This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Listening & Reading: Two Tasks Used In Teaching To Develop Discourse Skills In The Classroom

2790 words - 12 pages

Introduction.Discourse Analysis (DA) is the analysis of language in use (Brown and Yule 1983). It also examines how stretches of language, considered in their full textual, social, and psychological context, become meaningful and unified for their users. It provides insight into the problems and processes of language use and language learning, and is therefore of great importance to language teachers (Cook 1989).All micro-skills have direct relationship with DA. Therefore, language teachers have immediate interest in DA because, as teachers, we have the question in our mind of how people use language when we design teaching materials or when we engage learners in exercises and activities ...view middle of the document...

Procedure: I will ask the students to carry out the following sequence ofactivities with reading comprehension:- Predicting: students will look at the title of the passage in pairs and discuss their expectations of the contents based on the title before reading the passage; they will then write down five to ten words they expect to find; they will then read the passage and see if their words appear;- Extensive reading: skimming ('to identify important ideas'); scanning ('to pick out points of detail');- Information retrieval: the students, in small groups, will be guided to extract the main ideas that gives the most accurate summary of the passage as a whole; they will decide how the race has affected people's lives; they will then read the passage again and make notes on how it will affect their lives;- Evaluation: each student is asked to express his/her opinion, and then compare the passage with others;- Follow-up: they will be asked to come up with a new similar challenging activity to make use of and extend their information.- Dealing with unfamiliar words: students will look for words and phrases which are defined in the passage and new to some of them at least. Also, will indicate whether the listed words from the passage have a positive or negative meanings;- Linking ideas: students identify the meaning of selected cohesive devices in the passage; they then answer factual questions about the passage;- Exercises: students, in small groups, will list, discuss, and tell each other what are the qualities to win the race; in what ways life is faster now than in the past;- Attitudes: I would ask the students about their attitudes to time and speed in which Time-bandits are mentioned. Who or what do they think they might be? And what aspects of life are mentioned that are affected by speed and time?. (McCarthy 1991).The above task directs the students to use the top-down approach. As a consequence, it should demonstrate that the students will not approach difficult discourse in the language by starting at the bottom levels and then patiently working their way upwards. Rather, they will take some linguistic and situational detail as a clue, form a general hypothesis and then try to build up their understanding of the whole text (Cook 1989).The following figure gives a description of the various steps for bottom-up and top-down:Social relationshipsShared knowledgeDiscourse typeDiscourse structureDiscourse functionConversational mechanismsCohesion(Grammar and lexis)(Sounds or letters)(Cook 1989)Analysing the activityIn the above task, the students will apply their prior knowledge and prior reading experience, apply knowledge of reading conventions, and consider the purpose of reading in order to engage in top-down processing. The students will try to gather all their knowledge about the link between time and slowness. On the basis of such "prior knowledge" they might construct some initial hypotheses about the text and accordingly have expectations...

Other Essays On Listening & Reading: Two Tasks Used In Teaching To Develop Discourse Skills In The Classroom

Is Listening To Music Helpful In Study Progress

1809 words - 8 pages performance (Effects of Rap, 2009). While the singers are performing their talents, they used screams and shouting. All these things influence on students' study progress negatively.Experiment which was conducted by Daoussis and McKelvie (1986) found that, introverts and extroverts had different scores while doing tasks and listening to music. Scientists shared students into two groups with same number of extraverts and introverts to determine

Political Correctness In The Classroom Essay

552 words - 3 pages violence. The goodness of teaching political correctness in the classroom is its ability to protect our children from violence, discrimination, and the unfairness that exist in this world.Political correctness is a good thing for kids to learn. I think that being politically correct is just being polite and considerate for the feelings of others. I encourage parents and teachers to teach children about the fairness and equality that political

critical incidents in the classroom - Edu - essay

1147 words - 5 pages teaching, I spent a considerable amount of time observing several teachers from preschool to elementary schools and their approach to their students. Whether it is a lesson, or an activity or a simple conversation, I consciously recorded how the teacher would deal with their students in a variety of situations or circumstances. One of the things that stood out for me was the specific behavior management used by the teachers. Some teachers used a

No cellular phones in the classroom

425 words - 2 pages I am really almost addicted to my cell phone and I think that most of the students are. The modern technical features all cell phones offer like games and mp3 players or often internet connection are a coming "attention-grabber" for all students at all ages, with their cell phones almost every time. I think it's alright to use the cell phones outside the classroom, but inside in between the class we should really not use the phone.First, when

Intro in to teaching philosophy. What is your teaching philosophy and teaching style? - Intro into teaching - Education

