This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Prehistory Essay

1493 words - 6 pages

MEDIJSKO SVEUČILIŠTE U KOPRIVNICISTUDIJ MEDIJSKOG DIZAJNAIva GrubješićKRONOLOŠKE CJELINE PRETHISTORIJE -Seminarski rad-u Koprivnici, 16.10.2013.Kronološki gledano, prethistorija se dijeli na tri cjeline, paleolitik, mezolitik i neolitik. Paleolitik, ili starije kameno doba dijeli se još na: donji paleolitik,.srednji paleolitik i gornji paleolitik. Mezolitik je bio neka vrsta prijelaznog, tranzicijskog razdoblja, te je u svakoj regiji trajao drugačije. Iz neolitičkog razdoblja ne nalazi se mnogo umjetnina, te se smatra da su ljudi u to doba stvarali na drvu ili nekoj sličnoj, nepostojanoj građi. Paleolitik - starije kameno doba ...view middle of the document...

Još jedan bitan lokalitet jest i Altmira u sjevernoj Španjolskoj, gdje su slike jako dobro očuvane.Osim špiljske umjetnosti, ljudi iz tog razdoblja radili su i crteže i rezbarije izrađene od kosti, roga ili kamena, veličine dlana. Vješto su ih oblikovali kremenim oruđem. U špilji u jugozapadnoj Njemačkoj nađeni su najstariji kipići od bjelokosti mamuta, stari oko 30.000 godina. Rezbarije su nastajale prepoznavanjem i doradom sličnosti, što znači da su ljudi tražili posebne oblike kamena koje bi samo bilo potrebno malo urediti kako bi postale neka smislena figurica. Naprimjer, pupak Willendorfske Venere, središnja točka lika, prirodna je udubina u kamenu. Mezolitik - srednje kameno doba (10.000 god.pr.Kr. - 6.500 god.pr.Kr) Mezolitik je bio tranzicijsko razdoblje. Ovdje su se lovci/sakupljači polako transformirali u poljodjelce. Što se duže povlačio led u nekoj regiji, duže je trajalo mezolitsko razdoblje. Naprimjer, na Srednjem Istoku, gdje nije bilo leda, ljudi se brzo transformirali u poljodjelce, te tako polako počinju nastajati i prva naselja, te najstariji naseljeni grad, Jerihon. U mezolitičkoj umjetnosti, za razliku od špiljske umjetnosti, gdje se u prvom redu prikazuju životinje uz poneki ljudski lik, ovdje je čovjek vrlo naglašen, prikazivan u grupama ljudi koji izvode neki obred ili ritual, ili u lovu.Neolitik - mlađe kameno doba ( između 10.000 god.pr.Kr - 4.500-2000 god.pr.Kr)U ovom se razdoblju počinju razvijati prva naselja i gradovi. Pojavljuje se Jerihon, na području zapadne obale Mediterana. Izgled ovog grada bio je sljedeći: kuće su bile kamene, uredno gipsanih podova, te su se nalazile u zidinama zaštićenom gradu, s kulama koje su bile vrlo grube i čvrste konstrukcije. Lončarstvo nije postojalo. U Jerihonu su pronađeni kipovi glava, koji datiraju otprilike 7.000 god.pr.Kr. Radi se o ljudskim lubanjama s rekonstruiranim licima od obojenog gipsa, a umjesto očiju imale su komadiće morskih školjki. Kipovi su veoma precizno modelirani, između izbočina i ravnih površina prijelazi su fini, vidi se kako je kipar imao osjećaj za odnos kosti i mesa. Svako je lice unikatno, crte lica, izraz i oblik su posebni na svakom kipu, te su tako prozvani prvim glasnicima portretiranja. Pretpostavlja se kako su to bili obožavani preci, te su tijela predaka bila pokopana, a glave izložene. Neolitički čovjek smatrao je da je duh smješten u glavi. U današnjoj Turskoj, u Anatoliji, pronađen je i tisuću godina mlađi grad od Jerihona, Catal Huyuk. Ovaj grad nije imao ulice, te se u kuće ulazilo preko krovova. Kuće su bile izgrađene od sušenih opeka (ćerpića) i drva. Ovdje se nalaze i najstarija do sada otkrivena...

