Models Of Democracy Essay About The Models Of Democracy And How It Is Used In Our Us Government Valdosta State University/ American Government Essay

1557 words - 7 pages

Jensen Armstrong
American Government
Professor- Ernest Smith
Due date- 01/16/16
Models of Democracy Paper
As Franklin D. Roosevelt once said “Let us never forget that government is ourselves and not an alien power over us. The ultimate rulers of our democracy are not a President and senators and congressman and government officials, but the voters of this country.” Which he is right, we the people have a lot of say in government and democracy. Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Democracy has two different parts which are called models of democracy, they are majoritarian and pluralist democracy. Majoritarian democracy is the classical theory of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as government by the majority of the people. So in other words it is basically the way the government lets us have a say in what goes on. They make a set of rules of what is required and the people that fit those qualifications run against each other and we the people vote them in. That is why it’s called majoritarian because of majority rule. Of course there are other rules besides just winning the majority but that is beside the point. The other one is pluralist democracy which is an interpretation of democracy in which “government by the people is taken to mean government by the people operating through competing interest groups”. An interest group is an organized group of individuals that seeks to influence public policy; also called a lobby. This evolution all started when they needed a change from the majoritarian democracy because it was “government by some of the people” in the 1950s. Some examples of interest groups in this time period was the Future Farmers of America, Chambers of Commerce, and Animal protection groups. There is innumerable amount and they often shared things like race, religion, culture, and economic etc.
The majoritarian democracy worked in some ways that the pluralist democracy did and the other way around. The majoritarian mainly got the opinion of the people by polls they would send out. But when only 40 percent answer the polls it isn’t a very reliable source. Which is why the saying going from “government by the people” too “government by some of the people”. This pluralist model is saying, “democracy exists when many (plural) organizations operate separately from the government, press their interests on the government, and even challenge the government.” (Quoted from our textbook The Challenge of Democracy: American Government in Global Politics. page 39) The best way for the pluralist democracy to succeed is in a decentralized structure. In a centralized structure of government, the decisions are made at the top of the hierarchy. The Pluralist model doesn’t work in the structure because the top is too busy to listen to all the interest groups so they don’t get a say in the decision making. With a decentralized structure there are loop holes and more than one person in charge so they can voice their opinion. I think that depending on where you live and your income deters which structure you think is better. More money means more power in our society so the more money you have the more say you have in government. The more money you give to the government the more pull you will have in decisions. They say that the interest groups in Washington are doing great because they live so close. But for someone who lives in California and doesn’t have a lot of money besides mail it is hard to voice your opinion to people who live on the opposite side of the country. Which really sucks for those who don’t have money because they should get a say and it is really hard for them. The majoritarian structure is a lot different than that. It says in the book that the way they control and get a say in what they want is they pick someone who has the same values in the first place. Which is not a very good system because their views could change or they could lie to get elected and then what are they going to do? They would have to wait until that term is over to reelect someone else. But it also has more than just electing in this model. Some candidates (in the 24 states that allow it) do a policy question in a ballot and allow them to vote on it like that. About the same twenty-four states allow something called an initiative. Which is where people can send around a petition and if they get enough signatures they but their question on the ballot. Eighteen states approved that the state can have a recall on a state judge or sitting governor to get booted out of office. Initiatives are actually very common you would think more states would allow it. For example, Ohio passed a law that workers like teachers and police officers aren’t allowed to have restrict unions. This happened to fall on an election year so it got put on the ballot and the law got overturned with a 61 percent vote to change it. I would say the main difference between the two models are where the say and authority comes from. In pluralism that comes from the government with interest groups saying their opinion and the government doing what they want with it. The majoritarian model is more authority from the people. Also majoritarian is more traditional while pluralism in more classical way of government. In my opinion I also think the pluralist model gets more things done because the interest groups have people with similar interests come together to get their opinion. The majoritarian model is more of everyone coming together which never really works when not everyone agrees on things. Republicans and democrats never work very efficiently together because their opinions are on opposite ends of the spectrum.
The things that majoritarian and pluralist have in common are slim to none honestly. It wasn’t very hard to come up with things that were different because the pluralist model was made because at that time the people didn’t think the polls were working because less than half of the adult population wouldn’t answer the questions. Which doesn’t help the government at all with no constructive criticism. It is easy to say something isn’t working but it is hard to actually do something about it. The way I look at it, it seems like the only thing in common is they both have to do with the government. But even then that is very vague.
In my opinion I think that neither of these are better. They all have stronger sides and weaker sides like most things in life. I think the majoritarian model is better in the way that it is more of an opinion from everyone while pluralist is only the opinions from thee interest groups. I like the pluralist democracy better because it has more say in actions the government takes while majoritarian is just really the election process. I also like the idea of majoritarian model needing mass participation to succeed while the pluralist model using the interest groups opinion if they want. It is hard to pick one that is better because they both could use some work. The one that I think fits are United States government the best is majoritarian model. This one is more textbook democracy because it is older while the other one is newer. I think it also changes by who is the president because everyone is different. I think Donald Trump, being a business man before being elected president, will use the pluralist model more. I think Barack Obama was more majoritarian and more by the textbook. But of course that is just my opinion. I also think that if I had to pick which one was better I would pick the pluralist because it gets more people involved in what is going on in the government. I don’t like that it basically says in the majoritarian model that once you pick someone then there is nothing really left to do. You just have to learn to pick better in the next election.
If I had to make my own model of democracy, I would make it a perfect medium between the two. I would still have the voting and all the polls. But I will also still have a decentralized government and allow the interest groups. Who says you have to only pick one? The interest groups are more of the top tier people. I would change that too even people without money can have an interest group and have a say. Not make it the people with money are the ones who have a say. The government is supposed to be for the people not just the rich people. While money does move peoples’ opinion I can’t solve that problem. No one can solve that problem unfortunately. But there are bigger fish to fry here. I would have initiative approved in all fifty states because it is another way for the people to voice their opinions.
References –
All information and quotes were from our textbook “The Challenge of Democracy: American Government in Global Politics”


