Motivational And Emotional Notes Ap Psychology Research Paper

1869 words - 8 pages

MOTIVATION AND EMOTION
Darwin’s theory of natural selection caused many psychologists to try and explain all human behaviors through instincts, most agree that our behavior is motivated by other biological and psychological factors.
Drive reduction theory – behavior is motivated by biological needs. A need is one of our requirements for survival, a drive is our impulse to act in a way that satisfies this need
Homeostasis- balanced internal state
Drives are primary and secondary-
Primary- biological needs like thirst and hunger
Secondary – learned drives like money
Drive reduction theory cannot explain all our motivations.
Arousal Theory- states that we seek an optimum level of excitement or arousal, most of us perform best with an optimum level of arousal.
Yerkes-Dobson law –high level of arousal may cause us to perform well at easy tasks but poorly on difficult tasks.
Incentive Theory – sometimes behavior is pulled by a desire, incentives are stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs – Abraham Maslow pointed out that not all needs are created equal
Hunger Motivation – Why do we become hungry
Biological Basis – There are several biological factors
-Stomach sensation of being full
-Hypothalamus, specifically the lateral and ventomedial parts if destroyed or stimulated determine hunger
-Set-point theory, says hypothalamus wants to maintain a certain optimum body weight
Psychological factors
-external cues, attractiveness or availability of food
-Garcia effect, learned taste aversions
-Culture and background
Eating Disorders – different cultures have drastically different rates of eating disorders, rates are highest in the U.S. The three most common are:
· Bulimia – Bulimics eat large amounts of food in a short period of time and then get rid of the food by vomiting, excessive exercise, or the use of laxatives. (Binge then Purge) Bulimics are obsessed with food and their weight, the majority of bulimics are women
· Anorexia Nervosa - Anorexics starve themselves to below 85 percent of their normal body weight and refuse to eat due to their obsession with weight, the vast majority are women
· Obesity – People with diagnosed obesity are severely overweight, often over 100 pounds, and the excess weight threatens their health. Obese people typically have unhealthy eating habits rather than the food obsessions of the other two disorders. Some people may also be genetically predisposed to obesity
Social Motivation –
Achievement Motivation – Humans seem to be motivated to figure out our world and master skills, sometimes regardless of the benefits of the skills or knowledge. Studies involve looking at differences in how people set and meet personal goals and go about acquiring new knowledge or skills.
Extrinsic/Intrinsic Motivation-
Extrinsic motivators are rewards that we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves Ex. Grades, salary, etc.
Intrinsic motivators are rewards we get internally, such as enjoyment or...

Other Essays On motivational and Emotional notes - AP psychology - Research paper

PSYCHOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY RESEARCH PAPER - maryward catholic secondary school IDC4U1: UNIT 3 - RESEARCH PAPER

960 words - 4 pages IDC4U2: UNIT 1-2 TEST REVIEW Physiological: ​having to do with an organism’s physical processes Cognitive: ​having to do with an organism’s thinking and understanding Psychiatry: ​a branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders Psychoanalyst: ​a psychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior 4 Goals of Psychology: psychologists seek to do four things—describe, explain

Genetically modified food and organisms disadvantages - Eastside High School/AP Language and Composition - Research Paper

2081 words - 9 pages Anna McGowan Rachel Estell AP Language and Composition: 3rd period 16 January 2019 Genetically modified foods research essay Intro/thesis paragraph According to Jae-Hwan Han and R. Wes Harrison , “ Genetically modified foods and organisms (GMOs) are produced using scientific technologies that involve taking genes from one species and inserting them in another to transfer a desired trait or characteristic.” (Jae-Hwan Han and R. Wes Harrison, 2007

Test measurement research paper - Psychology 7701 - Research

2568 words - 11 pages 2 Review and Selection of Standardized Test Bianca Odoms Capella University Introduction My goal is to obtain my Masters’ Degree in Psychology with specialization in Applied Behavior Analysis. Once I do everything to get certified in BCBA I will be on road to making difference in the black community. I always had the passion to helping others and enjoyed working with children. But for the longest I could not figure out what I really wanted to do

Research, Statistics, And Psychology

1460 words - 6 pages of human knowledge. Also, epistemology is considered to be the most important thing of what makes a human being what he is- making all other branches of philosophy depend on epistemology. This goes to the fact that the whole nature of philosophy involves rationality (dependant on knowledge). To distinguish between good knowledge and rubbish is to make sure one makes the right research, tests, and calculations to be as adequate and accurate as

psychology essay research paper - msmu psy - research

1790 words - 8 pages physiological arousal had taken place. For example, if you were to encounter a mountain lion your fight or flight response would initiate, which would cause your heart beat to race and increase your respiration rate after the encounter with the mountain lion. The Cannon- Bard theory of is the opposite of the James-Lange theory, it states that physiological arousal and emotional experience occur simultaneously yet independently. In this case if you were to

