Pugin - Architectural Traditions - Open University - Essay

1271 words - 6 pages

How and why did Pugin reinterpret architectural traditions in the nineteenth century?
Pugin’s approach to post reformation, nineteenth century architecture gained him the label of
dissenter and radicalist. His rejection of the practices of the time led him on a crusade to revive
medieval Gothic architecture in an attempt to establish an overarching national identity while at
the same time detaching itself from the decadent and materialistic ways of the Anglican church
and his view, making for a morally better future. In order to break from the traditions of the past
three centuries he put forward progressive arguments that complimented the buildings he
designed that helped reinvigorate the Gothic style in nineteenth century Britain.
Pugin’s views of the Classical style that had been prevalent since the reformation of the 16th
century were that of antipathy. The style was closely associated with the Protestant church
which Pugin argued “was derived from ancient Greece and Rome and so it was pagan and alien
to northern Europe.” (Richardson et al, 2008, p. 109) He felt that the Gothic style was the
epitome of religious architecture and summarised all that was good with the church. The energy
of the design, he felt, was solely about worshipping God as opposed to Classicism which he
attributed to the recognition of man and financial gain first before spiritual devotion. He believed
it to be shallow, morally degenerate, commercialised and secularist.
Pugin wrote ‘Building without teaching and explaining is almost useless’ (Pugin, cited in
McKellar 2008 ). In order to help re-establish the medieval Gothic architecture of the
pre-reformation, Pugin published the book ‘Contrasts’, with the aim to show the difference
between medieval and modern design. The book was entirely bias towards his ideals and took a
heavily critical stance against the Classical style but it gained him instant recognition for the
radical principles he put forward. He argued that the Classical style embodied the decline of
architecture. While the designs may have been elaborate and ornate, they were self-serving and
hedonistic, ill-serving of a house of God. The illustrations within Contrasts were drawn by Pugin
himself. In his work ‘Contrasted Chapels’ (Illustrations Book, Plate 2.4.9) his depiction of Bishop
Skirwals Chapel in Yorkshire appears heavily shaded giving the illusion of depth and intricacy.
Comparatively it appears much more inviting than the cold, basic and imposing lines of St. Mary,
Somers Town. His persuasive views are also cleverly shown in his illustration showing the
contrast between Chapel Royal in Brighton and St. Georges Chapel in Windsor (Illustrations
Book, Plate 2.4.7). There is a defined hostility in the way he portrays the former. Aside from the
focal point being the centralised pulpit there isn’t much, if any indication it is a place of worship.
Pugin exaggerates the scale of the congregation in an attempt to recapitulate the secularity of

More like Pugin - Architectural Traditions - Open University - Essay

Dd101 Tma01 Making And Remaking - Open University - Essay

1272 words - 6 pages ... others see us. I am still struggling slightly with referencing and in particular secondary referencing which I have come across in writing this essay. [endnoteRef:1] Allen, J., (2009) ‘One stop shopping: the power of supermarkets’ in Taylor, S., Hinchliffe, S., Clarke, J. and Bromley, S. (editors) Making social lives, p74. Milton Keynes, The Open University. [1: Hetherington, K. (2009) ‘Consumer society? Shopping, consumption and social science’ in Taylor, S., Hinchliffe, S., Clarke, J. And Bromley, S. Making social lives, p30, Milton Keynes, The Open University.] ...

“discuss Some Of The Ways That Stressful Experiences Can Be Managed. - The Open University - Essay

2038 words - 9 pages ... discuss how different stressful experiences affect different people in terms of socio-economic status, environment and personal resources and how they cope or not in some cases. In addition, this essay will discuss some of the ways that stress can be managed in terms of building resilience and managing stress in order to reduce its impact on health and wellbeing. Stress can be described as a common but complex phenomena (The Open University, 2013a ...

Assessment In Social Work – Application To A Case Study - The Open University - Essay

2097 words - 9 pages ... This essay will look at the social work assessment process through the story of Angharad who is a single, retired primary teacher after years of independent living found herself reaching crisis point due to physical and mental health decline (The Open University, 2016a). An assessment to establish what services are needed to help Angharad is required, while her needs and views are kept at the centre so she feels empowered in her situation (SSSC ...

Safety In Children And Young People - Open University - Essay

2745 words - 11 pages ... , U. (1979) The Ecology of Human Development, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Chandler, K. (2017) ‘Health’, in The Open University (ed) KE206 Children and Young People’s Wellbeing: Book 1, Milton Keynes, The Open University Cooper, V. (2017) ‘Learning’, in The Open University (ed) KE206 Children and Young People’s Wellbeing: Book 2, Milton Keynes, The Open University Cooper, V. and Rixon, A. (2017) ‘Wellbeing’, in The Open University (ed ...

Book Review On Open Veins Of Latin America - Savannah State University - Essay

895 words - 4 pages ... Andre Ilesanmi Dr. Rivera Modern Latin America 04/14/2019 Open Veins of Latin America Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent, written by Eduardo Galeano is a thorough and appealing historical account based on the robbing of the Latin American continent for its resources by foreign nations throughout history. This well written account by Galeano is well renowned and highly praised due to its relevance since its inception all the way to some ...

