Olduvai Gorge The Origin Of Craftsmanship Ubc Arcl 318 Research Paper

3073 words - 13 pages

ARCL 318 - Final Paper
“Olduvai Gorge – The Origin of Craftsmanship”
Olduvai Gorge – The Origin of Craftsmanship
By the early 1960s it was already clear that the development of modern Homo Sapiens came about as an evolution of a series of older, more primitive species of hominids. One of them, found in 1959 by Leakey in the Bed I of the then newly discovered Olduvai Gorge site of Tanzania, belonged to Australopithecus (it was found later that this specimen was actually a Homo Erectus), one of the more distant relatives of the modern man. This distant relative, however, had the ability to produce stone tools, which was unprecedented discovery at the time, since all previous finds indicated only the ability to utilize bone. The entire industry of stone making found at the site was named the Oldowan complex, and is considered being the oldest known human stone producing cultural complex (Tattersall, 1995; Leaky, 1971)
The use of stone as the preferred tool making material of early hominids, Shott (2015) argues, ties in with two factors. The first factor is the abundance of stone in nature, making it a viable choice. It does not require any industrial or other processes to find and extract, a simple walk to the nearest river or a hill is sufficient. The second factor is its strength and resilience. When compared to wood, which would be the second most obvious and easily obtained material, stone is much harder and better suited for skinning, puncturing and hitting, which were the most common activities of the early hominids (Shott, 2015).
The analysis of technologies and materials used by the early hominids can highlight the many aspects of their daily lives, ranging from their dietary habits, social structure, to their ability to create and abstract. Additionally, behaviorists have found novel ways of measuring the impact of advanced tool production of primates, mainly through controlled tests performed on modern primates in captivity. This allows paleoanthropologists to peek into the evolution of hominids and more importantly the development of their ability to use stone tools. This involves not only the ability to use them, but also rather the ability to both use and manufacture such tools (Shick et al., 1997).
This paper will analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of stone tool assemblages from the Olduvai Gorge site. The primary focus of the paper is to determine the progression of tool making techniques over time and the changes that had to occur in the physiology and behavior of the early hominids to foster this kind of radical change. It will be argued that the Olduvai Gorge site presents a key element in this discussion as it shows a fairly accurate range of tool development through its four beds.
The First stone tools and the problem surrounding the Oldowan complex
The majority of estimates suggest that the first appearance of stone tools made by humans dates to 2.5mya. However, the significant differences in the morphological ...


Fear of Witches: The Origin and Diffusion of the Witchcraft Hysteria - Allen High School/English - Essay

1801 words - 8 pages [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] Wiseman Ellery Wiseman Mrs. Cunningham Phoenix 1/ 4th Period 22 November 2015 Fear of Witches: The Origin and Diffusion of the Witchcraft Hysteria Although in today’s Western world the art of witchcraft is widely dismissed as nothing but a fairy tale, only a few hundred years ago the threat of witches was seen as very real and very imminent. Neighbors and friends turned into bitter, suspicious enemies

Origin of life study guide: about how did the earth and early life formed - biology - Essay

1025 words - 5 pages Free Origin of life Origin of universe · 13.8 billion years ago Origin of Earth · 4.5 billion years ago · Solar system is forming · Rocks and meteors are colliding · Heavy stuff go to the center · As earth spins it is getting denser · Not dense enough to hold gases so no atmosphere · Icy rock · Inside of becomes molten · Pressure · Causes lots of eruptions and geysers · Primordial atmosphere · Volcanic gases start to form · H20, CO2, NH3, N2, H2S

impacts on the invention of the plane - history - research paper

468 words - 2 pages Stalkfleet Kiley Stalkfleet CBA Paper Moeller 5 12/1/17 Impacts on the Invention of the Plane There are many impacts on the Invention of the plane. The Wright Brothers, Wilbur and Orville, are responsible for aviation. The airplane is the most influential invention of all time. Airplanes have made traveling times change from months to just hours. The most obvious social impact from the development of airplanes is the reduction of travel time. “A

The legend of the bermuda triangle - english - research paper

733 words - 3 pages the mysterious disappearances and hopefully come up with a plan to prevent this from continuing. With advanced technology, research, investigations, and time, the sooner we will know the truth about the legend of the Bermuda triangle. The real mystery is how the Bermuda triangle became a mystery at all…

The isle of Man TT Research Paper - Montgomery College English - Research paper

2256 words - 10 pages Frazier 9 ENGL 102 Research Paper: The Isle of Man TT The Isle of Man TT (Tourist Trophy) is considered one of the greatest motorsports in the world. Every year in June, motorcycle racers compete on two public roads at higher speeds of over 200mph making the event one of the most dangerous races in the world. The Isle of Man is an independent and a crown-dependent island in the Irish Sea and strategically located between Ireland and England

