Migration & Urban Slums In Nigeria & Its Environmental Impact University Of Lagos, Department Of Sociology, 300level Assignment

3491 words - 14 pages

The rising growth of urban population in recent years has been attributed to the unequal development of the cities and their rural counterpart. Especially in developing countries like Nigeria, the urban centers remain the cynosure of attraction among the rural dwellers, pushing them in their regions in search of greener pastures. Unfortunately, the cities carrying capacities (support system) usually do not meet the infrastructural and resource need of these new immigrants. A major consequence of this sorry state-of-affair is the expansion and development of shanty or slum settlements to meet the housing needs of mostly the urban poor. Many urban dwellers who could not afford comfortable living quarters due to high cost of building their own houses, high house rent, exorbitant acquisition of urban land etc, have sort refuge in slums albeit its near-hell-status. Slums have also developed in major Nigeria cities due to increasing urban poverty, failed government policies which brought further hardship to the urban poor. It is obvious that without active intervention by national governments, rapid unplanned urban expansion will greatly exacerbate what is already a human disaster as slums life consists of insecure employment, state persecution and eviction miserable existence and extreme poverty. Slums are noted for the destruction of the urban landscape and aesthetics through environmental degradation such as erosion, indiscriminate dump of refuse, open defecation and many more.
Migration is simply the movement of people from one place to another involving a change of usual residence. From a technical point of view, Migration is conceived as a form of geographical or spatial mobility between one geographical entity and another generally involving a change in usual residence from a place of origin or departure (i.e where the movement was initiated) to a place of destination or arrival (i.e where the move is terminated). However, not all movements between geographical territories is regarded as migration. For any movement to be classified as migration, it must involve the crossing of a recognised political and administrative boundary, and also not for a short period (usually shouldn't be less than 6 months).
Migration may be internal or international. If the movement does not involve the crossing of an international boundary, then it is internal migration. Internal migration could be rural-urban (which is the prevalent type), rural-rural, urban-rural or urban-urban. For a movement which involves the crossing of an international boundary then it is classified as an international migration.
1.) The Labour Mobility Theory or The Push & Pull Factors Theory of Migration
The labour mobility theory or the push & pull factors theory of migration argues that labour movement across the world has always been determined by fluctuations in the demand and supply of labour relative to wages paid by the lab...


Role of the EU in Enforcing Environmental Laws - Law - assignment

1047 words - 5 pages institutions have developed the right set of standards. The EU has developed the right set of policies that enables the countries of the European Union to be more environmental friendly while also protecting the natural resources (Reid, 2016). This is a mechanism to ensure that the well-being of the people is protected. In line to the issue, there are various polices formulated that seek to protect these natural resources (Jordan, 2009). Provides

Corporation Law and its impact on firms - Monash university - Assignment

992 words - 4 pages principle that a company is a separate legal person is a cornerstone of company law. This was firmly established in the landmark case of Salomon v Salomon (1897) where the House of Lords held that a company is considered to be a new legal entity. [4.02] Although a company has a separate entity, a company is an artificial body, thus the acts of a company must be conducted through its directors, officers and other agents. The concept of a company

Construction Productivity and its improvement - University of Florida/ BCN5470 - Assignment

560 words - 3 pages BCN5470- Construction Methods Improvement Assignment Module-1 Q.1- 1. • 2007-2008 Wage- $16/hr Number of bricks placed/day- 240 Cost per brick = $0.54 • 2008-2009 Wage- $16.96/hr Number of bricks placed/day- 242.4 = 242 bricks Cost per brick = $0.56 • 2009-2010 Wage- $17.97/hr Number of bricks placed/day- 244.8 = 245 bricks Cost per brick = $0.59 • 2010-2011 Wage- $19.05/hr Number of bricks placed/day- 247.24 = 247

The Effects of Globalization in Daily Life - Sociology 101 (University of Mississippi) - Essay

914 words - 4 pages Elijah Hollowell Application Assignment #2 For the majority of humanity’s existence, its members were in a state of relative isolation. Cut off by physical (mountains, deserts, oceans, etc.) and ideological (religion and politics barriers, the liberalization of mankind’s values and morals has been a slow and crawling process. However, advances in technology and, more specifically, communication technology has rapidly sped up this process. The

A Complete Evaluation Of The Country Of Nigeria

1565 words - 7 pages Free to write about because I have been to a country in Africa and was impressed by its culture.LANDSCAPENigeria is situated in the heart of Africa, bordering Togo, Niger, Cameroon and Chad.In the north-west of Nigeria lies the Sokoto plains named after the Sokoto River. The Sokoto River floods during the raining season depositing rich soil good for agriculture but destroying homes sometimes. In Nigeria's north-east lies the Chad Basin, a region of

