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Obesity Essay

570 words - 3 pages

There are many different causes of obesity, but three main causes of obesity are eating too many high-fat or refined sugary foods, reduced energy expenditure and the genes one is born with. People who tend to eat foods that are high in fat or contain a lot of calories in just a small portion are more likely to gain weight than people who fill their plates with large amount but low-calorie foods such as bread, potatoes and vegetables. People who eat more calories need to burn more calories, otherwise their calorie surplus is stored as fat. In order to burn those calories they need to exercise more. If one does not do any type of exercise they will gain weight and people who do exercise tend to be fit and less obese. Some people ...view middle of the document...

There is a greater chance for an obese person to get heart diseases such as heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death and angina or chest pain. Also high blood pressure is twice as common in adults who are obese than in those who are healthy. Atherosclerosis or narrowing of the arteries, which may lead to the formation of an arterial blood clot, is an important pre-condition of many strokes. Atherosclerosis is accelerated by high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol and lack of exercise. Obesity is commonly related with a high-fat diet, raised blood pressure and lack of exercise. Thus obesity is now considered an important secondary risk factor for strokes. Furthermore, obesity is linked with an increased risk for some types of cancer including endometrial (cancer of the lining of the uterus), colon, gall bladder, prostate, kidney, and post-menopausal breast cancer. Obstructive sleep apnoea, which is interrupted breathing during sleeping, is more common in an obese person. Obesity is connected with a higher frequency of asthma and severe bronchitis.There are many different ways one can prevent or reduce the chance of being obese. The best way to prevent obesity is to avoid a high intake of fats. Another way is to exercise frequently, so the calories that one eats will get burned. Another way is slow and steady weight loss of no more than 1-2 pounds per week is the safest way to lose weight. Rapid weight loss can cause you to lose muscle rather than fat. It also increases chances of developing other problems, such as gallstones and nutrient deficiencies.

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