Other Essays On Prehistory

Character In "The Yellow Wallpaper" By Charlotte Perkins Gilman

1587 words - 7 pages The short story 'The Yellow Wall-Paper' written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a cry for freedom. This story is about a woman who fights for her right to express what she feels, and fights for her right to do what she wants to do. The narrator in this short story is a woman whose husband loves her very much, but oppresses her to the point where she cannot take it anymore. This story revolves around the main character, her oppressed life, and her

Edgar Allen Poe's View Of Death In "The Fall Of The House Of Usher"

1836 words - 8 pages Edgar Allen Poe's Symbolism of Death in 'The Fall of the House of Usher'Death is defined as, 'The termination or extinction of something' (American Heritage Dictionary). Edgar Allen Poe uses this description in 'The Fall of the House of Usher' in different ways. Poe's intention when writing 'The Fall of the House of Usher' was not to present a moral, lesson, or truth to the reader; he was simply trying to bring forth a sense of terror to the

"Slaughterhouse Five" By Vonnegut

2264 words - 10 pages When one begins to analyze a military novel it is important to first look at the historical context in which the book was written. On the nights of February 13-14 in 1944 the city of Dresden, Germany was subjected to one of the worst air attacks in the history of man. By the end of the bombing 135,000 to 250,000 people had been killed by the combined forces of the United States and the United Kingdom. Dresden was different then Berlin or many of

Psychoanalysis And Freud

2420 words - 10 pages Psychoanalysis is a system of psychology originated by the Viennese physician Sigmund FREUD in the 1890's and then further developed by himself, his students, and other followers. It consists of three kinds of related activities: (1) a method for research into the human mind, especially inner experiences such as thoughts, feelings, emotions, fantasies, and dreams; (2) a systematic accumulation of a body of knowledge about the mind; and (3) a

Comparative Essay. "Heart Of Darkness" By Joseph Conrad And William Golding's "Lord Of The Flies"

2729 words - 11 pages It can be said that a certain degree of darkness lies within every person, but this darkness will not surface unless given the correct environment. The darkness, however, can emerge and ultimately destroy the person if not checked by reason. If one's inner darkness does surface, the victim then is given the opportunity to reach a point in personal growth, and to gain a sense of self-knowledge from it. That is, when one's darkness appears, one

This Is An Essay On The Woman In The Odyssey And Their Influences On His Travels

993 words - 4 pages The Odyssey is an epic about a Greek warrior in the Trojan War whose wanderings around his known world and his perilous encounters are the basis of the story. Odysseus' absence from his home is prolonged by the influences of the women whom he encounters.In this epic, several female characters had a profound effect on the plot. They wielded their influence through typically feminine skills and attributes: seduction, supernatural powers

Title:Aggressive and Passive. Compare characters in the Handmaid's Tail between Hamlet. Offred is aggressive while Ophelia is passive

537 words - 3 pages Aggressive and PassiveAggressive and Passive are two inverse attitudes to things, events or life. They cause different results. Offred and Ophelia are two women who have contrary destinies because of their different attitudes.Offred is a powerless woman in "the Handmaid's Tale". She's a handmaid of a commander in Gilead. She has no freedom. She belongs to him as a property. Her only duty is to have sex with the commander and give birth to a baby

Black Boy vs Grapes of Wrath

444 words - 2 pages Even though the books of Black Boy and Grapes of Wrath gave a vivid picture of the past American life to the readers regarding the socio-economic bigotry. Both books are similar in focusing the social and economic discrimination in the family setting. On Grapes of Wrath the California prejudice against the immigrants. Prejudice was a strong word, which leaves a bitter taste in the mouth. It is the prejudice against the migrant workers by the

