Latinos in America
· A Latino is a person of Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, or South and Central American culture.
· A Latino can also be from another Spanish culture or origin.
· Latino countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Panama, Puerto Rica, Uruguay, Venezuela
· The Hispanic population in 2012 was 53 million, which is 17% of the US population.
· Most of the Latinos in the United States are Mexican.
· Immigration of Latinos in the United States began after the expansion of the regional rail system in the 1870s and 1880s as U.S. employers needed to fill a demand for labor in the industry of transportation and other industries including agriculture, construction, and mining. Following a farm labor shortage due to the conscription and war mobilization during the second World War, the lobbies of U.S. employers convinced the Federal Government to ask Mexico to allow Mexicans to work in the U.S. This lead to an increase in Latino immigration. By the 1960’s, there were about 6 million of Mexicans whereas nowadays there are about 50 million
· Latinos have experienced discrimination usually because of their race and ethnicity.
· Their identity
· 74% identify themselves as American beings
· 19% identify themselves as being American and Latino
· 4% feel like America is their home country
· 2% feel like they don’t belong in America
· 2% don’t know how to identify themselves
· Discrimination rate
· 32% say they have never been discriminated
· 29% say they have been discriminated more than once
· 22% say they have been discriminated at least once
· 14% say they aren’t sure
· In America,...