AP Psychology, Period 4
30 March 2018
In order to figure out our personalities and who we are as an individual, we use
personality theories, such as psychodynamic and psychoanalytic, humanistic, trait,
social-cognitive, and positive psychology, to determine it. Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic
puts emphasis on our childhood memories and how our unconscious mind functions. Humanistic
theories focus on the potential for healthy personal growth. Trait theories is a characteristic
pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer
reports. Social-cognitive views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people’s traits
and their social context. Positive psychology focuses on discovering and promoting strengths
that enable people to be successful. Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic and trait theories most
accurately explain my personality.
In the psychodynamic theory, Carl Jung’s and Isabel Briggs Myers’ personality inventory
is included, which has 16 different types of personality. In the test, it tests if you’re an introvert
or extrovert, intuition or sensing, feeling or thinking, and judging or perceiving. My results from
the test show that I am a ISFJ, which means that I am an introvert, sensing, feeling, and judging.
As for my results in percentage, in introversion over extraversion (9%), sensing over intuition
(9%), feeling over thinking (25%), and judging over perceiving (9%). “They often prefer doing
things alone or with one or two people they feel comfortable with. They take time to reflect so
that they’ll have a clear idea of what they’ll be doing when they decide to act” (Myers Briggs).
As an introvert, this best fits me because although I like socializing, I only like doing things with
people that I’m close with and can relate with me easily. I also like to think before I react
because I become shy easily if I’m not confident in what I’m doing. “ISFJs are characterized
above all by their desire to serve others, their "need to be needed."” (Humanmetrics). This
reflects me strongly because I’m an individual that loves to help people in need. For example, if I
see a person struggling, I have the urge to want to help them. “Like most Is, ISFJs have a few,
close friends. They are extremely loyal to these, and are ready to provide emotional and practical
support at a moment's notice..Unlike with EPs, the older the friendship is, the more an ISFJ will
value it” (Humanmetrics). This finding is accurate about me because since I love to help, there is
an implication that I’m emotionally and physically there for people such as my friends and
family. I usually put others before myself and put my needs last.
In the psychodynamic theory, there are defense mechanism tests. There are eight different
types of defense mechanisms such as repression, regression, displacement, denial,
intellectualization, reaction formation, projection, and compensation....