456 words - 2 pages Yadielys Santiago October 18, 2018 A7 Your teaching philosophy Since I could remember, I always wanted to teach. I used to play “teacher” with my dolls, sit them as if they were in a classroom and just teach them. I have always wanted to become a teacher because I love school, and I want to help young children learn and succeed. Being a teacher to me means being able to develop a relationship with the students that will encourage them to come to

Discourse Community, how are these communities working in the technology. - Eng 352 - Essay

654 words - 3 pages that it looked like any other building and that he and his driver had to double back after driving right past it [1]. The author’s purpose for writing the article like this (or at the very least, beginning the article like this) is to familiarize a general audience with the company’s work to develop and commercialize nuclear fusion. The author mostly explains the research that the team conducted and their plans on bringing it to the public in an

Literary Elements Used in "To Kill A Mockingbird"

450 words - 2 pages . References to birds and the color red also show up quite often in the novel. These motifs are associated with Arthur 'Boo' Radley. Use of some of these symbols (in context) create curiosity and suspense for the reader.Lee also uses her talent to vividly describe and develop her characters. "Walter looked as if he had been raised on fish food: his eyes, as blue as Dill Harris's, were red-rimmed and watery. There was no color in his face except at the tip

Student Motivation in the Classroom - MGA Education - Essay

853 words - 4 pages should provide stimulating tasks for students. When a teacher is interested in the content, a student is more likely to be motivated to work and study. The fourth point says that teachers should make sure students understand why what they are learning is relevant. Teachers should point out the importance and relevance of the content they are teaching. Lastly, the fifth key in motivating students says that teachers should incorporate

Terminology Used In Chemistry

517 words - 3 pages Ionization energy: decreases when going down the group because when going down the group the number of shells around the atomic radius increases and the outer electrons become weakly attracted by the nucleus.As you go to the rite the no. Of neutrons in the nucleus (+) charged particles increases. This pulls the electrons towards the nucleus. Therefore making it more difficult to remove the electrons.Electro-positively: increases down the group

Propose two strategies Australia can adopt to address the challenge of reconciliation in the future

434 words - 2 pages territory, similar to that of the Nunavut in Canada. Another strategy that would be suitable for consideration addressing the challenge of reconciliation, is to integrate the White Australian culture with the Aboriginal Australian culture. Students should be taught the Aboriginal culture at school. This could include teaching of different tribal languages, dances and artwork, as well as Aboriginal history. This strategy has been used in New Zealand

analysis of bullet in the brain - queens college - close reading

901 words - 4 pages much throughout the story, but through Wolff’s use of literary devices, the reader’s perspective of him does change. One of the literary devices that Wolff used was tone. Anders’ sarcasm can be seen as one of the most apparent traint in the story, as he mocks the ladies in front of him and criticizing everything in his surrounding. As Wolff mentions in the story the reaction Anders show to robbers in the bank, “‘Oh, Bravo,’ Anders said. ‘Dead

Similar Papers

Study To Investigate The Order Of Conservation Tasks In Young Children Piaget

3027 words - 13 pages Introduction:Piaget believed that there were four main stages in which children pass during cognitive development. The sensorimotor stage lasts for the first two years of a child's life, and learning primarily occurs through their senses. The child will also develop object permanence. The pre-operational stage is where a child's thinking becomes more dominated by observation and perception. In this stage, a child develops the ability to decentre

Internet In The Classroom Essay

839 words - 4 pages Internet in the ClassroomThe Internet is a network of millions of computers worldwide, connected together. It is an elaborate source of education, information, entertainment, and communication. Recently, President Bill Clinton expressed an idea to put the Internet into every classroom in Americaby the year 2000[4]. Considering the magnitude of this problem, and the costs involved, it is not realistically possible to set this as a goal.The

Planes Used In World War Two

928 words - 4 pages Planes Used In World War II During World War Two there were many different types of planes used by all countries. The U.S. used many different kinds of planes such as, fighters, bombers and, attack planes. These planes helped each side very much because of what they could do. For example, fighter planes were used in escorting Bomber planes to and from targets and if there were no escorts the bomber planes would be shot down. Attack planes were

How To Improve The Ability Of Listening ,Apeaking,Reading And Writing

3329 words - 14 pages knowledge to the students, don't forget to teach them all the abilities of the four skills.II. Ways on developing the four abilities1.ListeningThe teachers often speak of the four skills- listening, speaking, reading and writing. That means each of them is important. You can't say that you have mastered the language without any one of them, Listening, one of the means of language communication, is used most widely in people's daily lives. About 45