Leprosy ; includes what bacteria it is caused by, the orgin of the disease, how many people are affected by it in the united states and in alaska during 1999 and 2000, and more. 3 pages long

524 words - 3 pages Leprosy is very dangerous for your personal health. It can make you skin fall off. Leprosy slowly eats away at you body. It is deadly to all genders, all ages, all sizes and all races.Another name for leprosy is Hansen's Disease. Leprosy is caused by the organism mycobacterium leprae. The pathogen that carries it is bacteria. Throughout the years people have suspected that inhaling and touching the bacteria could spread leprosy.Symptoms of

Reality Vs. Appearance - Hamlet

978 words - 4 pages In the play "Hamlet," Shakespeare's characters are confronted with the timeless question: How can one determine what is actually true from what only seems to be true? Throughout the play, the theme of appearance versus reality is constant. This theme is played out from the beginning, with Claudius' attempt to conceal his secret intentions; Gertrude and Ophelia masking their own truths, and finally Hamlet, who assumes the role of a madman in order

My favorite place

320 words - 2 pages Among the places where I have traveled, I especially like Fort Lauderdale very much. It fills me with beautiful memories. It reminds me of the days when I lived in Vietnam where I was born, especially the coconut trees, the hot and humid weather are like Vietnam. Fort Lauderdale has almost all the tropical fruits like jack fruit, durian, and longan. All these fruits are not grown in California.I usually come to Fort Lauderdale for a vacation. I

Similar Papers

A Journal Entry On 5 Different Issues All To Do With Pollution/Animal Endangerment Recieved 89% In May 10th/2005

455 words - 2 pages In Prehistory the discovery of fire first started pollution. The burning of natural and manmade materials is killing our planet, we should find an unlimited and non-pollutant resource to fuel our cars and heat our homes. Hydrogen is a good alternative to gasoline because it is non-pollutant and a bountiful resource. The polluting of the oceans are killing fish and mammals alike, when the seaweed is exposed to the oil it immediately absorbs it

The Vikings In The Middle Ages. Thesis: The Invasions Of The Vikings Into England Throughout The 8th, 9th, And 10th Centuries Had A Great Impact On The People And History Of That Time

1107 words - 5 pages Scandinavian rulers started their own currency, they modeled their coins off of the stolen English ones (Davies 1). In turn, the English had just as large an impact on the Vikings as the Vikings did on the English.Works Cited:Bakken, William. "A Biographical Sketch of Cnut the Great: Emperor of the North".November 9, 1994. http://www.mankato.msus.edu/emuseum/prehistory/vikings/cnutaut.htmlCook, Nicola. "The Vikings in the British Isles". November

Athenian Women Vs. Spartan Women Research Paper

3526 words - 15 pages : Spartans and Messenians." About.com. 23 Nov. 2005 www.about.com."Sparta Vs. Athens." Study World. 22 Nov. 2005 www.studyworld.com."The Women of Athens." Ancient Greek Civilizations. 11 Nov. 2005 http://mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/aegean/culture/women of athens.html."The Women of Sparta." Ancient Greek Civilizations. 22 Nov. 2005 http://www.mnsu.edu."Two Faces of Greece: Athens and Sparta." PBS. PBS. 23 Nov. 2005 http://www.pbs.org."Who Were the Amazons?." Ancient Greek Civilizations. 22 Nov. 2005 http://www.mnsu.edu

American Antiquity Essay

4624 words - 19 pages ). Social Zooarchaeology: Humans and Animals in Prehistory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 0521767377, 9780521767378. Pp 350-351. Winterer, Caroline. (2010). the Mirror of Antiquity: American Women and the Classical Tradition, 1750-1900. Cornell University Press. ISBN: 0801475791, 9780801475795. Pp 150-151. Wood, Donald. (2010). Economic action in theory and practice: anthropological investigations. Emerald Group Publishing. ISBN: 0857241176, 9780857241177. Pp 250-251. [American Antiquity 1]