Physicalism: What Mary Didn’t Know And Possibly

1167 words - 5 pages

When one can see the color red, there is no doubt as to what is being viewed. The question to ask is what is that ability attributed to? This is the concept that surrounds the heated debate over physicalism and non-physicalism. Both Frank Jackson and David Lewis claim to have knowledge on the issue, albeit opposing knowledge. Frank Jackson stands on the non-physicalist side, while David Lewis stands on the physicalist side. While there is much to be said on the topic, I will solely discuss and evaluate both positions.Though his view has since changed, for the sake of this paper we will focus on Frank Jackson's argument that life is based on more than mere physical fact. He claims life ...view middle of the document...

When she would see red, she wouldn't claim that she could have worked out the experience through some scientific logic. His final clarification is on that according to his argument, Mary would not lack her own knowledge of red, but the knowledge on red of others. Upon experiencing red, she would realize how the rest of this world has been experiencing red all along, how differently we experience it, and how lacking her knowledge has been all along.According to David Lewis, whose arguments will be presented in more detail later in the paper, Mary does not gain knowledge, but rather gains an imaginative ability. She knows all of the experiences prior to leaving but upon leaving gains the ability to exercise that knowledge. Jackson contends that there remains more to the experience than just gained imaginative abilities. She would not only be able to imagine red, recognize red , and understand others sympathy for her lack of experience with red, but also the knowledge and experience of others, simply by negating skepticism. Jackson confesses that he has no proof that Mary acquires knowledge in addition to abilities. He claims this argument is plausible on the basis that it is logical through highly plausible premises that conclude physicalism is false.Jackson's continues by displaying that there is nothing in the knowledge argument that objects anything in dualism. For the knowledge argument to object to dualism would require Mary to have learned all of dualism through lectures. Unfortunately, Jackson explains that the latter is impossible, on the basis that for all of dualism to be learned through lectures would require the learning of all of qualia through these lectures. Unfortunately, qualia is something that has to be experienced first hand to be understood. By this reasoning, Mary would have to have learned all of qualia through lecture, which is impossible, meaning that nothing in the knowledge argument refutes dualism.Jackson's final point emphasizes the fact that the knowledge argument contends that Mary could not know what the relevant experience is like. Imagination is a separate thing all in itself. In the end, Mary's knowledge would still be defective, rendering the physicalist story false, regardless of her imaginations infinite power.Lewis on the other hand, purely a physicali...



2112 words - 9 pages TO WHAT EXTENT WAS THERE A "MID TUDOR CRISIS" DURING THE REIGNS OF EDWARD VI AND MARY I? "The mid-Tudor crisis" is a term often used by historians to describe the reigns of Edward VI (1547-1553) and Mary I (1553-1558). This period can be seen as a crisis, due to the fact that there were so many problems financially, socially, religiously and constitutionally, which led to rebellions, and placed the country in a very unstable position.It is

Can Physicalism Account For Qualia?

3467 words - 14 pages therefore a fact that Mary, when still in her black and white room, cannot know: the concept of a visual experience involving this representation. Again, this argument is slightly unconvincing. If anything, it supports Jackson's argument, in that it would seem to be saying that Mary must know what it is like to experience a colour to be able to know all the facts about it. There is a much simpler objection to Jackson's argument, and this is to

Explain and Assess Jacksons Knowledge argument - nottingham - Essay

1908 words - 8 pages she didn’t previously know 4) What Mary learnt is not a physical fact, if it were then she would have not had the new experience 5) Because of premises 1-4, physicalism is false Assessing the Argument One response to the knowledge argument is that Mary does not learn anything at all when leaving the room., Mary has all the facts we that there is to know about colour and light, however upon seeing the colour red she gains a new ability of

Character Analysis- Mary Maloney - English Grade 9 - Assigmnet

493 words - 2 pages sneaky protagonist, who knows exactly what she requires to do, in order to cover her tracks. Therefore, Mary takes many precautions in creating an impeccable alibi for herself, which allowed her to get away with murder; “She sat down before the mirror, tied her hair, touched up her lips and face. She tried a smile. It came out rather peculiar. She tried again. (Dahl, 5) Mary decides to act as normally as possible to cover up for her murder, she

Are Rex and Rose Mary Good Parents? - Westgate/English - Argumentative Essay

1153 words - 5 pages to learn and teach their children. Intelligence was a skill in which Rex had a lot of. During their stay in Battle Mountain, Rex would have the children sit down while he read. To learn, Jeannette said, “After dinner, the whole family stretched out on the benches and the floor of the depot and read, with the dictionary in the middle of the room so we kid could look up words we didn’t know” (Walls 56). The children had learned to read books by

man or monster - the nature of Frankenstein's monster - intro to lit - essay

994 words - 4 pages some sort of afterthought about the action, but the creature doesn’t, he just continues along on his journey. The only sense of spiritualism the creature might have would be derived from Paradise Lost, which is largely written, albeit accidentally, in the favour of Lucifer. Plato’s theory of human nature describes humans as being rational creatures. It’s hard to think of the creature as being rational. Simply put, he was unhappy and didn’t get what

