Nationalism Essay

1494 words - 6 pages

Some composers began to produce operettas, which were popular from the mid-1800s to about 1920. These operettas differed from operas in the form and style of the music. Operettas used spoken instead of sung dialogue, and the songs were simplified.

The overture for an operetta was usually a selection from all the tunes of the operetta rather than a separate composition.

Music of the Romantic period focused on the theme of nationalism in the late nineteenth century. Nationalist composers used folk literature, dances, songs, and legendary characters from a particular country as the inspiration for their work. Nationalist music continued into the twentieth century.

This rise in nationalism can be traced to many political revolutions that occurred in the mid-nineteenth century. Countries such as Italy and Germany became united, creating a national identity for their people.

There was also a rush of European countries to colonize the continent of Africa in the late 1800s. These colonial rivalries, along with an arms race and political alliances, were factors that contributed to the outbreak of World War I in 1914.

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827) Beethoven was one of the most important composers of the Romantic period. His work changed the focus of music from the past when it was written for religious ceremonies or public performances. Beethoven had a profound influence on romantic composers. He moved the composition of music away from the restrictions of social, commercial, religious, and teaching interests. He made a living without the help of rich patrons or religious organizations.

The musical works of Beethoven spanned the classical and Romantic periods of music. He provided the example of using music to deliver a theme or message.
For example, Beethoven's third symphony, Eroica, highlighted what Napoleon symbolized to the French people. The opera Fidelio was inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution.

Beethoven's music includes nine symphonies for the orchestra, many overtures, five piano concertos, and a violin concerto.

He also composed chamber music for string quartets, trios, and violin and cello sonatas, as well as thirty-five piano sonatas, cantatas, and masses. One of his most famous works for the piano was "Moonlight Sonata." Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (1792 - 1868) Rossini was one of the most important composers of opera in the first half of the nineteenth century. The Barber of Seville, written in 1816, is possibly the best comic opera of all time. Rossini wrote both comic opera (opera buffa) and serious opera (opera seria).

Rossini was a prolific writer, completing as many as four operas a year. Some of his other operas include Otello, written in 1816, Cinderella, composed in 1817, and The Lady of the Lake, completed in 1819.

Franz Schubert (1797 - 1828)

Schubert was an Austrian composer who wrote many types of music. He began composing at the age of thirteen and had trouble supporting hims...

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