Martin Luther And His Theology. Protestant Reformation In The Medieval Time. First Reformer. University Of St Thomas Theology

1634 words - 7 pages

Martin Luther was born in a middle-class family and his father was a coal miner. His father always wanted Luther to go to University and become a lawyer. He went to University but after an event in his life his mind changed, and he decided to become a monk. In his career, he was a good monk and he was very dedicated towards his work. He in the beginning always had the desire to improve himself. Martin has written several books I his lifetimes. Martin was not greedy for popularity, fame or money. In his turbulent lifetime Luther played many roles, first monk, then husband and father, university professor, pastor, church organizer, political advisor, translator, publicist, counselor and so on. He was one of the most important figures for the reformation in catholic church and formation of Lutherans. (Janz 75 & 80).
When Luther was working as a monk at Augustin monastery in Erfurt he was fully dedicated and had a hard time. He was too much into fasting, prayer, and work. Somethings he uses to torture himself by fasting and other fellow monks were worried about him. During his time in the monastery, he developed a close relationship with the bible. One reason of Luther being too much into the fasting and paying was that he thought the righteousness of God means that God judges people for their sins. So, he was trying to prove himself good in the eyes of God. He was secretly angry with the fact that God judges people. But later after more praying and reading, he came to the conclusion that righteousness of the God means "righteous one lives by faith". He believed that people cannot do anything to be saved but it is Grace of God alone that saves people. Luther interpreted justification as being entirely the work of God. The holiness of Jesus Christ takes away the sins of people. Good works of saints can also save people. Luther also said indulgences cannot save people and he reacted against that in 95 theses resulted in the most opposition by the Roman Catholics church and pope. He believed that one cannot just buy the indulgence by paying money to the church but only by the Grace of God. In his writings, he taught that the Bible and Gospels are the central religious authorities and salvation is a gift of God's grace which one can receive by faith, not by their deeds. These ideas were a major reason for the reformation.
I think the life of Luther is an inspiration for thousands of people. His dedication towards his work and confidence towards his believes made him a great reformer. He spoke against the practice of penance and I think that is the right thing to do. During the time of Jesus Christ, it was just handful of the man who did the sin of crucifying so other human beings cannot be liable for the sins of those handful people. His strength was that he was using the Bible and gospel which are direct words from God. He mentions about the malpractices and corruption of the church which shows that he was not interested in money or wealth but wan...


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