Welcome To Togo. This Is A Persuasive Traveling Brochure

1404 words - 6 pages ... Togo. It has open markets along the side of the streets that sell fresh fruits and vegetables, hand-made clothes and potteries. Lome has many monuments and architectural structure along its streets. Also many beautiful and luxurious hotels are in this city and are walking distance to the marketplaces. Most of these activities are mainly open for tourists.hOw'S tHeIr EcOnOmY ???Togo has a strong economy. Almost two thirds of Togo's work force is ...

Invaded By Immigrants

2235 words - 9 pages ... What is the content of this essay?This essay deals with the immigration in canada and whether or not it was a postive/negative influence in the formation of this country.Canada being a relatively new country, as far as the history of theworld goes was built by immigration. Every single resident of North America cantrace his ancestry back to the cradle of life in Europe. Even Native Americansfound their way to the new world over a frozen ice pack ...

Robert Frost Research Essay On The Wall - English 225 - Essay

2254 words - 10 pages ... The Fall of Tradition, The Fall of The Wall Robert Frost’s “Mending Wall” (1914) ponders the role of “something…that doesn’t love a wall” (1). However, some scholars tend to disagree on what the “something” (1) is. In his essay Frost's Wall: The View from the Other Side, Charles Watson considers the reference literally, interpreting it as “Nature, which annually tears down the barrier that man has erected” (Watson 654). Broderick, on the other ...

Academic Skills Of Professional Management In 21 Century - St Johns Surrey - Essay

2433 words - 10 pages ... William O’Donnell 170520850 Academic and Professional Skills Development Essay (BUS1016) “Businesses look first and foremost for graduates with the right attitudes and aptitudes to enable them to be effective in the workplace” (CBI, 2016:8)1. Drawing on the intelligent career framework critically consider the actions that you could take to demonstrate your potential to future employers in your chosen career. Introduction The increasing ...

Cultural Leftovers From Our Past Civilizations. Alexander The Great. Greece's Influence On Today's Architecture And Education

1648 words - 7 pages ... his army had to have shaved heads. This also contributes to today's military. Not only does the military force men and women to have short hair for fighting reasons but it is also in order to keep everyone looking somewhat the same for uniformity.There are many more things that today's society has taken from our ancient civilizations. Greece was an extraordinary influence on today's culture. We got many architectural ideas from them. The idea of ...

To What Extent Is Evidence-based Care Necessary For Providing Effective Care?’ - Undergraduate - Essay

1758 words - 8 pages ... individualised. This essay has highlighted the strengths and weaknesses, advantages and disadvantages of evidence-based care and highlighting that research evidence works rather better than the traditional practices of knowledge-based care but with anything evidence-based care still needs refinement for it to work across the board for all involved. Care practice that’s informed by research evidence works in health care and appears to be the most effective option. WORD COUNT 1297 References The Open University (2018) K101 Block 4 Learning Guide 15: ‘Getting care right’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. ...

Personal Cultures Essay

979 words - 4 pages ... family is very open to cultural diversity. My grandparents and great-grandparents are not as diverse, they can be racist at times and I don't blame them because they were born and raised that way. If you were raised in an old fashioned way you will be old fashioned in your future. My family hikes, goes to movies, camps, helps the community, goes to concerts, supports my siblings extra curricular activities. Some of clubs were in are: drama club ...

Alcoholics Anonymous And Spirituality Analysis - Umass Lowell/ Psychiatric Nursing - Essay

1205 words - 5 pages ... Running head: THE POWER OF POWERLESSNESS 1 2 THE POWER OF POWERLESSNESS The Power of Powerlessness Miranda Lombardo University of Massachusetts Lowell Author Note This paper was prepared for Psychiatric Nursing Clinical NURS. 3150, taught by Professor Kathleen Courtney. The Power of Powerlessness The founders of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) believed that “a power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity” (Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions ...

Art Movements Influenced By Art, Design And Technology Essay

1542 words - 7 pages ... -gehry/ [Accessed 5 july 2017]. Smith, K. , 2015. Introducing architectural theory. [Online] Available at: https://issuu. com/thanhcn/docs/introducing_architectural_theory [Accessed 30 june 2017]. University of kent, 2014. ARTS STUDIO. [Online] Available at: https://www. kent. ac. uk/artsatkent/pdf/arts-studio. pdf [Accessed 9 july 2017]. Page 5 | 7 ...

Compapring China With Other Civilizations - AP World History - Essay

1023 words - 5 pages Free ... Aqsa Batool Period 5 (Ms. Finder) LEQ Compare China’s influence on other civilizations (LEQ Essay) The period from 300 to 1000 was a time of intensive exchange and interaction across Eurasia. Several civilizations stand out as major influences. Gupta India, Byzantium, and the Islamic caliphates of the Middle East were remarkable powerhouses. The years from about 600 to 1500 as the Chinese Millennium, with China as the largest, strongest, and ...