Roles of our elected representatives in Government - Valley Civics - Essay

469 words - 2 pages Free Our congresspersons on the state and/or national level are our representatives in the making of laws in our country. They are supposed to speak for us when it comes to making laws and they make many decisions that legally impact our lives. Our representatives have four different roles that they can play while they are representing us the delegate, the trustee, the politico, and the partisan. The Delegate: In the role of the Delegate the

The three Branches of US Government

508 words - 3 pages branch is made up of the Congress and Government agencies, this includes the House of representatives and the Senate. The constitution gave this branch the power of making laws.Another branch of the United States government is the Judicial Branch. This branch is made up of the court system this includes the supreme court. The supreme court is the highest court in the United States. Courts decide arguments about the meaning of laws, how they are

Article II of the US Constitution grants the president numerous powers and responsibilities - Government - Paper

1437 words - 6 pages Free officials in the executive branch, but after George Washingtons term. Custom gave the chief executive power to remove appointees. Finally, legislation granted him the power to reorganize agencies and to prepare the budgets. In the role of chief of state, the president acts as a ceremonial head of the federal government. This is an extremely important role, for in this capacity, the president must greet distinguished visitors, bestow medals, and host

Paper On Government Taking Us Over

477 words - 2 pages believe the information for the ?Homeland Security? phrase could be related to a logical fallacy. ?Fair Use of Information? is used in this phrase. The writer of this article points out that illegal immigration problems with our border patrol have just recently started. The United States has had problems with illegal immigrants for many, many years. This information is not completely up to date, which makes it a logical fallacy.In closing, we can

Capital Punishment should be used for serious offences - Mercer community college and Government - essay

1611 words - 7 pages Free magnitude of the crime committed, death penalty is the right way to go.           In continuation, an argument put forth by death penalty my opponents ‘abolitionists’ is the possibility of executing an innocent person. Many people that argue this overestimate how often this happens, it is an extremely rare occurrence and has not happened since the death penalty was reintroduced in 1976. No system of justice can produce results which are 100

This essay is about the spread of chlamydia and how fast it has spread in the US - University of Texas/ Health and well being - research paper

