Neoplatonic Philosphers Of The 11th Century The Major Philosophies Of Anselm, Al Ghazali, Abelard And Acquinas

2232 words - 9 pages

The main conflict in the eleventh century is between those who see theology as little more than Bible commentary and those who feel that rational analysis and argument was needed. The first group argued that God was such a mystery, so intellectually inaccessible, that we could hope to talk about him at all only in the symbolic language he himself had graciously given us for that purpose. Nor could we expect to get beyond that language, to infer other truths from it by reason. On the contrast we have a second division of this time that sees God as friendly and sensible and believes there must be reason and rational behind faith. During this time period we see the development of Neoplatonic ...view middle of the document...

Anselm argues that it all happened because it was the only logical decision to make, given the divine powers of omnipotence and justice. God had to redeem humankind or else the eternal purposes for this it had been created would have been thwarted and God's omnipotence would have been compromised; yet humankind also had to be punished for the fall or else God's justice would have been compromised
Anselm is best known for being a reformer inside the monastic communities and clergy. I believe that he took Christianity in which many people believed in blindly and began to explain through his own answers the thought behind the faith. This attributes to the new age of reasonable thinking in faith. Anselm is also know for his position of the slave trade and eventually passed a resolution banning the sale. His ideas are seen as the beginning of a new rational faith period.

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/anselm.html
http://www.catholic-forum.com/themes/st_anslem.html

Al-Ghazali is a very similar man to St. Anselm save the fact he practiced Islam. Al-Ghazali believed in the exactness of math and science, he trusted in rationalism and reason. Al-Ghazali however believed that there should be limitations on excessive rationalism. One of his biggest contributions is defining the philosophies of Neoplatonic rationalism and religion as finite and infinite, respectively. This is essential because it keeps the emphasis on religion over reason, but yet does not eliminate reason.
Most of this man's life was been devoted to teaching reason behind the Moslem practices and beliefs. He was known for tailoring his lessons to his students, offering spiritual guidance to logicians, and teaching rhetoric to mystics. Al-Ghazali thought it was imperative that a true Moslem not lose sight of the reasons for his practice. Sufism, at its root, concerns one's own relationship with Allah, and he wanted to communicate his belief that the restrictions and practices of Islam were next to meaningless without a proper understanding of their meaning. Like Anselm he too brought his own ideas to the table on certain topics that were not clear. He gave his followers reason behind the truths they followed.
Another issue that Al-Ghazali influenced was Sufism. At the time Sufism was becoming overly emphasized on petty issues and not properly reflecting between the Moslem and Allah. This caused a reestablishment of the authority and orthodox of the religion. Al-Ghazali was sure to express that sincere Sufism is the true way to the truth.
Al-Ghazali is one of the major philosophers of the Islamic Religion, many of his writings are still taught today. He continued the road of reason in the religion mostly in explaining and shedding light on issues and practices of the religion. Giving authority both to reason and religion Al-Ghazali follows in the age of Neoplatonic Philosophies.

http://mdhd.tripod.com/ghazali2.html
http://members.tripod.com/~wzzz/GHAZALI.html

Peter...

Other Essays On Neoplatonic Philosphers Of The 11th Century The Major Philosophies Of Anselm, Al-Ghazali, Abelard And Acquinas

What is really the meaning of Al-JIhad

313 words - 2 pages Muslims generally classify Jihad into two forms, Jihad Al-Akbar, the Greater Jihad, is said to be the struggle against ones soul (nafs), while Jihad Al-Asgar, the lesser Jihad, is external and is in reference to physical effort, ie. fighting. Traditional Muslim scholars explained there are five kinds of Jihad fi Sabilillah (Jihad in the Cause of Allah): Jihad of the heart/soul ( Jihad bin Nafs/Qalb) , Jihad by the tongue (Jihad bil Lisan), Jihad

Fashion Of The 19th Century Essay

310 words - 2 pages The Fashion of the 19th century in England was called The Victorian era, The most noticeable change in fashions at the beginning of this period was the dropping of the waistline of women's clothing to the position of a woman's natural waist. The high wasted dresses in the early 1820s had hid stomachs but with the natural waistline, corset use began in sincerity. Women laced themselves tighter and tighter as this fifteen-year period progressed.A

Advantages of media in the teenagers of society - Jump City High 11th grade - Assignment

517 words - 3 pages Thato Rose Marabe Dear Priest and the Bishop I hope that this letter finds you well. Honestly I am very exited to be getting confirmed. This means that I can be a more perfect Christian and a witness of Christ by the gifts of the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit which will strengthen me so that I can lead a holy and apostolic life. Not only will this sacrament influence me personally but my position in the parish of the Catholic Church. After I have

The Major Cause of the Second World War and the Rise of Nazism - History - Essay

3240 words - 13 pages 1 Jennifer Gu Craig Chubb Social Studies 24 October 2018 The Major Cause of the Second World War and the Rise of Nazism There is no doubt World War One drastically changed the world. This catastrophic event punctured Europe, leaving it devastated like never seen before. After indescribable suffering and millions dead, the world would never wish to have such a horrendous incident again, creating a peace treaty with reparations against Germany

