Outline And Evaluate The Behavioural Approach To Treating Phobias A Level Psychology Essay

530 words - 3 pages

Arusha Ezaz Rahman
Emily Browne
6 March 2018
Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to treating phobia
A phobia is an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something, which according to the behavioural approach, can be caused by the social learning theory, classical conditioning or even operant conditioning. Phobias cause significant problems in a persons life and it may hamper their ability to cope with the demands of everyday life. For example, if someone is claustrophobic, he or she may not be able to sit in a small classroom while doing an exam as they may not be able to breathe. Phobias can be treated using two methods: Flooding, and Systematic Desensitisation.
Systematic desensitisation method uses counter conditioning to unlearn the response to a situation or object, by eliciting another response such as relaxation. This method has three critical components: Fear hierarchy, relaxation training, and reciprocal inhibition. To begin, the therapist asks the client to rate their fears on a scale of 1 to 100 and put them in order from the smallest fear, to their biggest. (this is the fear hierarchy). The therapist then begins to teach the client relaxation techniques such as deep breathing. After this, they start to go through the fear hierarchy one step at a time, starting from what they are the least scared of, and using the relaxation techniques to help them calm down when they are afraid. There is a lot of evidence to back up this method of treating phobias. For example, a researcher found that 75% of patients with phobias were successfully treated using ...

Other Essays On outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to treating phobias - A level Psychology - essay

Outline And Evaluate In To The Duration, Capacity And Encoding Of Information In Short Term Memory

531 words - 3 pages Assignments 12- outline and evaluate in to the duration, capacity and encoding of information in short term memoryCapacity refers to the amount of information that can be held at any one time in memory. The Capacity of STM is limited and to demonstrate the capacity of STM, the serial digit span technique is used. The study was proposed by Jacobs where experiment needed the participants to read lists of either words/numbers that they had to

Evaluate the relationship between theoretical perspectives and early years curriculum models - Level 5 - Essay

822 words - 4 pages child’s exploration and self-discovery, encouraging children to be active rather than passive. It also allows children to acquire the skills to answer their own questions, learn to manage freedom with responsibility and maintain a high level of intellectual curiosity. The Early years Foundation Stage 1. Personal, social and emotional development 2. Communication and language 3. Physical development 4. Literacy 5. Mathematics 6. Understanding the

Discuss idiographic and nomethetic approach in psychology - Psychology - Essay

1011 words - 5 pages to predict and control any likely future behaviour. The approach is associated with methods that would be regarded as scientific within psychology such as experiments, which would include large numbers of participants in order to establish ways in which people are similar or different. The humanistic approach in psychology is a key example of the idiographic perspective. Rogers and Maslow, took a phenomalogical and subjective approach in the study

Evaluate the contribution of interview research to our understanding of friendship. - Undergraduate Psychology - Essay

1102 words - 5 pages Evaluate the contribution of interview research to our understanding of friendship. The use of interview has long been used by researchers to elicit information from questions in order to better understand a topic from that person's perspective. In relation to friendship, interviews are a very useful tool as it allows researchers to give rich detail on their thoughts and feelings in response to the question. Despite this, being based on

Critically evaluate the evidence for and against geographical profiling - Undergraduate Psychology - Essay

1420 words - 6 pages Critically evaluate the evidence for and against geographical profiling Birmingham City University There are many possibilities that criminals can have that will affect their choice regarding their location to commit a crime. Geographic profiling is an investigative methodology that analyses the locations of a connected series of crime to determine the most credible area of an offender’s base (Rossmo, 2000). Its key purpose is to assist the

Behavioural Economics and the Effects on Retirement Planning Decision Making - University College Dublin, Behavioural Economics (ECON30270) - Essay

1364 words - 6 pages Behavioural Economics (ECON30270) Professor Liam Delaney Behavioural Economics and the Effects on Retirement Planning Decision Making Traditional economic theory suggests that people tend to make decisions by maximizing a utility function in which all of the relevant constraints and preferences are included and weighted appropriately (Levin, 2004). However, behavioural economists often are most interested in exploring how people make decisions

