This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Maya Creation Essay

1523 words - 7 pages

The Mayans believe that Mother Earth was a gigantic monster. It was an alligator, toad, and a turtle combined. Above her was a sky with a layer for each planet and spheres of movement for the sun and the moon. Below her was the underworld where heavenly bodies passed when out of sight. All around her were the spirits of rain and thunder. The deities of the food plants and animals attended her. All nature was alive and it was constantly dying and being reborn (Burland 1771).The Mayans are American Indian people who lived in southern Mexico (Miller 'Maya' Grolier). The Yucatan was the center of the Mayan civilization from about the 1st century B.C. ('Yucantan' Grolier). They flourished in ...view middle of the document...

The Greeks had believed there was nothing, that the world began with Chaos, which is similar to the Mayan belief that there was no Earth, no sun and no moon. The only existence was the house of Gucumatz, which is Heaven where the father and mother of all creatures lived. The other is the house of the Ahauab de Xibalba, which is Hell. In Hell, Hun Came and Vucub Caquix, Lords of Hell lived (Eufraccio Internet).The Mayans had many gods: Ah Puch, a god of death; Akhushtal, the goddess of childbirth; Cit Bolon Tum and Ahau Chamahez, the gods of medicine; Kan-u-Uayeyab, the god who guarded cities; Kukucan, the wind god; Ekahau, the god of travelers and merchants (The Mythical Encyclopedia Internet); Ixtab, the goddess of the noose and the gallows. The Mayans believed that if a person committed suicide by a noose, he or she would go to her paradise. And Izamna is the sun and sky god, he rules over the night. They also call him 'God D.' His title is 'lord of knowledge.' He was the founder of Mayan culture. He taught them script, healing, and the use of calenders and brought them his people maize, which is corn, and cacao, a coca seed. Ixchel is the earth and moon goddess and patroness of pregnant women. She invented the art of weaving. They think that she was the consort of Itzamna. She had also given birth to the Bacabs (Eufraccio Internet).Bacabs, the children of Izamna and Ixchel, are a group of four protective deities. They are the canopic gods. There are four Bacabs. They stand at the four corners of the world, the cardinal points. They also supported the heavens. The first one four of the Bacabs is Cauac. He is the south and his color is red. Next is Ix. He is the west and his color is black. Next is Mulac. He stands for the north and his color is white. Kan is the last one of the Bacabs. He is the east and his color is yellow (The Encyclopedia Mythica Internet).Hun Came and Vucub Caquix were the rulers of the underworld, called Xibalaba. The steep road that leads to the underworld is very dangerous. There are torrents; it is flanked by the abysses, and it is covered with thorns. Vucub Caquix had two children. Kabrakan causes earthquakes and the disappearance of mountains. His brother Zipakna makes' mountains rise through earthquakes (Eufraccio Internet).Hun Came and Vucub Caquix invited Hun Hunahpu and Vucub Hunahpu to a ball game. When Hun Hunahpu and Hunahpu arrived, Hun Came and Vucub Caquix killed them. Hun Hunahpu's head was placed on a dead tree that came to life. Ixquic, a virgin, wanted a fruit. Hun Hunahpu told her to open her hand, where he spit. She instantly became pregnant. She gave birth to Hunahpu and Ixbalanque. Hunahpu and Ixbalanque killed Hun Came and Vucub Caquix to avenge their father's death (Eufraccio Internet).There are some Mayan gods that have similar functions with the Greek gods. Hunab Ku is the god of gods, as Zeus is the god of gods. He also is a creator. Nacon is the god of war, as Aries is the god of war. Ah...

Other Essays On Maya Creation

COMPARE AND CONTRAST AZTEC, MAYAN, INCAN - HISTORU - ESSAY

4842 words - 20 pages , Classical Maya and Andean world. Mayan science. Collapse of classical Maya, and North American classical civilization; Post-Classical Maya, Aztecs and Inca. American societies and World History, quipu; Corn god. Differences and Similarities between Societies in north and the Andean Americas; diffusion of technology. Post-Classical variations: The Aztecs, the Incas and the later Maya. Oct. 16, Week 8: The Spread of Civilizations, the Movements of People

The Similarities between the Biblical and Mesopotamian Flood Stories - UC Berkeley History - Research Paper

2830 words - 12 pages , Hebrews, Persians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Celts, Hindus, Maya, Toltecs, Zapotecs, and Incas.[footnoteRef:2] Story of the flood is an ancient story which seems be older than any recorded literature and is known in all continents for centuries. [1: Wilson, Ian. 2014. Before the Flood: The Biblical Flood as a Real Event and How It Changed the Course of Civilization. St. Martin's Press, 25.] [2: Wilson, Ian. 2014. Before the Flood: The Biblical

Character In "The Yellow Wallpaper" By Charlotte Perkins Gilman

1587 words - 7 pages The short story 'The Yellow Wall-Paper' written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a cry for freedom. This story is about a woman who fights for her right to express what she feels, and fights for her right to do what she wants to do. The narrator in this short story is a woman whose husband loves her very much, but oppresses her to the point where she cannot take it anymore. This story revolves around the main character, her oppressed life, and her

Edgar Allen Poe's View Of Death In "The Fall Of The House Of Usher"

