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Internal Problems Leading To Teh Collapse Of The Manchu Dynasty In China

507 words - 3 pages

Internal problems leading to the Collapse of the Manchu DynastyNo single reason can be attributed to the collapse of the Manchu dynasty. However one may be forgiven for thinking that Empress Cixi was a key contributor and was the master of her own doom. What is certain is that the collapse was fuelled by Western Intervention, and compounded by internal dilemmas which in turn weakened the dynasty and left them unable to adapt leading to their inevitable demise.There were many internal problems in China leading up to and after the Boxer Rebellion in 1899. After Emperess Hsien Fengs death in 1861,his primary wife Coxi seized power as their son was only 5. Cixi had many poisoned and killed ...view middle of the document...

With rebellion in Nien, and several muslim rebellions the last thing China needed in 1850 was the Taiping rebellion. It lasted 20 years and cost 30 million lives. Although it was an internal disturbance it was an odd mix of European and Chinese culture. Hung believed he had been sent to the middle kingdon to eradicate demons and demons worship. Furthermore he believed the Manchus were the primary propagators of such worship. He tried to spread communism but he was unsuccessful and his 'kingdom of heavenly peace' began to unravel before his very eyes. This rebellion did much to weaken the Manchu dynasty. The Manchu's were then forced to pursue a course of reform, which they called self strengthening. (1870-1890). They aimed to learn Western technology, industry and language, and a return to the Confucian ideal of the 'middle man'. The reform failed as China was too large to initiate reform and officials were set in their ways. This undermined the dynasty yet again. In 1898 Kuang Hsu (Cixi's nephew) took over government and desperate for solutions initiated '100 days of reform'. This proposed the inclusion of Western studies in Chinese education and the creation of a national parliament, westernization of Chinese bureaucracy. Also it called for reform of the army, However the military wanted to keep their power, and government officials were set in their wasys so once again reform failed. After the Boxer Rebellion in 1901 the internal problems esculated and the dynasty collapsed. It is easy to see how internal problems contributed to the collapse of the Manchu dynasty.By Kate McC

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