Influential Technological Advancements Of The 20th Century

832 words - 4 pages

The period of 20th century has been recognized and addressed as a period of political war, period of radical change and a period of rapid inventions which transformed the lifestyle of the whole world. The development and the growth in the field of accelerated scientific understanding, more efficient communication, speedy and better controlled transportation, changed the dynamics of the world and the people more than any time in the history of nations. The technological influences which emerged in this period, outshines the contributions of the industrial revolution. The multidimensional impact of this technological revolution touched every aspect of human life from electricity and automobile to space shuttle and landing on the moon; along with the radio, television and the special effect movies. The dynamic introduction of the computers, phones and the electronic gadgets marks a breakthrough in communication technology. The impact of the technological influence serves a profound impact on the lifestyle and thinking o f the people and the pace at which they live their life. The technologies which profoundly changed the world view and life of the people globally are: information technologies, movement technologies, entertainment technologies and health technologies. This technological growth and exposure has transformed the scientific inquiry in the minds of people, radically changing the way they live, experience and see the same world. It has accounted for the present globalization, breaking the barriers of confined doors and nationalism.The quantum jumps in the technologies of information seem to have impacted wider range of people and for a longer period of time, crossing the barriers of domestic market and dynamically transforming the world connectivity. Among them four revolutionary information technologies deserve special attention, these are: telephones, television, mainframe and personal computers and music technology. (Sanders, 1999) The most engaging aspect of the change is that most of the innovations which underwent revolutionary changes witnessed the gradual arrival of these changes, which swept in its wave the essential part of everyday life. People came to accept the inevitability f these technological changes and recorded this as the most dynamic and interesting aspect of the period.The advancement in the area of communication and information marks the dynamic arrival of telephones, advances in printing presses and typesetting, the typewriter, improvements in paper manufacture, movies, photography, the gramophone and the radio. All these individual innovations were combined to change the way the information was spread; and the effect of this was probably more forceful than the information revolution of the late 20th century in the field of computers and the internet connectivity. (Smil, 2005)The efficiency of people worldwide got enhanced as the result of computers, the labor cost went down impacting the economy, the distances got shortened and the world connection became more strong and efficient. This also impacted the political and the economic relations of the nations; this could be said as the chief mobilizing force behind the globalization and the global business trend. The nation's economy became interdependent on the economy of other nations.The influence of the technological advances which began with its infancy in the 19th century, took great flights in its phase of youth in the whole of 20th century affecting the different segments of society, country and world in one sweep where the revolution could not be contained. By the end of the 20th century, inventors brought about an exponential rate in technology's knowledge expansion, but such high rates of knowledge growth cannot be sustained indefinitely. As a result, after a period of time, a deflection always takes place. This deflection, in turn, forces inventors to seek new quantum jumps.(Sanders,1999) The result is today's, global business, depending on cooperation and the harmony of the nations to prosper and grow; with dynamic and high energy youth being stimulated endlessly by entertainment technology development of television and phone. The most penetrating innovation has been the entry of internet into the remotest part of the world. The 21st century world has shrunk on account of the technological influence and advancement of 20th century.The world witnessed radical change, meeting at crossroads at the end of the 20th century. This century is marked by the most remarkable and revolutionary technological changes which have ever taken place in the history of the nations. The technical advancement has altered the everyday life of the people worldwide. The computers and internet have made their presence in almost every household, changing the dynamics of the society. The world is better connected, more expanded and more interactive as the result of these influential technological advances.ReferencesSanders, Ralph (1999). Technology in a Paradigm Century. Retrieved September 27, 2007, Web site: www.cosmos-club.org/web/journals/2000/sanders.html (Sanders, 1999)Smil, Vaclav (2005). Creating the Twentieth Century. Oxford University Press. (Smil, 2005)

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