Buis 200 Intro to Business Systems
Dr. Patricia Thomas
The term “Net Neutrality” was coined by law professor Tim Wu in 2003. With the Idea that the internet service providers would be all treated equally. This is what is called the open internet. An equal basis principle that internet providers should allow customers access to all legal applications and content without blocking, favoring, throttling, increase transparency and no paid prioritizations from sources. It also prohibits ISPs from charging content or slowing content from providers that may compete with ISPs.
The Communication Act of 1934 replaced the Federal Radio Commission (FRC) with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and transferred all regulations of interstate telephone services from the Interstate Commerce Commission to the FCC.
Because Title 1 services are subject services are subject to, or have fewer regulations were designed for enhanced information services. Where Title 2 providers are much more regulated and kept to higher standards. Some of these include gas and electric companies. This is where the broadband companies, Verizon, Comcast, AT&T and Cox Communications oppose the rules of the FCC and net neutrality because they are subject to regulation by the government. While content, providers like Google, Facebook and Apple support net neutrality. Because they feel customers already pay a connectivity charge. they also have the fact that millions have filled comment to the FCC on their behalf.
While running for President In 2007, Senator Obama pledged his support for net neutrality to protect an open internet. According to White House archives Obama stated “I am a strong supporter of net-neutrality…what you’ve been seeing is some lobbying that says that the servers and the various portal through which you’re getting information over the internet should be able to be gatekeepers and to charge different rates to different websites… and that I think it destroys one of the best things about the internet- which is that there is this incredible equality there.”
In May of 2010 the FCC which had been working on protections passes the first regulating rules to internet access. January of 2011 Verizon filed a lawsuit in Federal Court that has those regulations thrown out. In 2012 public interest groups threatened to file complaints to the FCC when AT&T blocked facetime for customers unless they subscribed to a different plan. AT&T agreed to unblock Facetime after millions of complaints. 2014 was the biggest year for the push for net neutrality and regulations. January, A Federal appeals court...