Our Health And Genetically Modified Organisms

1670 words - 7 pages

A genetically modified organism is "an organism whose genetic structure has been changed by incorporating a gene that will convey a wanted trait, many times called gene splicing" (1). The transferred gene allocates the organism to express a trait that will usually add to its desirability to the producer. To modify the organism, scientists usually use recombinant DNA technology, which uses DNA molecules from different sources are combined in vitro into one molecule to create a new gene, and then this DNA is transferred into an organism and causes the expression of the trait or traits. Genetically modified foods are very prevalent in today's society, ranging from simple genetically modif ...view middle of the document...

The vector is then used to give a desired organism the trait that has been taken in the final stage, transformation, which is the genetic modification of a cell because of something's intervention. Another way to create a genetically modified organism is to use a gene gun, which simple shoots the desired substance into the cell. Gene guns are usually used for plants cells, but there potential for use in animals and humans in the near future.The technology for genetic modified organism was made possible through a series of scientific progresses, including the discovery of DNA and the creation of the first recombinant bacteria in 1973. In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the three-dimensional double helix structure of DNA, which ultimately led scientists to gain the ability to splice genes from one organism and put it into another organism. Then in 1973, Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen created the first recombinant DNA organism. As genetically modified organisms got more and more popular controversial issues arose. In 1980, the U.S. Supreme Court in Diamond v. Chakrabarty ruled that genetically altered life forms could be patented, which was a very important decision for Exxon Oil Company, because it allowed them to patent an oil-eating microorganism for their company. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first genetically engineered drug for use in 1982. The drug was Genentech's Humulin, which was a form of human insulin produced by bacteria. It was the first consumer product developed through modern bioengineering. By 1986 genetically engineered tobacco was being tested in Belgium, and then in 1987 the first field tests of genetically engineered tobacco and tomatoes were done in the United States. By 1992, "Calgene's Favr Savr tomato, engineered to remain firm for a longer period of time, [was] approved for commercial production by the US Department of Agriculture" (3), and the FDA declared that genetically engineered foods were "not inherently dangerous" (3), and did not require regulation by the organization. By 1994 countries such as France were approving genetically engineered crops, such as tobacco. "In 2006, 252 million acres of transgenic crops were planted in 22 countries by 10.3 million farmers. The majority of these crops were herbicide- and insect-resistant soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, and alfalfa" (4). As of now the leader in production of transgenic crops is the United States, producing 53% of the world's transgenic crops.Genetically modified organisms are extremely prevalent in today's society, contributing to about 75% of the processed foods on the U.S. market today. The most prevalent genetically modified organism in our foods are corn flour, high fructose corn syrup, corn oil, vitamin C, soy flour, soy oil, soy milk, and lecithin, which are all created through genetically modified organisms. Some of the genetically modified foods are extremely beneficial. Golden rice contains beta-carotene ...


Genetically modified organisms Essay - High school - Essay

808 words - 4 pages As the world becomes more and more industrialized, chemicals are spread throughout different aspects of our lives in a way that we cannot control. These chemicals are in everything from the food that we eat to the air that we breathe. Although chemicals have some favorable factors, they are unnatural and overall unsafe. They cause health problems and are not meant to be ingested. It is extremely concerning to me that the majority of the food

Genetically Modified Organisms: Friend Or Foe?

1663 words - 7 pages manner which would not be found to occur naturally by way of reproduction or natural recombination. Some consumers also have ethical concerns about genetic modification. Hazards of large-scale cultivation of GM plants and of chronic exposure of humans and animals to GM food, are issues of intense debate. It has thus become necessary to address the key issues in the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) with regards to concerns raised

Genetically modified food and organisms disadvantages - Eastside High School/AP Language and Composition - Research Paper

2081 words - 9 pages ) Europe, India, and southern Africa have joined the anti-GMO movement; it is time for the United States to join the movement. Genetically modified foods and organisms should be prohibited in the United States because of negative health effects, negative effects on the environment, and questionable ethics of biotechnology. Body paragraph 1 Genetically modified foods and organisms should be prohibited in the United States because of negative

Genetically Modified Organisms: Why they are bad for your crops - English Composition - Essay

1941 words - 8 pages organisms), often with very little information to guide them. In the hope of fostering more reasoned discussion, this paper will provide some background about the process of genetically modified organisms and the following examples will discuss the process of genetic modification, its potential benefits, and its potential risks of using them. Keywords: GMO, GM crops, genetically modified crops, agriculture OMG it’s GMO! Farmers that maintain a farm using

What Advantages & Disadvantages Are There About Genetically Modified Food?