1836 words - 8 pages Edgar Allen Poe's Symbolism of Death in 'The Fall of the House of Usher'Death is defined as, 'The termination or extinction of something' (American Heritage Dictionary). Edgar Allen Poe uses this description in 'The Fall of the House of Usher' in different ways. Poe's intention when writing 'The Fall of the House of Usher' was not to present a moral, lesson, or truth to the reader; he was simply trying to bring forth a sense of terror to the

"Slaughterhouse Five" By Vonnegut

2264 words - 10 pages When one begins to analyze a military novel it is important to first look at the historical context in which the book was written. On the nights of February 13-14 in 1944 the city of Dresden, Germany was subjected to one of the worst air attacks in the history of man. By the end of the bombing 135,000 to 250,000 people had been killed by the combined forces of the United States and the United Kingdom. Dresden was different then Berlin or many of

Psychoanalysis And Freud

2420 words - 10 pages Psychoanalysis is a system of psychology originated by the Viennese physician Sigmund FREUD in the 1890's and then further developed by himself, his students, and other followers. It consists of three kinds of related activities: (1) a method for research into the human mind, especially inner experiences such as thoughts, feelings, emotions, fantasies, and dreams; (2) a systematic accumulation of a body of knowledge about the mind; and (3) a

Comparative Essay. "Heart Of Darkness" By Joseph Conrad And William Golding's "Lord Of The Flies"

2729 words - 11 pages It can be said that a certain degree of darkness lies within every person, but this darkness will not surface unless given the correct environment. The darkness, however, can emerge and ultimately destroy the person if not checked by reason. If one's inner darkness does surface, the victim then is given the opportunity to reach a point in personal growth, and to gain a sense of self-knowledge from it. That is, when one's darkness appears, one

This Is An Essay On The Woman In The Odyssey And Their Influences On His Travels

993 words - 4 pages The Odyssey is an epic about a Greek warrior in the Trojan War whose wanderings around his known world and his perilous encounters are the basis of the story. Odysseus' absence from his home is prolonged by the influences of the women whom he encounters.In this epic, several female characters had a profound effect on the plot. They wielded their influence through typically feminine skills and attributes: seduction, supernatural powers

Title:Aggressive and Passive. Compare characters in the Handmaid's Tail between Hamlet. Offred is aggressive while Ophelia is passive

537 words - 3 pages Aggressive and PassiveAggressive and Passive are two inverse attitudes to things, events or life. They cause different results. Offred and Ophelia are two women who have contrary destinies because of their different attitudes.Offred is a powerless woman in "the Handmaid's Tale". She's a handmaid of a commander in Gilead. She has no freedom. She belongs to him as a property. Her only duty is to have sex with the commander and give birth to a baby

Black Boy vs Grapes of Wrath

444 words - 2 pages Even though the books of Black Boy and Grapes of Wrath gave a vivid picture of the past American life to the readers regarding the socio-economic bigotry. Both books are similar in focusing the social and economic discrimination in the family setting. On Grapes of Wrath the California prejudice against the immigrants. Prejudice was a strong word, which leaves a bitter taste in the mouth. It is the prejudice against the migrant workers by the

Leprosy ; includes what bacteria it is caused by, the orgin of the disease, how many people are affected by it in the united states and in alaska during 1999 and 2000, and more. 3 pages long

524 words - 3 pages Leprosy is very dangerous for your personal health. It can make you skin fall off. Leprosy slowly eats away at you body. It is deadly to all genders, all ages, all sizes and all races.Another name for leprosy is Hansen's Disease. Leprosy is caused by the organism mycobacterium leprae. The pathogen that carries it is bacteria. Throughout the years people have suspected that inhaling and touching the bacteria could spread leprosy.Symptoms of

Similar Papers

Research: Meso American Civilizations Uci Research Paper

2495 words - 10 pages Ramos 1 Jennifer Ramos Professor Kara Cooney ANE 15: Women and Power March 20, 2019 Women in Power: Mesoamerican Civilizations Mesoamerican civilizations including Maya, Aztec, and Inca societies relied heavily on their women to prosper and thrive. These civilizations consisted of vast traditions and roles which women were complacent to.Women in these civilizations played critical roles which were often undermined. By examining women’s power

Popul Vuh And Old Testament Flood Comparison Essay West Los Angeles College/English 203 Essay

1488 words - 6 pages includes their theories about the beginning of the world, and the text is so special because it is one of the few Guatemalan literary works written in that time period. Some researchers have even accredited it as the “Popul Vuh” as the “Maya Bible” which establishes a better understanding for people of American and European lineage. There are various similarities between the Mayan Perspective and Christianity such as the creation of the Earth. The

Nature In Frankenstein And The Handmaid's Tale A2 Virginia Tands Essay

1551 words - 7 pages Maya Sturgeon 12.3.18 Compare the ways in which the writers of your chosen texts explore the theme of nature Tips · Use more examples to back up your points · Be more accurate with punctuation Nature is the phenomena of the physical world collectively, including plants, animals, the landscape, and other features and products of the earth, as opposed to humans or human creations. Nature in ‘Frankenstein’ and ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ creates hope for

On Vol 1 And 2 Of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1471 words - 6 pages that is but a step towards his doom. The many sources of happiness and normalcy in his life are snatched away from him. Filled with vengeance, his only goal is to destroy his 'creation', his "own spirit let loose from the grave". Is the narrative then of just a man chasing down his worst nightmare? No. Because the 'nightmare' here has a voice of his own; it's not just about Frankenstein.The 'monster' is the Adam-figure here, questioning his