Analysis on how one can become happier - Ap language and composition - Research paper

3284 words - 14 pages is much more likely to feel disappointed and unhappy when their expectations aren’t met. Live in the moment Ram Dass, former Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University and an expert on the science of happiness, believes that the secret to happiness is simply to stop thinking so much about the future; he feels so strongly about the fact that he wrote a book on it, titled “Be Here Now”. Ram isn’t wrong for his concerns. We as a

Educational Psychology final paper - educational psychology - Research paper

2665 words - 11 pages Baylie Skawinski Educational Psychology and Child Development Final Paper 12/15/17 KNOWLEDGE OF STUDENTS Bronfenbrenner’s model is a theory of educational psychology that studies human development over time. He came up with four ecological systems that an individual interacted with. Microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem. The first layer (microsystem) Is the first and immediate layer of the nested systems. It holds the human

Comparative Analysis on Initiation and Merit of Human Rearing Practices and Transhumanism - AP English Language and Composition - Research Paper

2931 words - 12 pages trahnshumansim is promising indeed, but there still exists an unknown number of unforeseen technological issues and ethical dilemmas within our sights to dig in. Thus, in this research paper on the specific topic of initiation and the merit of traditional human rearing practices and conducts of transhumanism, which represent the old and the new, to explore future possibilities and issues. We conclude that the initiation processes of both conducts display

Crim 133 Paper for notes that are from UBC and not shared by anyone - UBC - Research Paper

890 words - 4 pages association with other risk factors Poverty Influences Parent Behavior · Adds additional stressors · Parents working 2 jobs · May reduce nurturing and consistent parenting · Aggressive discipline Association with Delinquent Peers · Peers influence social/emotional development · Delinquency predicted by delinquency of friends · Act in groups 3 Perspectives on Influence of Peers · Direct result of assoc. with deviant peers · Deviant youths seek similar

The economics of university accessibility - Ap seminar - research paper

1380 words - 6 pages THE ECONOMIC FACTORS OF UNIVERSITY ACCESSIBILITY 1 ​ The Economic factors of University Accessibility Is university becoming less accessible to students in Canada? AP Seminar 2018 Word Count: 1118 THE ECONOMIC FACTORS OF UNIVERSITY ACCESSIBILITY 2 ​The question: What economic factors affect university accessibility? Accessibility being admissions/acceptance and participation, has been studied and reviewed in many articles. Studies from all over

A Study of censorship in history, and should it be used in the school system. - AP Language - Research Paper

1126 words - 5 pages Ryan Hunt Jones P.1 12/12/17 Research Paper Censorship is used by companies, and governments to “tone down” art that people may deem inappropriate for the general public. Many times artists will have to make a “clean” version of their songs for use on the radio, and even certain classic books aren’t allowed in schools because of mature themes, and vulgar language. At what point does censorship go from protecting children from sensitive material

Similar Papers

Psyhchology And School Shootings Parkview Hs Ap Psychology Research Paper

1566 words - 7 pages Running head: psychology and school shootings 1 psychology and school shootings 8 Psychology and School Shootings: How to Address an Epidemic of Violence Aidan Stewart Parkview High School Abstract This paper will describe a growing societal problem—mass school shootings in the United States. It will describe the psychological science research on what causes certain students to act out in mass school shootings and what steps can be taken to

The Psychology Of Emotional Health Psychology Application Paper

724 words - 3 pages feelings that are advantageous for adaptive purposes. The intellectual and physical factors that effect emotional health were reviewed here with detailed facts and reasoning. The research presented through this work of writing brings to light an educated reasoning of what biological aspects influence emotional health and how. References Feldman, R. S. (2017). Essentials of understanding psychology (12th ed., Introduction to psychology). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. MacDonald, C. A. (n.d.). The Biology of Emotions. Retrieved May 31, 2018, from https://healthpsychology.org/the-biology-of-emotions/

Research Essay Over Gun Control/Pro Gun Rights Ap Language And Composition Research Paper

2036 words - 9 pages Loffredo Jackson Loffredo Ms. Crosbie AP Language and Composition B2 30 April 2018 The Second Amendment Growing up in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area, with a majority of my extended family and friends being active hunters or been apart of shooting sports, guns have been a normal part of life. My uncle taught me how to shoot when I was around 11 or 12 years old, and I learned how to respect and use a gun properly. As I have become a more mature

History And Methods Ap Psychology Essay Essay

1452 words - 6 pages Unit 1 Modules 1-3 History • Wilhelm Wundt- founded first research lab in 1879- birth of scientific psychology • Structuralism – studied consciousness- introspection, examining one’s mind and what one is thinking and feeling. Edward Titchener • Functionalism- look at function not structure, stress adaptation to the environment. • William James (Principles of Psychology in 1890) John Dewey • Gestalt psychology – focus on the totality of