577 words - 3 pages health and environmental risks. Once a crop is genetically altered, this might have an effect on the next generation.Many debates have been done regarding whether GMF should be used for our daily food products. Although scientists have failed to show any negative affects within humans, when they experimented on rats, the results were that the rats ended up with organ damage, thickening of small intestines and poor brain development. Still, no

Gm food advantages and disadvantages - Eap - Essay

687 words - 3 pages Name: Yazeed Mogran S286387 Genetically modified foods have become a controversial subject over past decade. Genetically modified foods, otherwise recognized as GM foods can be defined as organisms (i.e. plants or animals) in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination1. Some people believe that GM foods are important factor to solve the world hunger, while

Genetically modified foods - Sociology - Research Paper

3174 words - 13 pages Genetically Modified (GM) Foods Course: SOCI2374 Abstract Genetically Modified (GM) Foods have been on the market since 1994. Created by introducing alterations in the genetic matter (DNA) of the organisms: plants or animals, in contrast with traditional cross-breeding, genetically engineered foods are developed for numerous reasons such as health benefits to human beings, improving the shelf life of products, and, enhancing flavor. However

How does genetic modification in agriculture benefit the food production industry? - Agriculture - year 11 essay

1445 words - 6 pages environment benefits from less waste. To summarize, without increased yields in crops, the food production industry will decline, and prices will increase. To feed our ever-growing population we need to produce enough food to support it, by using genetically modified food and crops we can increase food production on less land and generate more money into the economy. People opinions may differ, however, genetic modification though agriculture

Genetically Modified Foods Helpful Or Harmful?

1368 words - 6 pages Genetically modified foods helpful or harmful?Genetically Modified Organisms are one of the most controversial issues facing our world today. GMOs are foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering for improvement of productivity and product quality. GMOs have raised concerns over whether or not there beneficial or harmful to our health. It is not secret that GMO

Food Market

2803 words - 12 pages concerned and elucidate the U.S. Government's nearby position in adaptable GM food.The term GM foods or GMOs (genetically-modified organisms) is the majority usually used to pass on to crop plant life shaped for person or animal expenditure by the newest molecular biology techniques. These undergrowths have been customized in the laboratory to improve preferred character such as enlarged battle to herbicides or better dietetic contented. The

GMO Research Paper- Described through narrative, informative, and conclusion - Honors English 10 - Essay

1981 words - 8 pages store; this field is genetically modified.” I understood what a drought was, and I didn’t particularly care if something was organic. I learned from my dad that possibly the most interesting aspect of this job was working with genetically modified organisms (GMOs). As an eleven-year-old I really didn’t understand a lot about GMOs, only that they were a very controversial subject. My family had recently moved to Idaho from California. California is

The benefits and hazards of gene technology

566 words - 3 pages BenefitsThrough gene technology, it is now possible to produce:• genetically modified organisms for a specific purpose.Previously, such genetic change would have to be brought about by selective breeding which requires organisms to be of the same species (able to breed successfully together), takes many generations and involves transfer of whole genomes, complete with undesirable background genes. Gene technology is much faster and involves

AquAdvantage Salmon Should be Promoted - ucla marine biology - essay

1189 words - 5 pages AquAdvantage Salmon Should be Promoted The market of genetically modified foods started in 1994, when Calgene developed its unsuccessful delayed-ripening tomato (Winerip). Since then, GMO food becomes an important element of today’s food industry. However, it was not until 2015 that the United States Food and Drug Administration( FDA) approved Aquadvantage salmon, which was developed by the AquaBounty Technologies, to be consumed by human and

The benefits of vegansim on one selfs, the planet and the animals - English - Argumentative speech assignment

1344 words - 6 pages most factory farms have found that they can make more money by squeezing as many animals as possible into tiny spaces, even though many of the animals die from disease or infection. After being injected and fed genetically modified food, when they’ve grown large enough to slaughter or their bodies have been worn out from producing milk or eggs, animals raised for food are crowded onto trucks, manhandled, prodded, shoved, beaten, and transported

Genetic engineering - what is it? The concequences and the Positives - Spalding High School - English Speaking

611 words - 3 pages A designer baby is a baby genetically engineered for specially selected traits, which can vary from lowered disease-risk to gender selection. Before genetic engineering and in vitro fertilization (IVF), designer babies were primarily a science fiction concept. However, the rapid advancement of technology before and after the turn of the twenty-first century makes designer babies an increasingly real possibility. In 2004 the term “designer baby