The U.S. is regarded as the land of the free people because it hosts individuals that have fled their home countries because of lack of religious freedom. Religious fanatics from Europe imposed their beliefs on locals and insisted that they act according to their deities’ rules. Notably, these zealots interpreted the Bible literally and insisted that people should follow rules that affirm monotheism. Randy Moore’s article, The Lingering Impact of the Scopes Trial on High School Textbooks, articulates the way these fundamentalists who opposed Darwin’s theory imposed their opinion on politicians. The writer recounts how the opponents of Darwin’s argument illegalized the theory of evolution and forced politicians to convict John Scopes, a teacher who imparted the theory on his students. Moore discusses American education before and after the conviction and aims at illustrating the long-term effects of the trial on the American syllabus.
Moore describes people's reaction to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and explains that Christians regarded it as a blasphemous concept. However, one botanist supported the theory despite being an evangelist. Moore states that the botanist proposed an argument in which he combined Christian views and the Darwinian Theory[footnoteRef:1]. The writer also introduces religious fundamentalism, which he defines as a literal interpretation of the Bible. The scholar posits that the fundamentalists opposed the Darwinian Theory and blamed it for the decline of moral values in the country[footnoteRef:2]. Therefore, religious leaders pushed policymakers to enact a law that declared the theory blasphemous. The lawmakers obliged and declared the theory illegal; therefore, forbade teachers from talking about the theory in classrooms. [1: Randy Moore “The Lingering Impact of The Scopes Trial on High School Biology Textbooks.” In The Textbook as Discourse, (New York, Routledge, 2011, 102-116] [2: Randy Moore “The Lingering Impact of The Scopes Trial on High School Biology Textbooks.” In The Textbook as Discourse, (New York, Routledge, 2011, 102-116]
In the subsequent segment, the writer discusses the content of biology textbooks before Scopes’ trial. Moore states that some textbook authors wrote about the theory, among others. In other cases, the writers dedicated chapters or entire biology books to discuss evolution[footnoteRef:3]. The scholar says that although some textbook writers focused on evolution, others omitted it and claimed that it was complicated for high school students. However, Moore believes that these authors used the statement as an excuse to omit the theory from their books. In the same fragment, the writer elaborates on the trial of John Scopes, a substitute teacher who gave his students an assignment about evolution. The writer also expresses doubt over the allegations against the teacher who was absent from school on the date that the prosecutors claimed he...