This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Models Of Behavior And Principles Of Learning

1839 words - 8 pages

Lesson 1Short Answer1. Define the experimental method. Describe one major way the experimental method differs from the correlational method.The experimental method is a manipulation of an independent variable to look for an effect on a dependent variable. That is, the experimental method includes experiments to find the relationship between one dependent variable and one independent variable. Thus, the casual relationship between the dependent and independent variable can be clearly found due to the absence of the third variable. But the disadvantage is that the distorted behaviors - since there is just one dependent and independent variable, everything outside the variables are artificially ...view middle of the document...

Psychodynamic models mean that the behaviors are driven or motivated by powerful inner forces. In this view, human actions stem from inherited instincts, biological drives, and attempts to resolve conflicts between personal needs and society's demands. And the main purpose of it is to reduce tension.Humanistic models state that human are active creatures who are innately good and capable to choose. In this view, the main task for humans is to strive for growth and development of their potentials.5. Give a hypothetical example of classical conditioning. Be sure to label the unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response.I have several pet parrots. I hide the food bowl so that they will not keep eating all the time; I only show the food bowl when it is time for meal. Before I feed them, I always tap the food bowl for 5 times and show the food bowl with food. At first, when I tap the food bowl, they didn't react to the tapping sound. After a long time, when I tap the food bowl, my parrots fly towards the food bowl to eat, no matter what they are initially doing or there is any food inside the food bowl.Before the conditioning, food is the unconditioned stimulus while the flying towards the food bowl to eat is the unconditioned response (since I can't measure their salivation). During the conditioning, the tapping sound is the conditioned stimulus while the food is the unconditioned stimulus; the action of flying towards the food bowl is the conditioned response. After conditioning, whenever I tap the food bowl, this conditioned stimulus evokes the conditioned response, making my parrots flying towards the food bowl no matter whether there is food inside.6. Assume that you are baby-sitting your eight-year-old nephew. Give one example of positive reinforcement and one example of negative reinforcement that you might use.Assume that my nephew needs to take an afternoon nap, and he loves candy and cartoon shows in the TV. If he can wake up compliantly from his afternoon nap on time, I give him a candy. And then he will be able to wake up compliantly on time. Since his action creates an event that I bring him some desire, and then the desire motivates my nephew to increase the probability of that behavior, this is a positive reinforcement. If he cannot wake up compliantly from his nap on time, I don't allow him to watch the cartoon shows. Then he will wake up compliantly on time. Because he doesn't want to miss the cartoons which are a potential desire, this motivates my nephew to wake up compliantly and on time, that is increasing the probability of that behavior. Hence, this is a negative reinforcement.10. Define observational learning. Describe the conditions that make a model's behavior most influential.Observational learning is the individual, after simply watching another person's actions or behaviors that was reinforced or punished, later behaves in much the same way. Although there are many possible...

Other Essays On Models Of Behavior And Principles Of Learning

Operation Definition of "Organization Behavior" Essay

517 words - 3 pages Operation Definition of "Organization Behavior"Organization Behavior is the study of individual performance in an institution. It studies both the behavior of workers and the management so that a manager can launch a management style, which can be best fitted to a specific institution. Since we all know that human resource is the most valuable asset of a company, organizational behavior provide insight into strategies to yield optimum output. A

An Essay On Capitalism Describing Basic Market Principles And The Nature Of Government And Freedom. Somewhat Randian

1537 words - 7 pages Capitalism is in most aspects a refined form of all economic systems in history. While, many socialists see it as barbaric and competitive, capitalism represents the basic system nearly all countries practice on a national level. The difference between capitalism and socialism is the level on which they choose to practice capitalism. The United States practices capitalism on an individual level more so than say Great Britain and much more so

Decision-Making And The Impact Of Work-Related Stress On Organizational Behavior

763 words - 4 pages Decision MakingWhat is decision-making? Decision-making is a process that has been derived from reasoning. It is a process that uses such methods a brainstorming, benchmarking, mind mapping and flow-charts to reach a decision. Decision-making follows a series of 6-8 steps to identify, evaluate and solve a problem. It also includes a method to evaluate the final decision and measure the impact of that decision.Decision-making is central to human

Locomotor Behavior Of Sarcophaga Bullata (Flesh Fl

1619 words - 7 pages Locomotor Behavior of Sarcophaga bullata in response to various light stimuli Introduction: The species Sarcophaga bullata (flesh fly) is from the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda and Class Insecta. Flesh flies live all over the world, generally in warm, moist climates. The flesh fly goes through the process of complete metamorphosis that consists of four stages: egg, larva (=maggot), pupa, to adult in about eight days. Through these