The Rise Of Hitler And 20th Century Anti-Semitism

3020 words - 13 pages professor, Friedrich Gundolf.Propaganda was to play a major part in the Nazi's rise, and the rise of anti-Semitism in the 20th century. Throughout his life Goebbels suffered from a mental torment about a crippled foot due to contracting Polio as a child, due to this he was rejected from the army to fight in World War I. As the great depression hit Germany in 1927 Goebbels capitalised on this with the skill of a master propagandist and played on the

Influential Technological Advancements Of The 20th Century

832 words - 4 pages The period of 20th century has been recognized and addressed as a period of political war, period of radical change and a period of rapid inventions which transformed the lifestyle of the whole world. The development and the growth in the field of accelerated scientific understanding, more efficient communication, speedy and better controlled transportation, changed the dynamics of the world and the people more than any time in the history of

Discuss The Changes And Continuities Of Russia From The 9th To The 18th Century

1061 words - 5 pages Byzantine Empire, Kievan Rus' developed a principality incorporating loosely organized alliances with regional landed aristocrats, or boyars. The major princes were attracted to the concept of a central ruler who possessed wide powers, and therefore the boyars did not have a significant role in politics. When the Mongols arrived in 1220, Russia had been divided into numerous small kingdoms. The Russian princes, such as Vladimir, possessed most of

“The gender dynamics of Stardust and The Witches." - 20th Century Children's Fiction, NUIG - Essay

1526 words - 7 pages “Analyse the gender dynamics of two novels from the reading list, focusing in particular on powerful malevolent female villains.” For centuries, fairy-tales have formed the backdrop of our childhoods, sowing the seeds from which our imaginations blossomed. While many believe that within fairy-tales “there is always the happy ending” (Newell 6), several 20th century fairy-tales would argue otherwise. The primary aim of this essay is to

Compare And Contrast The Two Main Figures Of The European History Of The 19th Century: Napoleon III And Bismarck

2294 words - 10 pages Revolution in 1863" (P.110 Kissinger). Napoleon tried to weaken Germany and promote France, but the result was contrary: Germany was strengthened; France was weaken and had no more allies to count on. This finally led to the Franco-Prussian War. This war will make the French people realise the severe isolation in which Napoleon III placed them, the change in major powers in Europe. This war also symbolise the downfall of Napoleon III and the

major contributors to the development of modern astronomy - excelsior - essay

1242 words - 5 pages accepted until more than 100 years after his death. Four other major contributors to the development of modern astronomy were Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton. Tycho Brahe was a Danish explorer who was able to pinpoint the location of Mars without a telescope . In fact, the telescope was invented twenty years after Brahe’s discovery (USA.gov Staff, “1500s”). German scientist, Johannes Kepler, discovered three major

19th Century European Imperialism Data Based Essay; Identify And Explain The Political, Economic, And Social Causes Of European Imperialism In The 19th Century

406 words - 2 pages Imperialism, the period of powerful countries conquering and dominating less-developed countries (mainly pertaining to European nations), reached its all-time high from 1870 to 1920. This is due to the economic, political, and social factors of the time. Ranging from feelings of nationalism to the need for more cheap labor, European powers dominated the world, oppressing whomever they needed to.The economic cause of imperialism is mostly

Similar Papers

The Philosophies Of Booker T. Washington And W.E.B. Du Bois

279 words - 2 pages Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois had diverse views of philosophy. Washington was born in the southern agriculture into slavery. He shared the hectic years of Reconstruction, and warily developed a compromise with the white establishment. Du Bois was born in the northern state of Massachusetts. He attended two different Universities and received his doctorate. Washington and Du Bois diverse philosophies, shaped from the differences in

Al Capone         Al Capone Is One Of The Most Famous

962 words - 4 pages Al Capone Al Capone is one of the most famous gangsters in the world. Born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1989, he was the fourth child out of nine children born to his parents who emigrated from Naples, Italy. Capone's trouble started in the sixth grade when he was expelled from school for retaliating and hitting his teacher back after she had hit him. Capone then joined the James Street Gang, a tough gang of young teenagers, run by Johnny

Comparison Of Plato And Aristotle's Philosophies

1032 words - 5 pages Plato and Aristotle are both great philosophers in their own regard. Both agree that the world has a purpose, and that it's not just an accident. Both also hate materialists since in their (materialists') interpretation of the world, value, choice, and freedom are not plausible outcomes, and so morality and rationality do not make sense. And both ask the same question, what does it take to be a good, moral person? Yet, even though Aristotle was

Essay On Letters Of Heloise And Abelard Dartmouth College Hist 42 Essay

902 words - 4 pages 1 B. McCallister Brady McCallister Professor Simons History 42 28 September 2018 Heloise: Misogynistic or Infatuated? Heloise d’Argenteuil and Peter Abelard, the infamous star-crossed lovers of the 12th Century, exchanged a series of letters fifteen years after their notorious affair. These letters, while intriguing to many for their enchanting and passionate nature, provide significant insight into the realities of gender roles during the time