This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nutrients: Fats, Proteins. Carbohydrates, Water, Vitamins & Minerals

506 words - 3 pages

A nutrient is any food substance that is necessary for contributing to an organism's growth and metabolism. There are 6 nutrient groups, classified as those that provide energy and others that support metabolic processes in our body. Some of these are very important because they cannot be produced in the body and have to be taken from a food source. Nutrition is the taking in and use of nourishing materials by the body. Different organisms have different ways to take in nutrients, like plants taking nutrients through photosynthesis and the use of their roots. Nutrition is also a science that focuses and studies the relationship between diet, health and disease. For ...view middle of the document...

There are also more complex carbohydrates like starches and fibers, which provide longer-lasting energy. These more complex types are stored in the body as glycogen.Proteins: These are organic compounds, that provide the building blocks for enzyms and other proteins in the body. Our body doesn't make certain amino acids (building blocks), and so we get these amino acids with our diet.Fats: fats are basic nutrients made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. They are used for cells to properly function and maintenance of body temperature. The body does not make some fatty acids and again we look for our diet to supply these. Triglycerides make up 95% of our total body fat, and cholestetrol makes up the rest.Nutrients that supply metabolism:Minerals: Essential to metabolism. Found as salts, or ions like copper and iron. List of some Minerals•Chromium•Cobalt•Copper•Fluorine•Iodine•Iron•Manganese•Molybdenum•Selenium•ZincVitamins: organic compounds essential to the body's functions, usually acting as coenzymesWater: Very important necessity for normal growth and metabolism and other body functions.Any classification of "nutrients" is likely to be arbitrary given the status of nutrition as a developing science. Researchers are becoming more aware of a wider range of nutrients essential for Encarta Encyclopedia 2001

Other Essays On Nutrients: Fats, Proteins. Carbohydrates, Water, Vitamins & Minerals

Phloem Essay

349 words - 2 pages Tube vessels inside plant stems that transports sugars and minerals. Do not have strong walls.Translocation*Movement can be in any direction but always moves from where sugar is in abundance (sugar source) to where sugar is needed (sugar sink)Sugar is made in photosynthesizing cells of the plant and can be polymerized and stored as starch in any cells of the plant. The sugar produced in photosynthesis is called glucose. The starch is broken down

The Lifestory Of A Cadherin Essay

1234 words - 5 pages junctions. Each gap junction appears inconventional electron micrographs as a patch where the membranes of twoadjacent cells are separated by a uniform narrow gap of about 2 4 nm. Thegap is spanned by channel-forming proteins (connexins). The channels theyform (connexons) allow inorganic ions and other small water-solublemolecules to pass directly from the cytoplasm of one cell to the cytoplasm ofthe other, thereby coupling the cells both

Diet Planning Assessment

1695 words - 7 pages 75 minutes before eating it.As for Nutrient content, I compared both the nutrient density and overall nutrient information of both meal options. As Table 2 shows, the foot long sub from Subway had higher amounts of carbohydrates (92 g), saturated fat (2 g), and sodium (1340 mg) than the meal prepared at home which only had 35.4 g of carbohydrates, 0.3 g of saturated fats, and 577.9 mg of sodium. Although the Subway sandwich is 157 kilocalories

Biology - The Movement of Molecules

415 words - 2 pages concentration) to where they are scarce ( low concentration) until they are evenly distributed. Cells use diffusion to take in things from their environment and rid themselves of waste. Diffusion takes place down a concentration gradient. Water, carbon dioxide and other small ions can diffuse freely through cell membranes. Concentration gradients occur in all organisms. Where they do, simple diffusion will transport things around. Nutrients being carried

The Rate Of Photosynthesis

3760 words - 16 pages chemicals such as fats, proteins and vitamins. The oxygen released as a by-product, vital to respiration in plants and animals. Therefore, photosynthesis can be considered the ultimate source of energy for life and for nearly all plants and animals by providing the source of energy that drives all their metabolic processes (Infoplease, 2012)Considering our knowledge has increased in understanding what photosynthesis is, we now need to learn how

