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Kant's Moral Theory And Liberalism: A Comparison

775 words - 4 pages

Kant's Moral Theory and Liberalism: A comparison Liberalism is a broad body of philosophy. It is defined as the set of philosophical and social theories that, despite their differences, are committed to a common set of presuppositions and principles (Goldberg 519). It is based on four general principles: individualism, universalism, equality, and reform. Individualism is the paramount principle. It is to protect the rights of people from the government. Universalism is a principle that is based on treating people universally. It establishes universal moral principles that are applicable to all human beings no matter what their particular historical, social or cultural differences. Equality ...view middle of the document...

He believed that rational people were capable of willing that their actions be done for the sake of the moral law. "A will governed always by reason is a good will" (Goldberg 92). He believed that the only thing absolutely good is the good will. For Kant, a good will was to choose to act in a way that is morally right, and to do so for only one reason, that it is right. A good will has moral worth regardless of it's advantages and it is necessary for the production of other moral good, including happiness.Imperatives are commands or requirements issued by reason to act in various ways that may or should be considered valuable. There are two general kinds of imperatives. One is hypothetical and the other is categorical. A hypothetical imperative is one that commands an action that is necessary to bring about some other end. It acts solely as a means to something else. Categorical imperatives are considered to be more important than hypothetical imperatives. They unconditionally command something that is morally right and say do this because it is right. These imperatives are binding on all rational humans. They are also universal and objective, making them the same for everyone. Part of the categorical imperative is the maxim. The maxim is the...

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