Nutrients: Fats, Proteins. Carbohydrates, Water, Vitamins & Minerals

506 words - 3 pages

A nutrient is any food substance that is necessary for contributing to an organism's growth and metabolism. There are 6 nutrient groups, classified as those that provide energy and others that support metabolic processes in our body. Some of these are very important because they cannot be produced in the body and have to be taken from a food source. Nutrition is the taking in and use of nourishing materials by the body. Different organisms have different ways to take in nutrients, like plants taking nutrients through photosynthesis and the use of their roots. Nutrition is also a science that focuses and studies the relationship between diet, health and disease. ...view middle of the document...

There are also more complex carbohydrates like starches and fibers, which provide longer-lasting energy. These more complex types are stored in the body as glycogen.Proteins: These are organic compounds, that provide the building blocks for enzyms and other proteins in the body. Our body doesn't make certain amino acids (building blocks), and so we get these amino acids with our diet.Fats: fats are basic nutrients made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. They are used for cells to properly function and maintenance of body temperature. The body does not make some fatty acids and again we look for our diet to supply these. Triglycerides make up 95% of our total body fat, and cholestetrol makes up the rest.Nutrients that supply metabolism:Minerals: Essential to metabolism. Found as salts, or ions like copper and iron. List of some Minerals•Chromium•Cobalt•Copper•Fluorine•Iodine•Iron•Manganese•Molybdenum•Selenium•ZincVitamins: organic compounds essential to the body's functions, usually acting as coenzymesWater: Very important necessity for normal growth and metabolism and other body functions.Any classification of "nutrients" is likely to be arbitrary given the status of nutrition as a developing science. Researchers are becoming more aware of a wider range of nutrients essential for Encarta Encyclopedia 2001


Study Notes On The Structure And Function Of Various Groups Of Molecules Including Proteins, Carbohydrates, And Lipids (Fats)

751 words - 4 pages bonds at regular intervals along the polypeptide backbone-Folding produces a spiral Alpha Helix associated with globular proteins-Folding may produce a beta-pleated sheet associated with fibrous proteins-Tertiary structure of a protein consists of irregular contortions from bonding between the side chains (R groups) of the various amino acids-Determined by hydrogen bonding between R groups of amino acids-Determined by hydrophobic interactions

food and nutrition test outline - st jean de brebuff / food and nutrition - research paper

2533 words - 11 pages is released into the small intestines a little at a time, the chyme is then acted on by three digestive juices - Bile helps your body digest and absorb fat - Pancreatic juices breaks down carbohydrates - Proteins and fats (macronutrients) - Intestinal juice works with the other digestive fluids to break down food - Carbohydrates are turned into glucose fat into fatty acids - Vitamins and minerals are ready for action just as they are Absorption

Dietary Supplement Argumentative Essay - English 4 Honors - Essay

1028 words - 5 pages week. These meals consist of breakfast, lunch, and dinner, and probably a snack incorporated somewhere between these meals. People are expected to get the five basic food groups, which are fruits, vegetables, grain, dairy, and poultry. They are also expected to get the six essential nutrients, which are proteins, carbs, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. While it sounds easy to do, it is not, as people have trouble being consistent with

Childhood Obseity and School Lunches - Food and Drinks - Research Paper

1203 words - 5 pages , and consume roughly one-third to one-half of their daily calories there, schools are definitely a large factor (Whitmore, 2009). It is imperative that children are provided with a larger selection of healthy food options that are dense in nutrients including proteins, complex carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Diets high in nutrients promote healthy brain development, cognition and improved mood, thus giving them the tools they need to

Informative Essay on Eating Healthy - Southeastern Community College - Essay

1245 words - 5 pages . “Healthy eating means eating a variety of foods that give you the nutrients you need to maintain your health, feel good, and have energy. These nutrients include protein, carbohydrates, fat, water, vitamins and minerals.” ( To perform its necessary functions the body needs the nutrients in food that enables the cells in our bodies. “Nutrients are the nourishing substances in food that are essential for the growth, development

Food Sustainability in Today's Society - College/Nutrition Class - Essay

1514 words - 7 pages were to be consumed on a regular basis, however, that was an occasion and does not happen often. The fat and carbohydrate levels could affect me similarly in the long run to the mcchickens. Based off of the numbers I managed for carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, if I could add more of another specific type of food to my diet, it would most likely be that of a sandwich. The meat would help increase my protein goals and the bread would help me do

