Piaget's Theory Essay

433 words - 2 pages

Piaget's theory of cognitive development consists of various stages, which happen at various times of a young person's life. The stage of life for an adolescent, between the ages of twelve to sixteen, is known as the formal operational stage. This stage is the fourth and final stage of cognitive development. "Formal operational thinkers can recognize and identify a problem. They can state several alternative hypotheses, execute procedures to collect information about the problems to be studied, and test the hypotheses." (Lin, 2002). Prior to adolescence thought is concentrated on much less complex ...view middle of the document...

This is characterized by a brand of reasoning "from a general statement or principle, through logical steps, to a specific conclusion."(Berger, 366). This train of thought and logical thinking is a major accomplishment for the adolescent, and will come in handy for years to come.Another characteristic of this developmental stage is the addition of intuitive thought. Intuitive thought has an advantage by being quick, because it is based upon emotions and not reality, but has a tendency to be wrong. (Berger, 369). This is evident as a teenager quickly thinking first that a man walking down the street in raggedy clothes is homeless, not possibly thinking the man has a dirty job.Another characteristic of this stage is the adolescent's egocentrism. It is in full drive at this point and they tend to think of themselves quite frequently. They also tend to think quite highly of themselves, too. An adolescent will believe that they are quite unique and special. They will also expect certain reactions of the people around them according to their physical appearance or behaviors. This is evident by the time and effort young girls and boys will spend on their appearance before going to school. (Berger, 368). These are characteristics of adolescent's egocentrism and how it is observed in everyday situations.ReferencesBerger, K. S. (2005). The Developing Person: Through the Life Span. (Sixth Ed.). New York, New York: Worth Publishers.

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