Transfer Of Learning: Not Just An Afterthought

1782 words - 8 pages and management, develop materials understanding application context, select training methods with participation, and determine schedules and resources.3. Deliver Training That Ensures Learning ? link general principles to real world examples, help learner?s experience with application context, use methods that enhance transfer; practice, feedback, discussion, critical reflection. Include training that meets the needs of the adult learner by

The Social Learning Theory Of Bandura

1690 words - 7 pages The Social Learning Theory of Bandura emphasises the importance of observing and modelling the behaviours, attitudes and emotional reactions of others. The Social Learning Theory explains human behaviour in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioural, an environmental influences, suggesting that behaviour can be learned at the cognitive level through observing other people's actions. (Blackburn, 1993) This suggests

Learning Team Analysis Of Business Specialties

1930 words - 8 pages funding categoryWe assist both providers and public agencies in developing care management models that improve the delivery of care for hard-to-serve children and families across systems: mental health, mental retardation, substance abuse, special education, child welfare, and juvenile justice.A care management organization approach to improving children's services is beneficial in many locations. A key concept is to harness the capabilities of

Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations

437 words - 2 pages Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations. The purpose of such study is to help internal incorporation, bring employees from all levels of the company closer together, and boost their performance. Employees are what make up an organization or a company. A company must run successfully; therefore, the employees have to work well together. People work

An Essay Portraying A Basic Understanding Of Bilingualism In Children, Including Definitions, Adavantages And Disadvantages, And Critical Ages In Which Learning Is Best

615 words - 3 pages children may find it difficult to express an idea with words of one language, and may find it easier to convay their message in the other. Also, one language may be considered for informal use, while another language, spoken outside of the home, will be more formal. A separation of the two languages is a gradual process, and there will often be periods when one language will be put to use more often then the other. Children have the capacity to

A Study On The Internet Browsing Behavior Of Senior Filipino High School Students

2071 words - 9 pages I.Profile of RespondentsOur topic is inclined with the browsing behavior of 4th year high school students. With that, we requested seniors from random different schools such as Saint Jude Catholic School, Philippine Cultural High School, Grace Christian High School and the like to answer an online survey regarding their purpose of using the web and their corresponding browsing behaviors.We took 30 samples from the whole population and equalized

Othello- analysis of speech by Iago taken from Act 2 Scene 3 occurs just after the brawl between Cassio and Montano, where Othello is disgusted with his lieutenant's behavior and dismisses Cassio

505 words - 3 pages English SpeechThis vital speech by Iago taken from Act 2 Scene 3 occurs just after the brawl between Cassio and Montano, where Othello is disgusted with his lieutenant's behavior and dismisses Cassio. From the beginning Iago behaves in this way because of his intense jealousy he has at Othello for promoting Cassio over him.His motivation develops further due to jealousy of both Cassio and Othello, and their happiness. These projections of hate

Similar Papers

Comparing Hal And Henry's Models Of Statescraft

1115 words - 5 pages Comparing Hal and Henry's Models of StatescraftTo compare the difference between King Henry and Prince Hal's style of statecraft, first we have to understand the basic philosophy of each. The King belives that to effectively lead the country one needs to lead by example. According to the King's philosophy the best man is the one who lives a pure life and garners respect and honor from all men. To the King's way of thinking Hotspur is more fit to

Analysis Of Fayol's 14 Principles

2536 words - 11 pages pioneer behind the general administrative approach was Henri Fayol. He was the key figure in the turn-of-the-century Classical School of management theory with his own development of a universal set of four management functions thats consist of Planning, Organizing, Leading (Commanding and Coordinating) and Control, which is seen very much applicable in today's business world.Fayol's 14 principles of management are also linked to his four functions

Short Analysis Of The Principles Of Republicanism

475 words - 2 pages . Republics of the time required a particular sort of virtuous people: independent, property-owning citizens who were willing to compete for themselves and the good of the whole community. Equality and Liberty lay at the heart of republicanism. No longer would one's social position and economic success rest on his/her family ties or whom they knew.It strikes me, that some of the basic founding principles of our forefathers has escaped the mainstream. Of course times are different but these principles remain worthy of study.

Study Notes Of Lectures On Markov Assumptions, Machine Learning, Brain Learning, Types Of Learning, Memory, And Qualia

769 words - 4 pages next to each otherMANY LEVELS TO THE BRAINWhat/where pathwaysSensory motorBrocas and Wernicke’s regionsHow memory worksDisruption of memory of letters by counting backwardsTransfer of info from STM to LTMHow emotion ties to different parts of the brain?What does emotion do at a functional level?-Neurotransmitters—physical level description, sending signals across longer ranges of the brain-Reinforcement learning = dopamine = reward