One.tel colllapse. It describes how One.tel colllapsed. The reasons behind its demise - university of wollongong - assignment

1028 words - 5 pages its operations in May 2001. One.Tel started to grow very rapidly after its establishment. It started with 1000 subscribers in 1995 but in a span of 4 years its turnover was $326 million with 642000 subscribers and had an operating profit of $9.9 million. However, though its sales revenue were increasing with each passing year but the cash conversion ratio was too low. Which means though the sales were increasing but the company was getting short of

Impact Of Mass Media In Bangladesh

4181 words - 17 pages Term paper:Title: Impact of Mass media in Bangladesh.Submitted to:Lutfun Nahar LataFaculty, Department of Economics and social science (ESS)BRAC UNIVERSITYSubmitted by:Anita Islam Saiba ID- 14104161Nikita Azmi Hasan ID- 13103007Nusrat Sharif ID- 14104021Index Chapter Page no. 1. Introduction 5 2. Methodology 2.1 Focus Group 6 2.2 Group Size 6 2.3 Data Collection 6 2.4 Data Analysis 2.5 Limitation 7 3

Colorism and its role in today's society - University of Michigan / English 1010 - Essay

1204 words - 5 pages Colorism Colorism is a term that is often both misunderstood as well as overlooked. The need to remain within the boundaries of what is politically correct has caused this discussion to be swept under the rug time and time again. As a result, ignorance continues to grow in numbers as the issue itself grows at an even more rapid pace. For hundreds of years society has accepted colorism as a normal practice and integrated its usage into our

Sociology is the study of human interaction - Assignment school - Essay

1636 words - 7 pages Sociology is the study of human interaction. It focuses on life, change, causes and consequences of human behaviour (Cornell University of Sociology, 2008). In relation to health, sociology is responsible for acquiring quantitative data that resulted from social surveys, epidemiological and comparative studies (Health Knowledge, 2011). This stands for possible influences of the society and human processes and interaction in determining health

Impact Of Real GDP In Home Building

525 words - 3 pages The best measure of the economy's health is the real growth rate (growth in excess of inflation) of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). A recession is considered to be a period when GDP growth is negative for two consecutive quarters. The country's Real Gross Domestic Product is the sum of the output of goods and services that are located in the United States. GDP is a measure of total spending in three categories (consumer spending, business

The Impact of European Imperialism in Africa

593 words - 3 pages European Imperialism started in the early1800's; with the goal to prove they had wealth andpower. European nations competed with each otherto gain territory in Africa. The more they gain themore powerful they thought they would become.Africa was soon bled of it's human resources. TheEuropeans induced slavery for the beneift of theMuslim countries, from the nineth century to thenineteenth century. The last four centuries of whichwere regular

Databases Used By The Department Of Correction And Rehabilitations

956 words - 4 pages resources.The databases CDCR uses hold a lot of information. This information can be pay role, Purchase orders, faxes, e-mails, and much more. Each section of the database has its specific function. The databases used in CDCR allow for quick and in most cases paperless retrieval of information. Since we use a database, all users within the department will have access to the information; furthermore, the data can be entered by many workstations

Assess The Roles Played By Science And Technology In The Construction Of C19th And/Or C20th American Urban Space?

1894 words - 8 pages After World 1 the United States were left virtually unharmed, the United States was even able to experience a decade of peace and prosperity following such a disastrous war. Of the many reasons for America's prosperity, technology played one of the most vital parts in bringing the great economic and cultural prosperity that America experienced during the 1920s. New advancements, new discoveries, and new inventions such as the car, radio

Ford Achieved 75% Reduction In Head Count In Its Accounts Payable Department By Reengineering. What Did Ford Reengineer?

1100 words - 5 pages 1.Ford achieved 75% reduction in head count in its accounts payable department by reengineering. What did Ford reengineer?2.What are the features of this reengineering and how has IS contributed to it?3.Besides the reduction in headcount, what are other benefits, if any, of this reengineering? Explain your answer.1. These remarkable results were achieved not by applying automation to the existing process but by using shared data and database

Segregation in the Education system - Sociology of education - Segregation

2342 words - 10 pages Foundation of Racial Disparities in the Standardized Testing Era: The impact of School Segregation and the Assault on Public Education in Virginia”(Article 5), standardized tests are used to evaluate students, teacher and administrative !3 effectiveness as well as recognize the racial disparities between black and white students in Virginia, K-12 public school system (Brunn-Bevel and Byrd, abstract). The migration of black students from rural