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Mental Disorders Essay

1163 words - 5 pages

Lowe 1Savannah LoweDr. EastmanEnglish 101-0375 November 2014Mental DisordersThis past year I had the pleasure of getting my first job at a local restaurant. I became very close with one of my managers, Carlia. I started noticing signs of depression and I even noticed the scars on her arms that she tried so hard to cover. Since I was so close to her, I decided to take action to help her. Mental disorders are medical conditions that disrupt a person's thinking, feelings, mood, ability to relate to others and their overall daily functioning. The three most common mental illnesses are social anxiety disorder, depression, and schizophrenia. (Mental Illnesses)Social anxiety disorder is an ...view middle of the document...

It also teaches people to react differently to the situations. There are also several types of medications to treat social anxiety disorder, including: antidepressants, sedatives, and beta-blockers. Counseling to improve self-esteem and social skills, as well as relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, may also help a person deal with social anxiety disorder. (What is Social Anxiety)Depression is a disease. It is not caused by personal weakness and it is not a character flaw. (Depression-Topic) Depression is a serious and pervasive mood disorder that causes feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. Depression can be mild to moderate, and in some cases, severe. Symptoms of depression include: persistent, sad, anxious, or an "empty" mood, loss of interest in activities, feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness, hopelessness, pessimism, sleeping too much or too little, loss of appetite, decreased energy or fatigue, and thoughts of suicide or even suicide attempts. With depression, there may be problems with activity levels in certain parts of the brain, or chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters may be out of balance. Psychologists believe that a combination of family history and stressful life events may cause depression. Depression can be treated in various ways. Counseling, psychotherapy, andLowe 3antidepressant medicines can all be used. Lifestyle changes are also a good way to treat depression. (Depression)Schizophrenia is an illness that can affect ones ability to think clearly, manage emotions, and interact with others. It affects each person dealing with this disease differently. Most people with schizophrenia hear and see things that are not there, believe things that are not true, and think that others are trying to harm them. All three of these are known as: hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia. There are several types of schizophrenia. The most common is paranoid schizophrenia, which causes people to have frightening thoughts, believe people want to harm them, and hear voices. In some people, brain chemistry and brain structure might be the cause of this disease. While in others, family genetics and problems during their mother's pregnancy may be the cause. The symptoms are categorized into three classifications. One of...

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