1324 words - 6 pages more than whites. When looking at a map of Louisiana that shows where chlamydia is more prevalent we tend to see it to be more frequently found in African-American populated communities. These communities suffer from poverty and you start to see the connection between races, socioeconomic status and community characteristics. There are many things that can influence a trend of a specific disease in a community. After researching Chlamydia you

Why the concept of democracy is universally valued and essentially contested? - Democratic Theory - Essay

1516 words - 7 pages Why the concept of democracy is universally valued and essentially contested? Nqubeko Ngubo, Rhodes University Democracy has been a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural life (Dewy, 1970: 13), nurtured by the somewhat false notion that even though democracy is the worst form of government, but it is better compared to other forms that have been tried from time to time. Through this perception and the United States

Government of the United States - government - essay

2084 words - 9 pages ○ Opinion of justice who agrees with the decision of the Court but disagrees with the rationale for reaching that decision ● Until passage of the Judiciary Act of 1925, which gave the Supreme Court greater control over its caseload, the Court decided far more cases than it considers today. ● 2 contributions to the rise in opinion writing... ○ Applying the Bill of Rights to state and federal actions ○ Rise of divided party control of government

Empowered Education, Democracy In The Classroom. Do Principles Of Democracy Enhance Success In The Classroom Or Not? Yes, Also Democracy Is Defined

1386 words - 6 pages take a step away form centralized teaching and standardized testing.A democracy can be defined as a government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives. Yet it must be defined as it applies to the classroom. If looking at this definition, one may think that within each class the students have full say about how that class is run and what is actually done each day in that class? Or does it mean that there is an

Models Of Behavior And Principles Of Learning

1839 words - 8 pages models; and it is within the observer's range of competence to imitate the behavior.Essay Questions1. Design a simple experiment to determine whether or not writing in textbooks (i.e., highlighting) improves students' grades. Be sure to identify the experiment's independent and dependent variables, and to discuss how random assignment would be used in running the experiment.To design this experiment, in roughly speaking, we have to randomly divide

Comparing Hal And Henry's Models Of Statescraft

1115 words - 5 pages Free judge him. It is important to note that Hal does not plan to spend the rest of his life acting in this manner. He does plan to leave this life behind and take on the role of heir apparent to the throne of England.In Act III, scene ii when the King confronts Hal about his delinquencies Hal is quick to agree with the King. He admits that he has not acted the part of a prince and humbled by the condemnation of the King swears a vow to redeem himself

talk about media consolidation and how the media affect our society - university of pittsburgh - essay

931 words - 4 pages cons of globalization. · Explain the concept of citizenship and how it has changed over time. Lecture Outline What are international studies? · International studies is . . . · A field of inquiry that examines human relationships that involve cross-border interactions · A growing field of study · Multidisciplinary · What fields of inquiry do international studies draw upon? · What are the borders that shape our understanding of the world? · The

a role of government in policy making - texas government - essay

732 words - 3 pages state and it does deserve to be trusted. Even further simplifying this are sub-committees which are divisions of the standing committees. This simplification process has a lot do with why the government is trustworthy. If you take into consideration the amount of levels that it takes to get something done, then there is almost no possible way that the power can be obtained by one person. If issues are brought about, or arguments are carried out

A basic understanding of concrete and it is used in modern society - memorial university of newfoundland - essay

2858 words - 12 pages Introduction: Due to its strength, durability and comparatively low cost, concrete is one of the most commonly used building materials today. It is used to produce objects as simple as bricks or as complex as hydroelectric dams. In its simplicity concrete consists of three materials: aggregate, cement and water. When sand and stones (aggregate) along with cement are mixed with water, a chemical process takes place between the water and cement

Essay About Jacksonians Presidency And What A Jacksonian Democracy Is (Timed Essay)

409 words - 2 pages . The oppression of black slaves, Indians, and sometimes other whites such as immigrants still existed despite the growing ideas of equality. Jacksonian Democrats were one-sided in their ideas of political democracy, equal opportunity, and personal liberty; siding towards white males.By 1825 almost all white males could vote, regardless of their ownership of property. This contributes to the idea of equality. Now that everyone could vote, it re