the Giant Panda - Barry University - Research Paper

1330 words - 6 pages Affect of Climate Change on the Giant Panda Chundavi Lalloo October 26,2018 Bio 216 Section 01 Term Paper When one thinks about animals, the first kind to come to mind are the cute and cuddly ones versus the scaly frightening ones. Unfortunately, we tend to be more focused on their looks and actions rather than what is truly important, which is, their well-being. The average adult most likely doesn’t know what’s happening to some of the

childhood vaccines on the effects,and if it should be admistried - eng 122 - research paper

2159 words - 9 pages autism, even in light of research that has disproven the thought. This confirmations the trouble of scattering false explanations once somebody has acknowledged a misrepresentation, particularly on the off chance that it has logical research backing the outcomes. It additionally features the naïveté of general society everywhere to think anything that restorative research reports without scrutinizing the discoveries. Sadly, the media consideration

Millenials - The effect it has on our society - Honors English 11 - Research Paper

1343 words - 6 pages generations which relied on paper maps. Another common factor for Generation Z is the wanting to better the world, which I can relate to because I am currently founding a non-profit in order to help refugees relocate across the world in addition I am teaming up with many partners to help the less fortunate in certain countries gain a better education, hoping to give them all better opportunities. When compared to millennials, Generation Z is more diverse

Thesis on Healthcare in the United States - UT Austin ACC366P - Thesis Research Paper

3027 words - 13 pages to cut the salaries of people who spent years and countless dollars in hopes of a fulfilling job with salary that would justify the price. However, the benefits listed throughout this paper far outweigh this one issue; there is no perfect solution to such a complex problem, and sacrifices will have to made. Section 4: A Potential Solution & Conclusion Based on all the above analysis and evidence, it seems clear that universal healthcare’s