Immigration Policy in Canada:
The Role of Education Institutions and the Labour Market
Professor: David Brown
Course no. PAP 3350A
University of Ottawa School of Political Studies November 2nd, 2017 Brief Introduction: Canadian immigration policy has been designed to advance Canada's economic and social goals. It has been observed that Canada's immigration policy is unable to produce economic migrants, which are needed by Canadian employers. In the past, Canada's immigrants came from European countries, today most immigrants come from Asia. The points system implemented by the Canadian government provides an objective standard to select potential immigrants. However, there is a disconnect between the labor market demands and the type of immigrants gaining entry into Canada. For example, one of the biggest challenge facing Canadian immigrants is the recognition of their education.
Thesis: Canada successfully attracts highly educated immigrants from around the world, but these immigrants face many challenges upon arrival to Canada.
Canadian government has managed mass migration through its immigration program; however, the skilled migrants do not seem to fare well. To address the reason why immigrants struggle with education recognition, first it is important to compare how immigrants fare in the labor market in comparison with other immigrants who enter Canada through different immigration category. It is observed that Canada accepts immigrants based on skill; however, migrants who have potential to contribute to Canada's economy through entrepreneurial spirit and humanitarian grounds are also welcomed.
Immigrant education is discounted in Canada, and the Canadian immigrant experience. Here are methods of how this can be improved. One methodology is to reduce the number of immigrant intake in Canada and improve the selection process. This methodology would require a second monitoring initiative which allows the government to monitor immigrant success, so that; those immigrants selected are able to enjoy higher income which is comparable to Canadian born skilled workers.
Another methodology would be to introduce more post school training programs for Canadian immigrants to enhance their skills to reduce the skill and schooling gap. As the Canadian immigration program is built on various policy initiatives such as aging population, access to human capital and promot...