Social isolation destroys innocence, Discuss in relation to Ender’s Game and Lord of the Flies? - A Level/English Literature - Essay

2574 words - 11 pages “it would feel like to have hands as large as a grown-up's. They must feel so big and awkward, thick stubby fingers and beefy palms.” and when Ralph blows the conch, children approach because they have an ingrained sense of order and obedience. But is innocence ever present in children? Both of these books portray isolated children as being every bit as ambitious, conniving, controlling, fearful, ignorant, angry, hungry, and loving as adults1

Understanding health and safety - A level - essay

5567 words - 23 pages safety of meat and poultry is a paramount important. Therefore meaning, contaminated meat or poultry products present health hazards to the consumers and employees. This is also linked in with the fact that, contaminated products will carry; bacteria, viruses and potentially parasites. Not only that but, Sainsbury's staff get taught under policy following the Health and Safety management of work regulations how to; correctly use wheelchair access

Accuracy of thin slice approach - Psychology - Essay

1062 words - 5 pages Critically discuss whether first impression based on ‘thin slices of behaviour’ are made intuitively and are accurate. What are the similarities and differences between the ‘thin slice’ approach and Asch’s early work on first impressions? Intro Thin slice approach · Thin slices of behaviour include behaviour that is shown for a short period of time, no more than 5 min. · They show us info about an individual in respect to their personality and

Meeting the Manager, and how to approach them - Mars Hill University - essay

1424 words - 6 pages Aundreas Hill 2 February 2018 Coach Lee Meet The Manager As a business major, I wanted to get a feel of a being a manager, and as a student I can’t get the full experience so I had to get as close as I can, so I interviewed a person that has experience as a manger. That person's name is Bill Hamilton. He is my advisor and teacher, but before that he was the manager of The Forum Spa and Racquet Club. He became the manager because he was working

Outline And Evaluate Two Explanations Of Human Altruism

1123 words - 5 pages shocks in another room and screaming from the pain she was receiving. Batson carried out further research which showed that manipulating approval/disproval for helping made no difference to the level of helping, amongst the high empathetic participants. But it made a big difference to the low empathy participants. This then shows that this research supports Batson's hypothesis that people do not help to make themselves feel better but to make

Similar Papers

Outline And Evaluate The Ethological Explanation Of Aggression Psychology Essay 16 Marker

672 words - 3 pages Outline and evaluate the ethological explanation of aggression (16 marks) In his book, On Aggression, Lorenz (1966) stressed that as humans are animals and therefore show similar behaviour to other animals, his ethological research could be generalised onto humans as part of the evolutionary approach to explaining human aggression. Lorenz proposed four main driving forces behind the behaviour of any animal: fear, hunger, reproduction and

Psychology Behaviourist Approach A Level Informational

911 words - 4 pages Behaviourist approach. What the approach is all about. Behaviourism refers to a psychological approach which emphasizes scientific and objective methods of investigation. The approach is only concerned with observable stimulus-response behaviours, and states all behaviours are learned through interaction with the environment. Behaviourism emphasizes the role of environmental factors in influencing behaviour, to the near exclusion of innate or

Desribe And Evaluate The Filter Theory Of Attraction A Level Essay

599 words - 3 pages Describe and evaluate the filter theory of attraction in romantic relationships (16 marks). A01; Outline Filter Theory in terms of partner choice we have a field of “availables”, which are the field of romantic partners which we could realistically form a relationship with. -But not everyone available to us is desirable. -According to K&D; three main factors that act as filters to narrow down our range of partner choice. 1. Social Demography 1st

Critically Evaluate The Evidence For A Link Between Life Events And Illness. Health Psychology Essay

1179 words - 5 pages Stress and Health Exam question: Critically evaluate the evidence for a link between life events and illness. Stress was first defined by Hans Selye in 1936, where he described stress as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change”. There are different approaches to stress such as stress as a transaction, which focuses on the way an individual assesses a stressor and how this affects the way they would cope or respond to the