April 20, 2018
SOC 201 – 074
How to Improve Parole.
Parole began in the late nineteenth century. The idea of parole first came about at the National Congress of Penitentiary and Reformatory Discipline in 1870. The idea caught on quickly because it relieved political pressure on governors for granting clemency and pardons. It also gave prisoners, who were thought to be reformed, a chance to prove that they were ready to be released back into society. By the end of the nineteenth century over half of the states in American were using some sort of parole system. By 1948 all of the states had parole for prisoners in its institutions. Understanding Parole, is defined by the supervised conditional release of a prisoner before the expiration of his or her sentence. Parole is usually granted to a prisoner in recognition of past good conduct, prior to imprisonment and/or while serving time. A sentenced criminal may be released on parole before the maximum limit of the prison term has been reached. The release is conditional on the performance of the parolee's pledge. During the parole period the parolee is required to report to prison authorities or to a parole agent or parole officer to whose custody he or she was assigned when released. If a parolee is in violation of parole, he or she is likely to be apprehended and returned to prison to serve out the maximum prison sentence. Parole is only eligible to prisoners who have significantly observed and obeyed the rules of the prison. The release does not reduce the seriousness of the offense or promote disrespect for the law. Also, the release of a prisoner would not be believed to jeopardize public wellbeing, or the person would not be released from prison early.
The number of people on parole and probation across the United States has tripled to 5.1 million between 1982 and 2007. According to Pew Center on the states report, which says financially struggling states can save money in the long run by investing in better supervision of these offenders. Use advances in supervision technology such as electronic monitoring and rapid results on alcohol and drug tests. Create incentives for offenders and supervision agencies to succeed and monitor their performance. Prisons consume nearly 90 percent of state corrections...