Crim 133 Paper for notes that are from UBC and not shared by anyone - UBC - Research Paper

890 words - 4 pages Crim 103 – Lecture 2: Developmental Risk Factors The Developmental Pathway · Contains · Risk factors · Protective factors · We want to intervene on negative pathways Social Risk Factors · Poverty · Association with delinquent peers · Peer rejection · Negative preschool experiences · Low-quality after-school care · Academic failure Poverty · Connected to persistent, violent offending · and victimization · Relationship is complex · Poverty

The economics of university accessibility - Ap seminar - research paper

1380 words - 6 pages Rahman who are research students from MABE, took data from the Canadian Labour Force Survey and discovered that higher tuition levels in the 1990s did in fact reduce the probability of university participation of persons aged 17-19 (Johnson, 2005). Furthermore, university applications are getting more and more competitive; which minimizes the possibility of acceptance and scholarship opportunity. Our main question is, are students restricted to

The Importance of Gender Equality in the Workplace - research college paper - rearch paper/essay

980 words - 4 pages transgender workers fearful of discrimination from deciding to express their identities openly or not. Organizations must create a gender-inclusive workplace to protect transgender workers from discrimination. This paper will prove the need for transgender education, gender-neutral spaces and dress codes to protect transgender workers within the workplace. Transgender employees, as well as the entire transgender population in society, have faced

Summary of of the Effects of Autonomous Vehicles - UVA STS 4600 - Research Paper

435 words - 2 pages gives a brief explanation about the STS toolkit and how it will be applied to the research. The three new Subtopics under the STS Framework/Methodology are aspects of Risk Society which are used in analyzing the AV Risks. The first talks about Old and New Risks of AV. The second – Ruse of AV Risk is actually split into 4 parts based on Beck’s World Risk Society (paper suggested by Professor Ku). And the last is the Consequences of the Risks/ the

Of The Passing Of The First Born - NYCCT ENGLISH II - Research Paper

1289 words - 6 pages , father and African American in the United States of America. In his book The Souls of Black Folk, he talks about how hard is the life of black people in the US, and in this chapter Of the Passing of the First-Born, he talks about how losing his child made it even worse for him. The chapter starts in his office where he received a yellow paper saying “Unto You a child is born” (Du Bois 169). His thoughts about baby’s look and a new job in his

Comparison of the activity and aggressive levels of two varieties of Betta splendens - bio - research paper

2082 words - 9 pages Free aggression and activity levels. Our research contributes to our understanding of how genetics may play a role in our behaviors. We now know that it is not only the external factors, but also internal factors like genetics that affect how fish behave. Future research should focus on how external factors like chemicals that may end up in ponds, streams and rice paddies affect the behavior of Betta splendens. Literature Cited Baumgarten, K. 2001. Betta

A research paper on the STD Syphilis - Marywood - Research Paper

2848 words - 12 pages another female. There was research conducted, they used a “descriptive exploratory design to investigate co-occurring high-risk behaviors in the type of sexual network” (Brady & Shattell. (2016). The record has individuals who were gay, bisexual and transgender it showed that males who had sex with each other receive it more. It proved that individuals who had sex from anal and not vagina would contract the infest easier due to the fact of the

Harlem Renaissance- The Pros and Cons of the 1920's - English - Research Paper

1079 words - 5 pages Africa. In the 1920s, a African American workmanship turned out to be greatly known in Western craftsmanship circles. H Douglas made his own style of geometrical representing in "Negro" topic. His adapted, outline like giving black characters, permeated with characteristics of longing and racial pride, which turned out to be related to the Harlem Renaissance for the most part. Douglas changed white ​Christian​ imagery by putting dark subjects in

The Antecedents, Facilitators and Consequences of Parasocial Relationships - University of Toronto/PSY424 - Research Paper

3941 words - 16 pages ; secondly, what processes and media use over time would facilitate PSR between media user and media figures; thirdly, how PSI might, as its originators put it, be “integrated into the matrix of usual social activity” (Horton & Wohl, 1956) and what impact would it bring. This paper attempts to answer the above questions by reviewing existing literatures and give suggestions for future research directions on the topic. Literature Review 1.1

Performing Vocal Music of the Renaissance - University of Mississippi - Introduction to Music Research (Graduate Level) - Research Paper

2309 words - 10 pages Culpepper 2 Richard Culpepper 8 December 2016 Dr. Thomas Peattie Final Research Paper Performing Vocal Music of the Renaissance Music has existed for thousands of years, if not longer. The earliest musical notation known to date is from a cuneiform tablet created ca. 2000 BC, found in modern day Iraq in the 1960s.[footnoteRef:1] The oldest known musical instruments are even older than that. At an age of ca. 40,000 years old, four carved-bone