Article Critique of: The Cradle is Empty by Mary Sheriff - Art History 2 Community College of Aurora - Essay

2207 words - 9 pages was meaningful. [19: Ibid, 183-184.] [20: Sheriff, “The Cradle is Empty”, 2013, page 178] [21: Ibid, 183-184] Mary Sheriff’s conclusion to her article is that, like a cradle that can be rocked, so can interpretations of the meaning of this painting.[footnoteRef:22] There is (not-so) simply too many questions raised that sometimes contradict themselves to every know for sure what the artist or the patron meant to say exactly.[footnoteRef:23

The Virgin Queen Elizabeth

3183 words - 13 pages Elizabeth very unhappy. Elizabeth lived in constant fear of execution, under the rule of her half-sister, Mary. Mary was raised under the Catholic Church, and her views about government and society were opposite those of Elizabeth and Edward. Elizabeth was forced to hide her true nature and live the life, which her sister chose for her. She did and said nothing that could possibly put her life in danger.Mary chose to marry King Philip of Spain, which

career assessment for anyone who is in need - the university of Memphis scms - business

1200 words - 5 pages Free Yomira Arrese Professor Alderson September 24, 17 Career Assessment Career Assessment I. Values assessment: I do not agree with my result on being a zoo veterinarian. It has not once crossed my mind to become one even if I do have the qualities to become one. Before taking the test I knew that I am a firm believer on taking risks. I also do know that and very independent and like to get my creative juices flowing. What I didn’t know before

mary wollstonecraft, the power of education - history 10 - essay

1002 words - 5 pages Free there was possibly for a strong woman to stand up for what she believed during this time than maybe it would have been an encouragement for others to follow and be the role model of the era. Wollstonecraft counteracts the notion of how men thought that women were viewed as weak humans, without barely an education and no potential. Wollstonecraft’s quote of strength very much defines the biggest concern of a husband during the 18th century

art history about the Renaissance period - arh204 - essay

1702 words - 7 pages going to work primarily in the media of sculpture. Pieta: Means piety. We are meant as the viewers to emphasis the core to piety, the death of Christ, trauma of Mary, and this is meant to be said and meant to elicit the strong reactions from the viewer. M didn’t give us figure showing wounds. Furthermore, he gives us a very useful Mary. She functions almost as a platform for Christ’s body. There is only indication of wounds within the marble

current event about the greenhouse gas emissions - biology - assignment

597 words - 3 pages nuns that embezzled 500,000 dollars from a Catholic church in California. WHAT is this story about? List four facts related in your article. · The sister’s embezzled 500,000 dollars from the account that was holding tuition fees and donations from the catholic school in California. · Mary Kreuper was a school principal there for 29 years while her best friend Lana Chang worked there for 20 years. · It took them a decade to embezzle all that money

Why Week Tree Public Information - Communications - Weekly Assignment

417 words - 2 pages advised not to use three-digit number as a sellable ranking (e.g. 278th best in the U.S.) and do not use language your audience doesn’t understand( e.g. you’re one of 786 accredited programs, but do students and parents even know what accreditation really means?). Instead they were advised to look at the attitudes, beliefs and lifestyles of today’s 16-year-olds and graduate program prospects, as the right imagery, language and data points can make

Typhoid Mary: The spreading of an infectious disease - Food, Nutrition, and Wellness - Assignment

419 words - 2 pages isolation, typically to contain the spread of something considered dangerous. 5. a. Fictitious name. 6. c. An abnormal inflammatory condition of the lungs. True/False 1. False- Typhoid fever is a disease. 2. True 3. True 4. False- Mary emigrated from Ireland. 5. False- Untreated Typhoid is divided into 4 stages, each being 1 week long. 6. True Fill in the Blank 1. Slow progressive fever, sweating, stomach flu and diarrhea 2. Pneumonia 3. First 4. 10

Rhetorical Analysis of a Speech - Chappaquiddick - English - Essay

834 words - 4 pages 1 Rhetorical Analysis of a Speech “A man does what he must – in spite of personal consequences, in spite of obstacles, and dangers, and pressures…” Senator Edward Kennedy said these words in 1969 on national television while giving his famous Chappaquiddick speech. Kennedy’s Chappaquiddick speech serves as a reminder to everyone that even great leaders have flaws and are capable of making mistakes. On July 18th, 1969, Kennedy drove his car into