Project planning is part of project management, which relates to the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to plan and subsequently report progress within the project environment. Initially, the project scope is defined and the appropriate methods for completing the project are determined. Following this step, the durations for the various tasks necessary to complete the work are listed and grouped into a work breakdown structure. The necessary resources can be estimated and costs for each activity can be allocated to each resource, giving the total project cost. At this stage, the project plan may be optimized to achieve the appropriate balance between resource usage and project duration to comply with the project objectives. Once established and agreed, the plan becomes what is known as the baseline. Progress will be measured against the baseline throughout the life of the project. Analyzing progress compared to the baseline is known as earned value management.The inputs of the project planning phase include the project charter and the concept proposal. The outputs of the project planning phase include the project requirements, the project schedule, and the project management
A project can be defined as a series of related tasks in order to have a continuous output. It has three steps: planning (set the goals, define the project, making breakdown schedule and identify required human resource), scheduling (sequence activities, assign people, schedule deliverable and schedule resources) and controlling (monitor resources, cost and quality, and revise and change plans)
A project will run best when:
1. The goals and deadlines should be defined.
2. To provide required specialized skills
3. It should be temporary but effective in that special time to the organization.
4. It should shorten the cross organizational line.
Allocating time to all project activities, in this stage managers decide how many people and material will be needed at each stage of production, also the project manager will decide about the material and the required skills.
A Gantt chart is a type of bar chart, developed by Henry Gantt that illustrates a project schedule. Gantt charts illustrate the start and finish dates of the terminal elements and summary elements of a project. Terminal elements and summary elements comprise the work breakdown structure of the project. Some Gantt charts also show the dependency (i.e., precedence network) relationships between activities. Gantt charts can be used to show current schedule status us...