Plato's Life Essay

969 words - 4 pages

Jennifer RomanApril 2012P.3PlatoPlato was an incredibly influential Greek philosopher. He was born in Athens and he lived from 429-347 B.C.E. Plato was luckily born into a wealthy aristocratic family. His father was allegedly a descent from the early kings of Athens. Unfortunately, Plato's father perished when he was a child, and his mother eventually remarried. Plato's real name was actually Aristocles; he was named after his grandfather. Plato got the name Plato from his wrestling coach. Throughout his entire life, Plato was an intelligent and creative individual. Plato was a pupil of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle He wrote a handful of dialogues and had several theories. Some of ...view middle of the document...

"Heraclitus is the other philosopher that influenced Plato. Heraclitus believed the world was in a state of constant movement and change, nothing has permanence or reliability, everything changes ("panta rei"), everyone sees the world differently, all our beliefs about the world are observer-relative, and the world is just "process". Overall the three philosophers who most influenced Plato were Socrates, Pythagoras, and Heraclitus.One of Plato's greatest accomplishments was his founding of The Academy. After witnessing Socrates' death and leaving Athens, Plato returned to Athens. Soon after his return, Plato established the first ever European university called "The Academy" in the western suburbs of Athens in the year 387 B.C.E. Plato's school was named after the legendary Greek hero Academus. The Academy was a prominent school with bright students. The Academy's most prominent student was Aristotle. Members of the academy believed that the study of mathematics held key to all understanding. Plato himself was a teacher at The Academy. He gave lectures to students on mathematics, astronomy, and his theory of Forms. When Plato died Aristotle's nephew, Speusippus, became head of The Academy; until it was closed in 529 AD.One of Plato's most popular works is his dialogue, the Republic. Overall, the Republic is Plato's desperate attempt to prove how false and dangerous the idea of the city-state was. Plato believed change and progress are always associated with corruption and decay. In this dialogue Plato describes what he would have considered an ideal state.Another popular literary work by Plato is his Apology. Plato's Apology is his only...

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