Transpiration In Plants

1309 words - 6 pages Transpiration is the process that allows plants to release H20 in the form of water vapor into the atmosphere. This process mostly occurs during the time the stomata, the microscopic pores on the surface of a leaf, are open for the passage of CO2 and O2. Transpiration plays a huge role for plants, as 90% of the water that enters the plant is through transpiration. It also allows the plant to receive key nutrients and minerals in order to survive

Cystic Fibrosis

1300 words - 6 pages of survival.The disease can be managed by:*Antibiotics for lung infections caused by bacteria.*Decongestants, bronchodilators (drugs that open airways congested with mucus) and anti-inflammatory drugs.*Chest or back clapping (to help loosen mucus from lungs) and postural drainage (to help drain mucus from lungs).*Pancreatic enzymes (to help with digestion).*A diet rich in proteins and calories.*Vitamins and other dietary supplements (to add more

Commercialization Of "Right Start" Breakfast Cereal

1432 words - 6 pages , essential trace minerals, proteins, and vitamins, whilst being low in cholesterol)Through the utilization of Product Differentiation, "Right Start" will be distinguished and ultimately made to appear superior to the products of competitors, which will in turn increase the sales potential of the product. This product differentiation will involve a large focus on the presentation of the product: careful consideration of box shape and size, as well

Food Journal Analysis #2

2944 words - 12 pages representations are attached for reference in the appendix.ComparisonMy recorded protein intake was 180 grams. When compared with the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP) recommendation of 46 grams, there is a one hundred and 34 gram difference. The foods that I recorded that provide a source of protein are: ham, pork bacon, salmon, tuna, egg, and almonds. My protein intake is too high. I would have to replace some of my source of proteins


542 words - 3 pages Ammonia (NH3) PROPERTIES This is a colourless, overpowering gas. A saturated aqueous solution of ammonia contains 45 percent ammonia by weight at 0° C and 30 percent at ordinary room temperatures. On solution in water, ammonia becomes ammonium hydroxide, NH4OH, which is strongly basic and similar in chemical behavior to the hydroxides of the alkali metals. Ammonia melts at - 77.7°C, boils at -33.35°C, and has a density of


1785 words - 8 pages Mom's favorite pearl of wisdom was always - "Make sure you eat all your vegetables!" and mom was right. Throughout the ages, people have found that consuming certain plants, or parts of plants, relives aches and pains. Some people believe that vitamins, minerals, and fiber are the only healthy thing we get from plants, but this is not true. Plants are an essential part of our diet because they contain chemicals, known as phytochemicals that

Similar Papers

Study Notes On The Structure And Function Of Various Groups Of Molecules Including Proteins, Carbohydrates, And Lipids (Fats)

751 words - 4 pages bonds at regular intervals along the polypeptide backbone-Folding produces a spiral Alpha Helix associated with globular proteins-Folding may produce a beta-pleated sheet associated with fibrous proteins-Tertiary structure of a protein consists of irregular contortions from bonding between the side chains (R groups) of the various amino acids-Determined by hydrogen bonding between R groups of amino acids-Determined by hydrophobic interactions

Structure And Function Of Carbohydrates Essay

512 words - 3 pages DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE STRUCTURE AND FUCTION OF CARBOHYDRATESCarbohydrates are part of what we call macronutrients. In our body, as well as proteins and fats, macronutrients are needed in large amounts. Carbohydrates can be monosaccharides (sugars), disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides (starch). Carbohydrates have the general formula of Cx(H2O)y- they only contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen- making them organic compounds.Sugar

Agriculture And Its Impact On Ecosystem

2131 words - 9 pages Agriculture and its impact on ecosystemA.Agricultural farmland as a unstable ecosystem:An agricultural ecosystem is established and manipulated by human beings in various ways to suit their own purposes, e.g . for food production.This ecosystem is unstable in many aspects:1.Continual removal of soil mineral nutrients due to absorption by crops and weeds. Natural recycling of minerals is hindered as a result of harvesting and subsequent export of

Childhood Obesity In America Essay

969 words - 4 pages more food because in high societies concept of exercise is so much common which keeps their body fit and out of reach from Obesity. According to the World Health Organization the theory has been passed that the foods containing highly energy, fats and fatty ingredients have actually small amount of minerals and vitamins and as your body needs minerals vitamins in a limited but in high quantity. Having higher BMI put your body into a disease