Science cheat sheet about cells - Science - Cheat sheet

880 words - 4 pages Free materials. Carbohydrates are attached to proteins and lipids on the outer lipid layer. 2. CYTOPLASM Structure - The jelly-like substance composed of mainly water and found between the cell membrane and nucleus.  The cytoplasm makes up most of the "body" of a cell and is constantly streaming. Function - Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be dissolved in the cytoplasm. 3. NUCLEUS Structure - The largest organelle in the cell. It is

Junk Food and Its Effects On Humans - Chaffey 2019 - Essay

1251 words - 6 pages Aguilar 1 Junk Food and Its Effects on Humans Food is one of the essential needs for people and it give us vitality that our body needs to work appropriately. Not just that, it additionally give us an assortment of supplements, nutrients, minerals, carbohydrates, and proteins that our body requests that us every day keep it in capacity. As time passes food has changed because of the requests of the advanced world. People have less time to make a

Health Complications of Consuming Fast Food - 11U ENGLISH - Essay

1121 words - 5 pages are devoid of any nutrients you actually need but filled to the brim with empty calories, sodium, sugars, and carbohydrates, causing you to be bloated and inflamed while starving for real nutrition. Your diet should consist mostly of whole foods that provide many of the vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals you need all while balancing your health. There is a line between allowing yourself a treat every once in a while and consistently eating foods

this essasy is about the being free - osu - engllish

1228 words - 5 pages concern in both individuals as well as worldwide. Health is a delicate factor, and its upholding depends solely on the nutritional intake we consume from our everyday foods. Most people consume more proteins and fats than the body needs, which causes many cases of the prevalent health issues today (Mercola, 2014). A high-fat diet can eventually lead to heart disease, cancer, obesity, and diabetes (Mercola, 2014). Choosing to live life as a

Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet - Western Kentucky University and College Writing - Research Paper

1663 words - 7 pages eaten in place of fat are highly processed and quickly digested, it may be damaging the entire weight-loss plan, therefore, eliminating the main reason anyone would be on the low-fat diet in the first place (Blake). Another popular diet, generally used for weight loss, is the low-carb diet. A low-carb diet limits carbohydrates and emphasizes foods that are high in proteins and fats. Eating carbohydrates, especially highly processed foods such as

Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

512 words - 3 pages DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN THE STRUCTURE AND FUCTION OF CARBOHYDRATESCarbohydrates are part of what we call macronutrients. In our body, as well as proteins and fats, macronutrients are needed in large amounts. Carbohydrates can be monosaccharides (sugars), disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides (starch). Carbohydrates have the general formula of Cx(H2O)y- they only contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen- making them organic compounds.Sugar


2432 words - 10 pages What is a Ketogenic diet? A ketogenic diet is one which aims to force the body to use (and burn) superior amounts of fat by restricting the carbohydrate intake and its use of glucose. It is a diet that consists of high fats, moderate proteins and low carbs. When you reduce your carbs, the body is induced into a metabolic state called ketosis. When this happens, your body starts to turn fat into ketones in the liver which also supply energy for

Biology - Cardiovascular, Digestive, Respiratory and Urinary Systems - Touro College - Biology 101 - Cardiovascular system

2572 words - 11 pages Villi – projections that are located on the folds of the walls of The Small Intestine. The folds increase surface area Microvilli – small hairs on the Villi 5. The Large Intestine – absorbs water, minerals & vitamins & prepares the waste for elimination 6. The Liver – produces bile and detoxifies the blood Gallbladder – stores the extra bile 7. The Pancreas – an accessory digestive organ behind the stomach that produces the pancreatic juices The

Steps to take when planning to eat healthier with back up evidence. - Berea college - Research paper

1731 words - 7 pages . When building a better plate you should pile on the vegetables and fruits, go for the good fats, drink enough water, learn to like less sodium, rethink supplements, dine mindfully, replace refined grains, and potatoes with whole grains, eliminate liquid sugars, eat breakfast, and plan for a snack attack. (12 of 2012) It is known that fruits and vegetables are high in fibers and they contain lots of vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to