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Osteoporosis Essay

881 words - 4 pages

Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. If not prevented or if left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones are known as fractures, which occur in the hip, spine, and wrist. Osteoporosis is the loss of bone density which causes bone weakness and may cause it to break. At the age of 30, bone loss begins to occur slowly. The first signs of this disease are seen in the bones that have a lot of spongy bone. After the age of 65 to 70, bone loss occurs more rapidly.Symptoms of this disease include back pain, bone fracture which occurs sometimes without falling or trauma to the area. Also bone pain or ...view middle of the document...

Recent research has shown that people who do high impact activities such as jogging have less bone loss as they age. Bone loss can be slowed by eating a well balanced diet, following the food guide pyramid. It's important to get enough calcium and vitamin D. Eating 25 grams of soy protein a day can also lower a person's risk.Osteoporosis may be discovered in an X-ray taken from another problem. Other test are more sensitive and reliable such as blood bone markers, which measure collagen protein in the bone, bone mineral density, such as DEXA scans and spinal CT scans, spinal x-rays, and tests that measure calcium in the urine which increases when in a person who has osteoporosis.Osteoporosis can lead to bone fractures that may result in permanent disability. One in five women over the age of 70 and one in three women over the age of 80 will suffer a hip fracture during her lifetime. One in five women with a hip fracture will die within 6 months of the injury which is cause from immobility. One third of women older than 65 years of age will have a fracture of the spine caused by this disease. Chronic back pain resulting from fractures of the spine may prevent some physical activities and affect normal sleep. It poses no risk to others.Treatment cannot eliminate osteoporosis....

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