14. Impressionistic PeriodManet- Edouard Manet was a French painter and printmaker born in January 1832. He is known for accomplishing the transition from the realism of Gustave Courbet to Impressionism. Manet was the pioneer in choosing subjects from the events and appearances of his own time. He used a lot of black and the idea of the impressionists using small strokes of pure color. He was very influenced by the paintings of Velasquez, which he saw when he visited Spain. His major works include Dejeuner sur L'herbe and Olympia.Monet- Claude Monet was a French painter, initiator, leader, and unswerving advocate of the Impressionist style. He was the painter who made the impressionist movement popular and he was famous for his landscape paintings. In 1859 he studied in Paris at the Atelier Suisse and formed a friendship with Pissarro. During the Franco-Prussian War he took refuge in England with Pissarro, where he prepared, studied, and became one of the greatest impressionists in history. He is known for the series of paintings on Water-lilies that began in 1899 and grew to dominate his work. He died in December of 1926.Degas- Edgar Degas was born on July 19, 1834. He was destined for a law career, but instead entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where he studied with Louis Lamothe. There he became a painter and sculptor. He worked with a number of different mediums such as oil, pastel, lithography, engraving, and sculpture. Through the years of his life, besides losing eyesight, he continued to paint women models in varied, unarranged poses. In the early 1870s the female ballet dancer became his favorite theme. Edgar died on September 27, 1917.Renoir- Pierre-Auguste Renoir is a famous French painter born in Limoges, France, on February 25, 1841 as a child of a working class family. In 1854 he began to work as a painter in a porcelain factory in Paris. There, he gained experience with the light, fresh colors that would eventually distinguish his Impressionist work. Renois is perhaps the best-loved of all the Impressionists, for his subjects---pretty children, flowers, beautiful scenes, above all lovely women- have instant appeal, and he communicated the joy he took in them with great directness. Renoir died in 1919.Toulouse- Lautrec- Toulouse Lautrec was born on November 24th, 1864 (THATS MY BIRTDAY, FUSSELL!!!!! 11-24-1990!!!!) into a family of noble, but inbred blood. He had inherently frail bones, and after a series of horrible accidents, was crippled for life. During his recovery from one such accident, he discovered his love and talent for drawing and painting. He spent a considerable amount of time in Fernand Gormons studio, and met with Vincent Van Gogh. Lautrecs body of work often featured scenes from brothels. He was well respected for his art at the time of his death in 1901. His most famous works are those related with the Moulin Rouge.Pissarro- Camille Pissarro was a French Impressionist painter born in 1830. As a boy, Camille spoke French at home, English, and Spanish. His parents sent him to Paris at age 12 to a small boarding school. It was there that the director, seeing his interest in art, advised him to take advantage of his life in the tropics by drawing coconut trees. Known as the Father of Impressionism, Pissarro painted rural and urban French life, particularly landscapes in and around Pontoise, as well as scenes from Montmartre. His mature work displays empathy for peasants and laborers and shows his political learnings. One of his most famous paintings is The Garden of Pontoise, which he painted in 1875. Pissarro died in 1903.